The Batsbi?

Other Peoples

Resources & Links



A Short Caucasian Bibliography

a comprehensive, illustrated & regularly updated


relating to the

wider Caucasus region

Its history, its peoples
& many other issues such as
language, folklore, tradition,
religious beliefs, art, travel, architecture,
ethnography, literature & music,
geology, botany, &c. &c.

English, French, Georgian, German, Russian
and a few other languages, e.g. Laz

This bibliography was compiled using online bibliographical databases (such as Google Books, the Online Computer Library Center's "WorldCat" database, or the excellent Advanced Book Exchange website) and from several works to be found in this list — e.g. W.E.D. Allen's outstanding Russian Embassies to the Georgian Kings (Hakluyt Society, Cambridge University Press, 1970).

Professor Kevin Tuite's (University of Montreal) online bibliography was also particularly useful, as was Mr. Amjad Jaimoukha's extraordinary North Caucasian Bibliography ("More than 3,800 references, including some 450 links to on-line books, articles and documents"). I am also particularly grateful to Mr David Hunt for the amazing list he sent me of his translations of works related to the Caucasus, along with a copy of his unpublished translation of Bashir Dalgat's The aboriginal religion of the Chechens and Ingush.

This list is far from being comprehensive — particularly when compared with Mr Jaimoukha's extraordinary bibliography — and I have only read a fraction of these books and articles. Some I already own; others I would like to own some day (space permitting). Please also note that the year of publication may not be the most recent one, and that crateloads of books have been published in Georgian and in Russian (which I can only read with difficulty and cannot read at all, respectively). Almost all the following publications are in either English, French or German.

Even the most ancient of these books and many, many more can be bought from book shops around the world via the Advanced Book Exchange website or Amazon, and many of them are available in full (in digital form) in the Internet Archive. Most of the ethnographic books in Georgian which feature in this list (e.g. Mak'alatia, Tedoradze, Kamarauli, Bardavelidze, &c.) I bought over the years through a well-connected book dealer who hawks his wares on the flea market in Tbilisi.




All submissions gratefully received, omissions and mistakes willingly corrected, &c. (and indeed donations for future book purchases welcome!). Do get in touch: Gmail: alexjtb. Also, please feel free to reproduce all or part of this bibliography, but make sure you credit this page and website when you do so, or I'll send my band of ruthless knout-wielding Cossacks to turf you out of bed and whip you naked through the streets.

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ABAEV, V.I., "The Pre-Christian Religion of the Alans", paper presented at the XXVth International Congress of Orientalists, Moscow: Oriental Library, 1960 [22 pp.]

ABAEV, V.I., "A Grammatical Sketch of Ossetic", in International Journal of American Linguistics, Part II, Vol. XXX, No. 4 (October 1964), Bloomington: Indiana University Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, & The Hague: Mouton & Co., 1964 [133 pp.]

ABDUSHELISHVILI, Malkhaz Grigorievich, "The Genesis of the Aboriginal Population of the Caucasus in the Light of Anthropological Data", in Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress for Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1964, Moscow: Nauka, 1968

ABDUSHELISHVILI, Malkhaz Grigorievich, GINZBURG, V.V., MIKLASHEVSKAIA, N.N., & TROFIMOVA, T.A., Contributions to the Physical Anthropology of Central Asia and the Caucasus, Cambridge (MA): Peabody Museum, 1968

ABERCROMBY, John, A Trip through the Eastern Caucasus, with a Chapter on the Languages of the Country, London: Edward Stanford, 1889 [376 pp. with 6 plates, 15 engraved illustrations and 2 maps.]

ABERCROMBY, John, "The Wall of Derbend", Edinburgh: Royal Scottish Geographical Society, 1890

ABERCROMBY, John, "An Amazonian Custom in the Caucasus", in Folklore, Vol. II, No. 2, 1891, pp. 171-181

ABICH, Hermann, Beiträge zur geologischen Kenntnis der Thermalquellen in den Kaukasischen Ländern, Tiflis: Buchdruckerei der Civil-Hauptverwaltung

ABICH, Hermann, Über die geologische Natur des armenischen Hochlandes: Fest-Rede, am 22. August, dem Krönungsfeste ihrer Kaiserlichen Majestäten Nikolai Pawlowitsch und Alexandra Feodorowna im grossen Hörsaale der Kaiserlichen Universität Dorpat, Dorpat: H. Laakmann, 1843

ABICH, Hermann, "Sur les dernières tremblements de terre dans la Perse septentrionale et dans le Caucase, ansi que sur des eaux et de gaz s'y trouvant en rapport avec ces phénomènes", St.-Pétersbourg: Acad. Impériale des Sciences, 1855

ABICH, Hermann, Über das Steinsalz und seine geologische Stellung im russischen Armenien, St Petersburg: Buchdruckerei der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1857

ABICH, Hermann, Vergleichende geologische Grundzüge der kaukasischen, armenischen und nordpersischen Gebirge — Prodromus einer Geologie der kaukasischen Länder, St Petersburg: Buchdruckerei der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1858

ABICH, Hermann, Sur la structure et la géologie du Daghestan, St.-Pétersbourg: Eggers, 1862

ABICH, Hermann, "Über eine im Caspischen Meere erschienene Insel, nebst Beiträgen zur Kenntniss der Schlammvulkane der caspischen Region", in Mémoires de l'Académie impériale des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, Volume VI, No. 5, 1863

ABICH, Hermann, Zur Geologie des südöstlichen Kaukasus : Bemerkungen von meinen Reisen im Jahr 1865, St.-Pétersbourg: Acad. Impériale des Sciences, 1866

ABICH, Hermann, Geologische Beobachtungen auf Reisen in den Gebirgsländern zwischen Kur und Araxes, Tiflis: Buchdruckerei der Civil-Hauptverwaltung, 1867

ABICH, Hermann, "Remarkable forms of hailstones recently observed in Georgia — Extract from a letter from Staatsrath Abich to Chevalier W. von Haidinger", in Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1869, pp. 420-421

ABICH, Hermann, Études sur les glaciers actuels et anciens du Caucase , Tiflis: impr. de l'administr. civile du Caucase, 1870

ABICH, Hermann, Über krystallinischen Hagel im Thrialethischen Gebirge und über die Abhängigkeit der Hydrameteore von der Physik des Bodens, Tiflis: impr. de l'administr. civile du Caucase, 1871

ABICH, Hermann, Geologische Beobachtungen auf Reisen im Kaukasus im Jahre 1873, 1875

ABICH, Hermann, Über die Produktivität und die geotelstonischen Verhältnisse der Kaspischen Naphtaregion, Wien: 1879

ABICH, Hermann, ABICH, Adelaïde, & SUESS, Eduard, Geologische forschungen in den kaukasischen ländern, 3 volumes, Wien: A. Hölder, 1878-87 [Vol. I: Eine Bergkalkfauna aus der Araxesenge bei Djoulfa in Armenien, including "Abhandlungen und aufsätze über geologische und physikalisch-geographische gegenstände aus dem Kaukasus"; Vol. II: Geologie des armenischen Hochlandes — I. Westhälfte, including "Atlas zu den geologischen Forschungen in den kaukasischen Ländern von Herman[n] Abich" and "Barometrische Höhenbestimmungen im türkischen Armenien"; Vol. III: Geologie des armenischen Hochlandes — II. Osthälfte, including "Erdbebenphänomene im armenischen hochlande [und] Altarmenische erdbebenchronik".]

ABICH, Hermann, & ABICH, Adelaïde, Aus kaukasischen Ländern: Reisebriefe, 2 volumes, Wien: A. Hölder, 1896

ABRAMICHVILI, R., "[La Géorgie,] Au pays du fer", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 46-53.]

A catalogue of Paris Peace Conference delegation propaganda in the Hoover War Library, Redwood City (CA): Stanford University Press, 1926

ADAMIA, Sch., "Ein geodynamisches Modell des Kaukasus", in Wissenschaft in der UDSSR, No. 6, Moscow: 1983

ADEMOLLO, Umberto, "La Georgia e l'Azerbaidjan", Milano: 1940 [13 pp.]

AFANASIEFF, R., 100 Kaukasus-gipfel, ?Schöpping?: Lindauersche Buchhandlung, 1913

AFLALO, Frederick George, An Idler in the Near East, London: G. Bell & Sons, 1910 [279 pp. with 40 half-tone photographic plates; British zoologist, sports writer and traveller (1870-1918). An account of his travels in Constantinople, the Holy Land, Asia Minor, the Caucasus & Turkey.]

AHARONIAN, Avétis, Les anciennes croyances arméniennes, Parenthèses, 1980

AGSTNER, Rudolf, Österreich im Kaukasus 1849-1918, Diplomatische Akademie, 1999

AHMED SAIB KAPLAN, Zadé, Caucase: Les revendications des peuples du Caucase, Stockholm: Imp. Stellan Stàl, 1917 [7 pp.; "le délégué des musulmans du Caucase".]

AHMED, S.Z., Twilight on the Caucasus, Chapel Hill (North Carolina, USA): AER Publications, 1997 [142 pp.; most likely a self-published novel.]

AHMED CEVDET PAŞA, Kirim ve Kafkas tarihçesi ["A History of the Crimea and the Caucasus"], Istanbul: Matbaa-i Ebüzziya, 1890

AICHINGER, Ilse, Unglaubwürdige Reisen ["Unbelievable journeys"], Frankfurt: Fischer, 2005 [186 pp.; includes a chapter entitled Mit dem nomadischen Urgroßvater durch den Kaukasus—"Through the Caucasus with the nomadic great-grandfather".]

AKHALKATSI, Maia, ABDALADZE, Otar, NAKHUTSRISHVILI, George, & SMITH, William K., "Facilitation of Seedling Microsites by Rhododendron Caucasicum Extends the Betula Litwinowii Alpine Treeline, Caucasus Mountains, Republic of Georgia", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 4, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 2006

AKHUNDOV, Mirza-Fath-Ali, Comédies — Traduit de l'Azerbaïdjanais par L. Bazin, préface de Kasimzade, Paris: Gallimard (Collection Caucase), 1967

AKINER, Shirin, Islamic peoples of the Soviet Union, London: KPI, 1986

AKNOUNI, E., Vers la lutte, Genève: Imprimerie arménienne, 1904

AKNOUNI, E., Les plaies du Caucase, Genève: Fédération révolutionnaire arménienne, 1905 [356 pp., translated from the original Armenian, with a preface by Francis de Pressensé and an introduction by Pierre Quillard.]

AKNOUNI, E., La question arménienne et le tsarisme, Genève: 1905

AKNOUNI, E., La censure russe au Caucase, Genève: Union des étudiants arméniens de l'Europe, 1905

AKNOUNI, E., Political Persecution: Armenian Prisoners of the Caucasus — A Page of the Tzar's Persecution, New York: 1911

ALBERT, Joseph (ed.), Theodor Horschelt — Sein Leben & seine Werke: Spanien, Algier, Kaukasus, nach den Original-Zeichnungen photographiert und in Albertotypie, nebst einer biographischen Skizze von H. Holland, München: J. Albert, 1875 [149 pp.; Horschelt, a Bavarian painter famous for his horses and hunting scenes, accompanied a Russian expedition to the Caucasus in 1858, where he painted such pictures as "Caravan in the desert", "The capture of Shamyl", "The capture of an earthwork on Mt. Gunib", "Cossacks returning from a razzia", "Russian artillery in Chechnya", "Flight of Lesghian riders", "Street in Tiflis", "Circassian attack", &c.]

ALBRECHT, Max, "Durch den Daghestan auf der Awaro-Kachetinischen Strasse im Mai-Juni 1904" ["Through Daghestan along the Avaro-Kakhetian Road in May-June 1904"], in Mitteilungen der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, Vol. XXI, Hamburg: L. Friedrichsen & Co. (printer), 1906

ALEKSEEV, V.P., et al., "Contributions to the Archaeology of Armenia", Russian Translation Series, Vol. III, No. 3, 232 pp., Cambridge (MA): Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, 1968

ALEXIDZE, Zaza, "Four Recensions of the 'Conversion of Georgia' (Comparative Study)", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

ALFEEVA, Valeria, Pilgrimage to Dzhvari: a woman’s journey of spiritual awakening, Bell Tower, 1992

ALIEV, G.A., & IZYUMOV, A.Z. (eds.), Cinnamon Forest Soils in the Eastern Part of the Greater Caucasus, Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1969

ALLEN, Robin, "A Journey to Svanetia", in The Geographical Journal, Vol. CXXXV, Part 1 (March 1969), London: The Royal Geographical Society, 1969

ALLEN, W.E.D., Beled-es-Siba — Sketches and Essays of Travel and History, with a Foreword by Major-General Lord Edward Gleichen, London: Macmillan, 1925

ALLEN, W.E.D., "New Political Boundaries in the Caucasus", in The Geographical Journal, Vol. LXIX, 1927

ALLEN, W.E.D., "The March-Lands of Georgia", in The Geographical Journal, Vol. LXXIV, No. 2, 1929, pp. 135-156

ALLEN, W.E.D., A History of the Georgian People from the Beginning Down to the Russian Conquest in the Nineteenth Century, London: Paul, 1932

ALLEN, W.E.D., "Note on the Caucasian Snow-Partridge", in Georgica, A Journal of Georgian and Caucasian studies, Nos 4 & 5, published for the Georgian Historical Society by Stephen Austin & Sons, Ltd., Hertford

ALLEN, W.E.D., "The Caucasian Borderland", in The Geographical Journal, Vol. IC, Nos 5 & 6, 1942, pp. 225-237

ALLEN, W.E.D., "Two Georgian maps of the first half of the eighteenth century", in Imago Mundi — A review of early cartography, Vol. X, 1953, pp. 99-123

ALLEN, W.E.D. (ed.), Russian Embassies to the Georgian Kings, 1589-1605, 2 volumes, Hakluyt Society, Cambridge University Press, 1970

ALLEN, W.E.D., & MURATOFF, Paul, Caucasian Battlefields: A History of the Wars on the Turko-Caucasian Frontier (1828-1921), New York: Cambridge University Press, 1953

ALIBEKOV, Manai, Adaty kumykov, 1927

ALLMENDINGER, Ernst, Katharinenfeld, ein deutsches Dorf im Kaukasus, self-published, 1989

ALTMANN, Christian, & NIENHUYSEN, Frank, Brennpunkt Kaukasus: Wohin steuert Rußland?, Köln: Bastei Lübbe, 1995

ALTSTADT, Audrey, The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity under Russian Rule, Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1980

AMAGHLOBELI, Sergo Ivanovich, Gruzinskii teatr: osnovnye etapy razvitiia ["Georgian Theatre", with an introduction by Anatolii Lunacharskii, Soviet Commissar of Enlightenment], Moscow: State Academy of Arts, 1930

von AMBACH, Eduard, Die Tscherkessen, oder Dschatemir der Sohn des Barden — Ein historisch karakteristisches Gemälde aus dem Kaukasus, Augsburg: Jenisch u. Stage, 1860

AMIRANASHVILI, Shalva, Istoriia gruzinskogo iskusstva ["A History of Georgian Art"], Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe Izdatel’stvo "Iskusstvo", 1950

AMIRANASHVILI, Shalva, Georgian Metalwork from Antiquity to the XVIIIth Century, London, New York, Sydney & Toronto: Hamlyn, 1971

AMPHOUX, Christian-Bernard, ELLIOTT, J.K., & OUTTIER, Bernard, Textual research on the Psalms and Gospels / Recherches textuelles sur les Psaumes et les Évangiles, Leiden: Brill, 2012 [272 pp.; 15 papers from the Tbilisi Colloquium on the Editing and History of Biblical Manuscripts.]

ANANIKIAN, Mardiros H., Armenian Mythology: Stories of Armenian Gods and Goddesses, Heroes and Heroines, Hells and Heavens, Folklore and Fairy Tales, Los Angeles: Indo-European Publishing, 2010

"Anatolisches Mosaik: Vom Stambul zum Kaukasus", in Die Karawane — Vierteljahreshefte der Gesellschaft für Länder- und Völkerkunde, No. 4, Ludwigsburg: Karawane-Verlag, 1977 [104 pp.]

ANDERSON, Alder, "Bee-keeping in the Caucasus", in [unknown publication], London: 1907 [8 pp. with 12 photographs]

ANDERSON, A.R., Alexander's Gate, Gog and Magog, Cambridge (Mass.): Mediaeval Academy of America, 1932

ANDERSON, Tony, Bread and Ashes — A Walk through the Mountains of Georgia, Jonathan Cape, 2003

ANDRONIKOV, Salome, Good Food From Abroad: From the Caucasus to London via Moscow & Paris, London: Harvill Press, 1953

ANET, Claude, La Perse en automobile à travers la Russie et le Caucase ["Persia by car through Russia and the Caucasus"], Paris: Juven, 1906

ANGRICK, Andrej, Besatzungspolitik und Massenmord — Die Einsatzgruppe D in der südlichen Sowjetunion 1941-1943 ["The politics of occupation and mass murder: Einsatzgruppe D in the southern Soviet Union 1941-1943"], Hamburg: Hamburger Edition, 2003 [796 pp.; 'a survey of the atrocities committed by the Einsatzgruppen in Nazi-occupied southern Russia during the first half of the Second World War'.]

ANIKST, Mikhail, Folk Tales from the Soviet Union: The Caucasus, Moscow: Raduga, 1987

ANKVAB, Vladimir, "Noire toison d'or: des noirs au Caucase" ["A black Golden Fleece: Black people in the Caucasus"], in Planète, No. 23, 1971

ANSTEIN, Hans, Graf Felician Zaremba, Basler Missionär im Kaukasus, Basel: Basler Missionsbuchhandlung, 1940 [62 pp.]

APAKIDZE, Joni, GOVEDARICA, Blagoje, & HÄNSEL, Bernhard (eds.), Der Schwarzmeerraum vom Äneolithikum bis in die Früheisenzeit [5000-500 v.Chr.], Vol. I: Kommunikationsebenen zwischen Kaukasus und Karpaten, Internationale Fachtagung von Humboldtianern für Humboldtianer im Humboldt-Kolleg in Tiflis, Georgien (17.-20. Mai 2007), Rahden: Verlag Marie Leidorf, 2009 [272 pp.; No. 25 of the "Prähistorische Archäologie in Südosteuropa" series; see also Vol. II (Eugen SAVA, ed.) below; 'Kupfer und Edelmetall im Schwarzmeerraum des 5./4. Jts., frühe Gefäßbestattungen in Südosteuropa, die Entstehung und Ausbreitung der europäischen Kupferzeit, fremde Götter, Tauschmechanismen im bronzezeitlichen Südkaukasien, zyklopische Festungen und Siedlungen mit symmetrischem Grundriß der kaukasischen Spätbronzezeit sowie Siedlungen und Gebäudeformen der spätbronzezeitlichen/früheisenzeitlichen Kolchis-Kultur. Weitere Themen sind die absolute Datierung der Fundstelle Miciurin-Odaia, Nordmoldawien, Bestattungen der frühhallstattzeitlichen Saharna-Kultur, kaukasisches Symbolgut in Südosteuropa, Helme im Schwarzmeerraum des 5.-1. Jhs. v.Chr., Phaleren des graphischen Stils im nördlichen Schwarzmeergebiet des 3.-1. Jhs. v.Chr., Grabreliefs des 5. Jhs. v.Chr. aus Sinope, der Tempel des Apollon Smintheus in der Troas sowie die Topographie und Kontinuität vorantiker Siedlungen und Städte im östlichen Schwarzmeergebiet.']

APOLLONIUS OF RHODES, The Voyage of Argo, Penguin Classics, 1959

ARAKELOVA, Victoria, "Healing Practices among the Yezidi Sheikhs of Armenia", in Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. LX, No. 2, 2001

ARAKISHVILI, D.I., Kratky istorichesky ["A Short Historical Review of Georgian Music"], Tbilisi: Muzsektor Gosizdata, 1940

ARBEL, Rachel, & MARGAL, Lily, In the Land of the Golden Fleece: The Jews of Georgia — History and Culture, Tel Aviv: 1992

Archäologie und Volkskunst [aus] Dagestan — Völker zwischen Kaukasus und Kaspischem Meer, Katalog zur Ausstellung im Tiroler Volkskunstmuseum und im Vorarlberger Landesmuseum, 1999-2000 [127 pp. with many illustrations.]

ARDILLIER-CARRAS, François, & BALABANIAN, Olivier, L'Arménie: Avant-poste chrétien dans le Caucase, Grenoble: Glénat, 2003 [Preface by Charles Aznavour.]

ARIN, Engin, The voice of Turkism from behind the Iron Curtain on the occasion of the centenary anniversary of the Russian invasion of Turkestan, Istanbul: Ataturkist Cultural Publications, 1964

ARLT, Herbert, Mythologie und Gegenwart — der Kaukasus im Europäischen Bewusstsein, online paper at

"Armenia", "Azerbaijan", "Georgia", "North Caucasus", in Captive Nations in the U.S.S.R., Munich: Committee of the League for the Liberation of the Peoples of the U.S.S.R., 1963

ARMSTRONG, Thomas, A Ring has no End, London: Cassell, 1958 [A novel about Russian imperialism in the Caucasus.]

ARONSON, Howard, Georgian: A Reading Grammar, Columbus: Slavica Publishers Inc., 1990

ARROU-VIGNOD, Jean-Philippe, L'Homme du cinquième jour, Paris: Gallimard, 1997 [Novel, 331 pp. 'Octobre 1929. Le jeune ingénieur-géographe Andréï Tchinenoff, en mission cartographique dans le Caucase, voit son destin bouleversé par une étrange rencontre.']

ARTAMONOV, Mikhail Illarionovich, Istoriia Khazar ["A History of the Khazars"], Leningrad: Izd-vo Gos. Ermitazha, 1962 ['Founding father of modern Khazar studies. Researched Bronze and Iron Age settlements by the Don River, in the North Caucasus and in the Ukraine, excavating a great number of Scythian and Khazar kurgans and settlements. Early editions of this work (1937, 1939), which emphasized the enormous influence of the Khazars on the development of the early Rus' and other peoples, were denounced by the Soviet authorities, compelling Artamonov to recant in a new conclusion to his work.']

ARYS-DJANAÏEVA, Lora, & LEBEDYNSKI, Iaroslav (eds), Contes populaires ossètes (Caucase central) — textes traduits et présentés par Lora Arys-Djanaïeva et Iaroslav Lebedynski (ouvrage bilingue français-ossète), Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Voix du Caucase"), 2010

ARZHANTSEVA, Irina, "The Christianization of North Caucasus (Religious Dualism among the Alans)", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

ARZRUNI [ARTSRUNI], "Über das Vorkommen von Zinnstein und die Bronzeindustrie des Kaukasus" ["On the discovery of tin ore and the bronze industry of the Caucasus"], in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. XVI, No. 2, Berlin: Verlag von A. Asher & Co., 1884 [3 pp.]

ASATRYAN, G., DANELIAN, T., SOSSON, M., SAHAKYAN, L. & GALOYAN, G., "Radiolarian evidence for Early Cretaceous (Late Barremian-Early Aptian) submarine activity in the Tethyan oceanic realm preserved in Karabagh (Lesser Caucasus)", in Ofioliti, 36(2), 2011, pp. 117-126

ASCHAUER, Gen. A.D., Auf Schicksalwegen gen Osten — Kriegserlebniße eines deutschen Jägerregiments in Rumänien, auf der Krim und im Kaukasus ["Along fateful paths to the East: War memories of a German Jäger regiment in Rumania, the Crimea and the Caucasus"], Munster: Helios Verlag, 1926

ASCHERSON, Neal, Black Sea — The Birthplace of Civilization and Barbarism, Jonathan Cape, 1995

ASMUS, Ronald, A little war that shook the world: Georgia, Russia, and the future of the West, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010

ATABIEV, B., "La riche tombe de Zaragij dans le Caucase du Nord", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 270 — "Russie, carrefour de l'Homo Sapiens", Paris: 2002 [pp. 76-79.]

ATAYEV, D.M., Avarskie narodnye skazki ("Avar folk tales"), Moscow: Nauka, 1982 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

AUCH, Eva-Maria, Öl und Wein am Kaukasus: Deutsche Forschungsreisende, Kolonisten und Unternehmer im Vorrevolutionären Aserbaidschan, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert, 2001

AUTHIER, Gilles, Grammaire juhuri, ou judéo-tat, langue iranienne des Juifs du Caucase de l'est, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2012 [336 pp.]

AUTLEV, Malich Gaisovich, & LAVROV, Leonid Ivanovich, Kultura i byt kolkhoznogo krestianstva Adygeiskoi avtonomnoi oblasti, Leningrad: Izd. Nauka, 1964 [219 pp. Ethnographic studies of Circassian peoples of the present-day Adygea Republic of the Caucasus. Contains 10 papers: "Proshloe i nastoiscee shovgenovskogo ayda"; "Obshtie svedeniia ob abadzekhakh"; "Obscestvennoe khoziaistvo kolkhoza i prtoizvodstvennii byt kolkhoznikov"; "Poselenie i zhilisce"; "Sredstva peredvizheniia i sviazi"; "Odezhda"; "Pisca"; "Semeinii i obscestvennii byt"; "Prosvescenie; Muzika i tantsevalnoe iskusstvo"; "Narodnoe dekorativno-prikladnoe iskusstvo".]

AVALIANI, Tatiana (transl.), Anthologie des Classiques de la Poésie géorgienne, Tbilisi: Sabtchota Sakartvelo, 1979

AVALOV, Zurab, "The Caucasus since 1918", in The Slavonic Review, Vol. III, No. 8, London: Eyre & Spottiswoode for the School of Slavonic Studies, 1924

AVALOV, Zurab, The Independence of Georgia in International Politics, 1918-1921, Headley Brothers, 1940

AVIOUTSKII, Viatcheslav, Géopolitique du Caucase, Paris: Armand Colin, 2005


BABEROWSKI, Prof. Jörg, Der Feind ist überall: Stalinismus im Kaukasus, München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 2003 [888 pp.; Baberowski is Professor for Eastern European History at the Humboldt University in Berlin.]

BADALYAN, Ruben, & T. SMITH, Adam, "L'Arménie à l'âge du Bronze et à l'âge du Fer", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 38-41.]

BADDELEY, John Frederick, The Russian Conquest of the Caucasus, London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1908

BADDELEY, John Frederick, The Rugged Flanks of Caucasus, 2 volumes, Oxford: H. Milford for the Oxford University Press, 1940

BAGROW, Leo (ed.), "Italians on the Caspian", in Imago Mundi — A review of early cartography, Vol. XIII, 'S-Gravenhage (The Hague): Mouton & Co., 1956

BAIN, Robert Nisbet, Cossack Fairy Tales and Folk Tales, Selected, Edited and Translated by R. Nisbet Bain, New York: A.L. Burt, 1894

BAKAEV, Ch.H., Iaz'ik Azerbaidzhanskih Kurdov ["The Language of the Azerbaijani Kurds"], Moscow: Nauka, 1965

BAKAEVA, E.P., Buddizm v Kalmyckii — Istoriko-etnograficeskie ocerki, Elista: Kalmyckoe Kniznoe Izdatel'stvo, 1994 [127 pp.]

BAKANIDZE, Lela, SULAKVELIDZE, Alexander, SKOWRONSKI, Evan W., & O'CONNELL, Kevin P., Emerging and Endemic Pathogens [in the Caucasus and Central Asia], Springer Netherlands, 2010

BAKER, Randall, Adopting Eldar — Joy, Tragedy and Red Tape: A Unique International Adoption, Authorhouse: 2005

BAKHSALIEV, Veli, & MARRO, Catherine (eds.), The archaeology of Nakhichevan: Ten years of new discoveries, Istanbul: Ege Yayınları, 2009 [118 pp.; contents include 'The paleolithic and neolithic periods; the Chalcolithic period; the Kuro-Araxes culthure (early Bronze Age); the salt mine of Duzdagi; the painted pottery culture (middle Bronze Age); the rock-carvings of Gemikaya; the late Bronze and early Iron ages; the middle and late Iron Age cultures'.]

BAKIKHANOV, Abbas Qoli Aqa, The Heavenly Rose-Garden: A History of Shirvan and Daghestan, Washington: Mage, 2008 ['This book offers a fascinating portrait of the Caucasus at the dawn of the modern era. Written in Persian and completed in 1845, it offered the first look at the region by a native son, Abbas Qoli Aqa Bakikhanov. It remains the only dedicated history of Shirvan and Daghestan to this day and also contains a great deal of interesting information about the Caucasus in general during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Bakikhav demonstrates that despite differences in language, religion, and ethnicity, all the peoples of the Caucasus travelled a similar historical road and, to some extent, shared an identity distinct from the Ottoman Turks and Persians of adjacent, larger states. Translated for the first time into English by two eminent historians, The Heavenly Rose Garden is a mine of information for scholars studying the region and an engrossing read for anyone else. The book also includes a great deal of poetry in Persian and English.']

Bakinski rabochii teatr — Sezon 1928-1929 ["The Working Theatre of Baku — the 1928-1929 season"], Baku: 1929

BALCI, Bayram, & MOTIKA, Raoul (eds), Religion et politique dans le Caucase post-soviétique — Les traditions réinventées à l'épreuve des influences extérieures, Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose, 2007 [365 pp.]

BALINSKY, B.I., "On the plecoptera [stoneflies] of the Caucasus", London: Royal Entomological Society, 1944

BAMMAT, Haydar, Le problème du Caucase, Lausanne: 1919 [Translated into English and published in Bern the same year.]

BAMMAT, Haydar, Le Caucase et la Révolution russe, Paris: 1929 [72 pp.]

BAPST, Germain, Souvenirs du Caucase: Fouilles sur la grande chaîne, Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1885

BAPST, Germain, Souvenirs de deux missions au Caucase: notes et documents, Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1886

BAPST, Germain, Les Fouilles de Siverskaia (Caucase), Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1887

Josafat Barbaro Viaggio alla Tana e nella Persia Ramusio

BARBARO, Josafat, "Viaggio alla Tana e nella Persia", 1436, in Giovanni Battista RAMUSIO's (ed.) Delle navigationi et viaggi, Venice: 1550 (Vol. I), 1556 (Vol. III) and 1559 (Vol. II) [Ramusio's manuscript of Vol. II was destroyed by fire before he was able to send it to the printers, hence the odd sequence.]

BARBUJANI, Guido, NASIDZE, Ivane, & WHITEHEAD, Gerard N., "Genetic Diversity in the Caucasus", in Human Biology, Vol. LXVI, No. 4, 1994, pp. 639-668

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, სვანურ ხალხურ დღეობათა კალენდარი — I ტომი: ახალწლის ციკლი ["Calendar of Folk Holidays among the Svans — Vol.I: the New Year cycle"], Tbilisi: Georgian Branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, 1939

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, & CHIT'AIA, G., კართული ხალხური ორნამენტი I: ხევსურული ["Georgian Folk Ornamentation I: Khevsur"], Tbilisi: 1939

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, ივრის ფშავლები ["The Pshavs of the Iori Gorge"], Tbilisi: 1940

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, ქართველთა უძველესი სარწმუნოების ისტორიიდან ["From the history of the Georgians' most ancient beliefs"], Tbilisi: 1941

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, "The Institution of 'Modzmeoba' (adoptive brotherhood): An Aspect of the History of the Relations between Mountain and Valley Populations of Georgia", in DRAGADZE, Tamara (ed.), Kinship and Marriage in the Soviet Union, New York: Routledge, 1954

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, "Historical Roots of traditional socio-religious Monuments in the Caucasus", in Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress for Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1964, Moscow: Nauka, 1968

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, აღმოსავლეთ საქართველოს მთიანეთი ტრადიციული საზოგადოებრივ–საკულტო ძეგლები — ტომი I: ფშავი ["The traditional social and religious monuments of the mountainous areas of Eastern Georgia — Vol. I: Pshavi"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1974

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, აღმოსავლეთ საქართველოს მთიანეთი ტრადიციული საზოგადოებრივ–საკულტო ძეგლები — ტომი II.1: ხევსურეთი ["The traditional social and religious monuments of the mountainous areas of Eastern Georgia — Vol. II.1: Khevsureti"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1982

BARDAVELIDZE, Vera, აღმოსავლეთ საქართველოს მთიანეთი ტრადიციული საზოგადოებრივ–საკულტო ძეგლები — ტომი II.2: თუშეთი ["The traditional social and religious monuments of the mountainous areas of Eastern Georgia — Vol. II.2: Tusheti"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1985

BARRETT, Thomas M., At the Edge of Empire: The Terek Cossacks and the North Caucasus Frontier, 1700-1860, Boulder: Westview, 1999

BARTELS, J.A.C., Muiterij aan het Marsdiep — De tragedie van de Georgiërs op Texel, april 1945, Amsterdam: De Bataafsche Leeuw, 1986 [96 pp.; a well-illustrated account of the mutiny of Georgian troops serving in the German Army on the Dutch island of Texel in 1945.]

BARTHOLD, W., and BENNIGSEN, A., "Daghistan", in Encyclopaedia of Islam Vol. II, Leiden: E.J. Brill, London: Luzac, 1965

BARTOS-HÖPPNER, Barbara, Storm over the Caucasus — Translated by Anthea Bell, New York: H.Z. Walck, & London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, 1968

BASKE, Siegfried, "Im Kaukasus", in Fliegende Fahne, Issue 95, Verlagshaus für Volksliteratur und Kunst, 1916

BAUER, Josef Martin, Unternehmen "Elbrus" — Das kaukasische Abenteuer, 1942, Munich: Herbig, 1976

BAUMANN, Robert F., Russian-Soviet Unconventional Wars in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Afghanistan, Ft. Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1993

BAXTER, J.H., Scots in the Caucasus: A curious missionary entreprise, 1931

BAYERN, Frédéric, Contribution à l'archéologie du Caucase, Lyon: Imprimerie Pitrat ainé, 1882 [With a biographical introduction by Ernest Chantre.]

BAZORKIN, Idris, Iz t'my vekov ("Out of the Darkness of the Ages"), Grozny: Checheno-Ingushskoe Knizhnoe Izdatel'stvo, 1976

BECHHOFER, C.E., In Denikin's Russia and the Caucasus, 1919-1920, being the Record of a Journey to South Russia, the Crimea, Armenia, Georgia, and Baku in 1919 and 1920, London: Collins, 1921

BECHHOFER, C.E., A Wanderer's Log, London: Mills & Boon, 1922

BECKER, Hans, Lieder aus dem Kaukasus: Erzählende Gedichte, 1925

BEDROSIAN, Robert Gregory, The Turco-Mongol invasions and the lords of Armenia in the 13-14th centuries, Ph.D. thesis, Columbia University: 1979

BEDROSIAN, Robert Gregory, The Georgian Chronicle, New York: Sources of the Armenian Tradition, 1991

BEHAGHEL, Georg, "Die Eisen- und Manganerze Osteuropas", in Quellen und Studien (Dritte Abteilung — "Bergbau und Hüttenkunde", No. 5), Leipzig: Osteuropa-Institut in Breslau, 1922 [361 pp. with 37 ill., maps and tables.]

BEHER, Heinz (ed.), Bergmann: Erinnerungen an den Sonderverband, drei Batallione und an die Kameradschaft, Munich: self-published, 1983 [113 pp. with numerous chronologies and photographs.]

BÉLANGER, M. Charles, Voyage aux Indes-Orientales par le nord de l'Europe, les provinces du Caucase, la Géorgie, l'Arménie et la Perse pendant les années 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828 et 1829, suivi de détails topographiques , 2 volumes, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1834

BELL, James Stanislaus, Journal of a Residence in Circassia during the years 1837, 1838 and 1839, 2 volumes, London: Edward Moxton, 1840

BELOUSOV, Igor A., "Nouveaux Duvalius Delarouzée du Caucase et de l'Asie Centrale Soviétique (Col. Carabidae, Trechini)", in Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, Vol. XCVI, No. 3, 1991

BELOZEROV, V.S., "Les diasporas arménienne et grecque dans la mosaïque ethnique du Caucase du Nord", in Revue européenne des Migrations internationales (REMI), Vol. XIV, No. 3, 1998

von BENCKENDORFF, Konstantin Konstantinovich, Souvenir d'une campagne au Caucase pendant l'été de l'année 1845, Paris: Didot frères, 1858

BENDER, Friedrich, Der Kaukasus — Bergführer, Magdeburg: Deutscher Verband für Wandern, Bergsteigen und Orientierungslauf der DDR (Bezirksfachausschuss Magdeburg), 1974

BENDER, Friedrich, Digorische Kette, Magdeburg: Deutscher Verband für Wandern, Bergsteigen und Orientierungslauf der DDR (Bezirksfachausschuss Magdeburg), 1983

BENDER, Friedrich, Westkaukasus — Abchasische Kette, Magdeburg: Deutscher Verband für Wandern, Bergsteigen und Orientierungslauf der DDR (Bezirksfachausschuss Magdeburg), 1983

BENDER, Friedrich, Zentralkaukasus — Swanetische Kette — Bergtouren zwischen Elbrus und Besingi, München: J. Berg, 1991 [English translation: Classic climbs in the Caucasus — 80 selected climbs in the Elbrus and Bezingi regions of the Svanetian Range, Birmingham (AL): Menasha Ridge Press, 1992.]

BENET, Sula, Abkhasians: the long-living people of the Caucasus, New York: Holt & Rinehart, 1974

BENET, Sula, How to Live to be 100: The Life-style of the People of the Caucasus, Dial Press, 1976

BENNIGSEN, Alexandre A., "The problem of bilingualism and assimilation in the North Caucasus", in Central Asian Review, Vol. XV, No. 3

BENNIGSEN, Alexandre A., and ENDERS WIMBUSH, S., Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1980 [A history of the development of the doctrine of national communism and "proletarian nations" (as opposed to a working class) in Central Asia and the Caucasus.]

BENNIGSEN, Alexandre A., and ENDERS WIMBUSH, S., Mystics and Commissars: Sufism in the Soviet Union, London: Hurst, 1985

BENNIGSEN, Alexandre A., and ENDERS WIMBUSH, S., Muslims of the Soviet Empire, London: Hurst, 1986

BENNIGSEN, Alexandre A., and LEMERCIER-QUELQUEJAY, C., "Politics and Linguistics in Daghestan", in Socio-linguistic Perspectives on Soviet National Languages, Berlin/New York/Amsterdam: Mouton, 1985

BENSON, Claude E., Mountaineering Ventures, London: T.C. & E.C. Jack, 1928(?)

BEREGROVAIA, N.A., ISLAMOV, U., & KALANDADZE, A.N., Contributions to the Archaeology of the Soviet Union: With Special Emphasis on Central Asia, the Caucasus and Armenia, Russian Translation Series of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Vol. III, No. 1, Cambridge (MA): Peabody Museum of American Archaelogy and Ethnology

van den BERG, Helga, A grammar of Hunzib, with texts and lexicon, München: LINCOM, 1996 [400 pp.; No. 1 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

BERG, Hetty (ed.), Facing West: Oriental Jews of Central Asia and the Caucasus, Zwolle: Waanders, 1977 [128 pp. Catalogue of an exhibition held at the Russian Museum of Ethnography, St Petersburg, and at Joods Historisch Museum, Amsterdam.]

van den BERGHE, Louis, & JOFFROY, René, "Bronzes d'Iran-Luristan et du Caucase", in Évocations métallurgiques, Vol. XIII, Paris: Le Bronze industriel, 1973

von BERGMANN, Benjamin Fürchtegott Balthasar, Nomadische Streifereien unter den Kalmucken in den Jahren 1802 und 1803 ["Nomadic Wanderings among the Kalmuks in 1802-3"], Riga: Ghartmenn(?), 1804-5

BERIA, Lavrentii, The history of the Bolshevik organisation of the Trans-Caucasus in the period of the First Russian Revolution, 1905-07, London: Modern Books, 1935

BERMAN, Michael, The Shamanic Themes in Armenian Folktales, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars, 2008

BERMAN, Michael, Shamanic Journeys Through the Caucasus, Ropley: O Books, 2009

BERMAN, Michael, Georgia Through Its Folktales, Ropley: O Books, 2010

BERMAN, Michael, Shamanic Journeys Through Daghestan, Ropley: O Books, 2010

BERMAN, Michael, Guided Visualizations Through the Caucasus, Pendraig: 2014

BERNARD, Paul, "Diodore XVII, 83, I: Alexandrie du Caucase ou Alexandrie de l'Oxus?", in Journal des Savants, July-December 1982

BERNOVILLE, Raphaël, La Souanétie libre: Épisode d'un voyage à la chaîne centrale du Caucase, Paris: Vve A. Morel & Cie, 1875

BERTHELOT, Amour-Auguste-Louis-Joseph (le Baron de Baye), "Au sud de la chaîne du Caucase (souvenirs de voyage)", in Bulletin de la Société de Géographie Commerciale du Havre (Jan. 1898-Dec. 1899), Le Havre: 1898

BERTHELOT, Amour-Auguste-Louis-Joseph (le Baron de Baye), Souvenirs d’une mission, en Abkhazie, en Crimée, en Géorgie, en Lituanie, en Nouvelle Russie, en Petite Russie, au nord de la chaîne du Caucase, Paris: Nilsson, 1899

BERTHELOT, Amour-Auguste-Louis-Joseph (le Baron de Baye), La beauté — Légende géorgienne, traduite et publiée pour la première fois en français, Paris: Nilsson, 1900

BESBORODKO, N.I., "Serpentinzug, seine Chromeisenerze und Nebengesteine im Maikoper Distrikt des Kubangebietes (Nord-Kaukasus)", in Izv. Aleks. Donsk. Politekhn. Inst., Vol. II, Pt. 2, Novocherkassk: 1913 [In Russian with German summary.]

BESLENEY, Zeynel Abidin, The Circassian Diaspora in Turkey: A Political History, London: Taylor Francis, 2014 ['This book explores the prominent role Circassians played during the Turco-Greek War or the Turkish National Liberation War of 1919-1922, and examines the changing nature of Circassians relations with the Turkish and Russian states, as well as the new actors of Caucasian politics such as the US, the EU, and Georgia. ']

de BESSE, Jean-Charles, Voyage en Crimée, au Caucase, en Géorgie, en Arménie, en Asie-Mineure et à Constantinople, en 1829 et 1830, Paris: Delaunay, 1838

BESTUŽEV, Aleksandr Aleksandrovič, Kaukasus, Berger, 1848

BESTUŽEV, Aleksandr Aleksandrovič, & LÖBENSTEIN, Philipp, Kaukasus — Mullah-Nur, 1848

BEUCLER, André, Caucase, Paris: Émile-Paul Frères, 1931

BGAZHBA, Kh.S., Abkhazskie skazki ("Abkhaz tales"), Sukhumi: Alashara, 1985 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

BIDAULT DE L'ISLE, G., La mission de la Société astronomique de France au Caucase pour l’observation de l’éclipse totale de Soleil du 19 juin 1936, Paris: Société Astronomique de France, 1937

BIERBAUM, Paul Willi, Streifzüge im Kaukasus und in Hocharmenien, Zurich: Art Institut Orell Füssli, 1913

BIERBRAUER, Volker, "Ethnos und Mobilität im 5. Jahrhundert aus archäologischer Sicht: vom Kaukasus bis Niederösterreich", in Abhandlungen der Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Philosophisch-Historische Klasse), Vol. CXXXI, München: Verl. der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2008 [129 pp.]

BIGLAND, Eileen, Laughing Odyssey, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1937

BISCIONE, Raffaele, "Le bassin du lac Savan à l'âge du Fer", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 58-60.]

BITOV, Andrei, A Captive of the Caucasus, New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1992

BITTRICH, Friedrich Otto, Orient ohne Schleier: Mit 20 PS auf Umwegen zum Persischen Golf (mit 62 Abbildungen und 4 Karten) ["The Orient without a Veil: with 20 horsepower off the beaten track to the Persian Gulf"], Berlin: Safari, 1941

BLANCH, Lesley, The Sabres of Paradise, London: John Murray, 1960

BLÄSING, Uwe, "Arm. p`ilunc` vs. laz. bilonc-, grg. blenc-: Ein Beitrag zu den Bezeichnungen von Farnen (Pteropsida) im Kaukasus und Anatolien", in Studia Etymologica Cracoviensia, Vol. VI, 2001

BLÄSING, Uwe, "Birnennamen aus Hemşin: Vorarbeiten zur Feststellung und Beschreibung der Birnenarten und ihrer regionalen Namen im östlichen Schwarzmeergebiet", in Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. VIII, No. 1, 2004

BLAUVELT, Timothy K., "Military-Civil Administration and Islam in the North Caucasus, 1858–83", in Kritika, Vol. XI, No. 2, 2010, pp. 221-55

BLEICHSTEINER, Prof. Robert, "Die werschikisch-burischkische Sprache im Pamirgebiet und ihre Stellung zu den Japhetitensprachen des Kaukasus", in KOPPERS, Wilhelm (ed.), Wiener Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Linguistik — Veröffentlichungen des Institutes für Völkerkunde an der Universität Wien, Vol. I, Vienna: Institut für Völkerkunde an der Universität, 1930

BLEICHSTEINER, Prof. Robert, "Roßweihe und Pferderennen im Totenkult der kaukasischen Völker" ["The consecration and racing of horses in the funerary practices of the Caucasian peoples"], in KOPPERS, Wilhelm (ed.), Die Indogermanen- und Germanenfrage: Neue Wege zu ihrer Lösung (Vol. IV of the Wiener Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Linguistik — Veröffentlichungen des Institutes für Völkerkunde an der Universität Wien), Vienna: Institut für Völkerkunde an der Universität, 1936

BLEY, Hans, "Unter den Bergriesen des Kaukasus" ["Among the mountain giants of the Caucasus"], in Der Landser — Erlebnisberichte zur Geschichte des 2. Weltkriegs, No. 432, Rastatt: Pabel, [date unknown] [61 pp.]

BLUME, Helmut, Zum Kaukasus 1941-1942, aus Tagebuch und Briefen eines jungen Artilleristen, Narr, 1993

BLUMENTHAL, M.M. Kaaden, & VAN DER VLODAVETZ, V.I., Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes of the World Including Solfatara Fields, Rome: International Association of Volcanology, 1964 [Part XVII: 'Turkey and the Caucasus']

BLUTH, Christoph, US Foreign Policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia: Politics, Energy and Security, London: I.B. Tauris, 2014 ['Examining US policy from Clinton to Obama and drawing on interviews with leading figures in the US administration, this study presents the first systematic analysis of US policy towards the Caspian states.']

BOCHORIDZE, G., თუშეთი ["Tusheti"], Tbilisi: 1993

BOCK, J.H., JOLLS, C.L., & LEWIS, A.C., "The Effects of Grazing on Alpine Vegetation: A Comparison of the Central Caucasus, Republic of Georgia, with the Colorado Rocky Mountains, U.S.A.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXVII, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1995

von BODE, Wilhelm, & KUHNEL, Ernst, Antique Rugs from the Near East, London: G. Bell and Sons, 1970 [With chapter on rugs from the Caucasus.]

BODENSTEDT, Friedrich, Die Völker des Kaukasus und ihre Freiheitskämpfe gegen die Russen — Ein Beitrag zur neuesten Geschichte des Orients, mit sieben Tafeln (Originallithographien) und eine Vignette, Frankfurt am Main: Hermann Johann Keßler, 1848 [572 pp.; 'Erster Buch. Der Kaukasus und seine Bewohner (Kartwel, Misdshéghi, Dido, türkische Race, Tataren, armenische Race, abchasische und tscherkessische Stämme, Kabader, Osseten, Kosakenstämme). Zweites Buch. Die Weisen des Kaukasus und die Freiheitskämpfe im Daghestan (Die Vision des Hadis Ismail. Die Sufi`s und die Muriden. Mullah-Mohammed, der Murschid von Jarach. Tarku und Burnaja. Die Schlacht bei Himry. Imam Schamyl. Hadshi-Murad der Abrék. Anhang. Zur Geschichte des kaukasischen Krieges in den Jahren 1840-1842 u.a.']

BODENSTEDT, Friedrich, Ada die Lesghierin — Ein Gedicht, Berlin: Verlag der Deckerschen Geheimen Ober-Hofbuchdruckerei, 1853 [333 pp.]

BOGASHIAN, Hovagen O., Rugs of the Caucasus and Turkestan, Oakland: Amtorg Trading Corp. [the Soviet state trading company for Oriental rugs], 1929

BOHSE, Daniel, "Ahndung einer „zweiten Front“ im Kaukasus? Die Deportation der Tschetschenen und Inguschen in den Jahren 1942-1945 und die Mär von der kollektiven Kollaboration mit dem deutschen Aggressor" ["Revenge for a "Second Front" in the Caucasus? The Deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush between 1942 and 1945 and the Myth of Collective Collaboration with the German Aggressor"], in Hallische Beiträge zur Zeitgeschichte (9), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, 2001

BOKAREV, E.A., et al., Vopros'i izucheniia iberinsko-kavkazskih iaz'ikov ["Problems of Study of Ibero-Caucasian Languages"], Moscow: Akademii Nauk, 1961 [281 pp. Includes c. 25 pp. of Hunzib-Russian (Gunzidskii) and Russian-Hunzib vocabulary.]

BONVALOT, Gabriel, Du Caucase aux Indes à travers le Pamir, Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit & Cie, 1888

BOPP, Franz, Die kaukasischen Glieder des indoeuropäischen Sprachstamms: Gelesen in der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften am 11. December 1842, Berlin: Dümmler, 1847

BORCHARDT, A., Aus dem Kaukasus, Deutsche Landwirtschafts-gesellschaft, 1907

BORDZANOVA, Tamara, Magiceskaja poezija Kalmykov — Issledovanie i materialy, Elista: Kalmyckoe Kniznoe Izdatel'stvo, 1999 [191 pp.]

BOROZDIN, K.A., "Serfdom in Megrelia" (Krepostnoe sostoianie v Mingrelii), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol.7, Tiflis: 1866

BOSLEY, Keith (ed.), Poetry of Asia, New York: Weatherhill, 1979 [315 pp.; contains some oral literature from the Caucasus.]

BOUATCHIDZÉ, Gaston, L'anneau à chiffre — Les aventures d'Alexandre Dumas en Russie et au Caucase, Paris: Hermann, 2004

BOUDA, Karl, Lakkische Studien; Bibliothek der Allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft; Dritte Reihe, Darstellungen und Untersuchungen aus Einzelnen Sprachen, Heidelberg: Carl Winter - Universitätsverlag, 1949

BOUDA, Karl, "Baskisch-Kaukasische Etymologien", Heidelberg: Carl Winter - Universitätsverlag, 1949 [55 pp.]

BOUDJIKANIAN, A., "Les arméniens de Turquie, d'Iran et du Liban", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 106-111.]

BOULANGIER, Edgar, La traversée du Caucase par la route militaire du Darial, Tours: E. Arrault, 1887

BRADLEY, Michael Anderson, Chosen People from the Caucasus: Jewish origins, delusions, deceptions and historical role in the slave trade, genocide and cultural colonization, Third World Press, 1992

BRAILISHVILI, Vera, Georgia As I Saw It: Ethnographic Sketches, Tbilisi: Khelovneba, 1990

BRALY, Adrien, Rapport sur les mines d'Allah-verdi, Tchamlouck, Aktala (Caucase) appartenant à la Société des mines d'Aktala, Paris: Société anonyme de l'imprimerie Kugelmann, 1897

BRAUND, D., Georgia in Antiquity, Oxford University Press, 1994

BREGADZE, Nelli Aleksandrovna, Mt'is micat'mok'medeba dasavlet' Sak'art'velosi (Memindvreoba Raca-Lec'xumis et'nograp'iuli masalebis mixedvit') ["Mountain Agriculture in Western Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi)"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1969 [285 pp. Ethnographic & ethnobotanical study of traditional peasant wheat farming in Racha & Lechchumi regions.]

BRERETON, Frederick Sadleir, The Armoured-Car Scouts: A tale of the campaign in the Caucasus, 1918

BREUSTE, Jürgen, & MALICH, Burkhard, Reisen im Kaukasus: Berichte aus dem 19. Jahrhundert, Koehler & Amelang, 1987

BREYFOGLE, Nicholas B., Heretics and Colonizers — Forging Russia's Empire in the South Caucasus, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005

BROOK, Kevin Alan, The Jews of Khazaria, New Jersey: Jason Aronson, 1999

BROOK, Stephen, The Claws of the Crab: Georgia and Armenia in Crisis, London: Sinclair-Stephenson, 1992

BROSSET, Marie, Histoire de la Géorgie de l'Antiquité jusqu'au XIXe Siècle, Académie des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 1849-58

BROTHERUS, Arvid Hjalmar, Från Kaukasus till Libanon: Rese minnen, 1883

BROTHERUS, V.F., Études sur la distribution des mousses au Caucase, Helsingfors: J.C.Frenckell, 1884 [104 pp.]

BROUGH, Major-General A., "Notes on the British Occupation of the Caucasus During 1919", in the 1938 edition of the Journal of the Royal Engineers, Chatham: The Royal Engineers, 1938

BROWER, Daniel R., and LAZZERINI, Edward J. (eds), Russia's Orient: Imperial Borderlands and Peoples, 1700-1917, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997

BROXUP, Marie Bennigsen (ed.), The North Caucasus barrier — The Russian advance toward the Muslim world, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992

de BRUIN, C. (Dutch painter), Voyages au Levant, Delft: 1700

de BRUIN, C. (Dutch painter), Voyages dans la Moscovie et la Perse, 2 volumes, Amsterdam: 1718, and 5 volumes, Paris: 1725

BRUNNER, Ursula, KÜHN, Michael, & LEDIG, Georg (eds.), Kaukasus — Die Geschichte der Ersten Deutschen Arbeiter-Kaukasus-Expedition 1932 — Münchner und Dresdner Arbeiter-Bergsteiger in der Sowjetunion, Buchendorfer, 2002

BRYCE, James, Transcaucasia and Ararat, being Notes of a Vacation Tour in the Autumn of 1876, London: MacMillan, 1877

BRYER, Antony, Peoples and Settlement in Anatolia and the Caucasus, 800-1900, Ashgate Publishing Co., 1988

BUCHAN, John (ed.), The Baltic and Caucasian States, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1928

BUCHAN TELFER, J. (ed.), The Bondage and Travels of Johann Schiltberger, a Native of Bavaria, in Europe, Asia, and Africa, 1396-1427, Oxford: Hakluyt Society, 1878 [263 pp.; translated from the Heidelberg MS edited in 1859 by Professor Karl Friedrich Neumann, by Commander J. Buchan Telfer, R.N., F.S.A., F.R.G.S.; with Notes by Professor P. Bruun of the Imperial University of South Russia, at Odessa; and a Preface, Introduction and Notes by the Translator and Editor; see also GRÄSSEL, Rose, below.]

BUCHANAN, Donna, SOLIS, Gabriel, TURINO, Thomas, TEMPEST, Richard & KIPP, Natasha, "Organological geopolitics and the Balaban of Azerbaijan: comparative musical dialogues concerning a double-reed aerophone of the post-Soviet Caucasus", Doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2012

BUCHNER, Alex, Vom Eismeer bis zum Kaukasus: Die Deutsche Gebirgstruppe im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 1941/42, Dörfler, 2001 [Perhaps a later version of Buchner's Der Bergkrieg im Kaukasus: Die deutsche Gebirgstruppe 1942, Dorheim: Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, 1977?]

von BUDBERG-BENNINGHAUSEN, Roman, Aus dem Kaukasus, Berlin: Buchhandlung des Berliner Lesekabinets, 1843

BUGAJSKI, Janusz, Conflict Zones: North Caucasus and Western Balkans compared, Washington D.C.: Jamestown Foundation, 2014

BULAYEVA, Kazima B., LEAL, Suzanne M., PAVLOVA, Tatiana A., KURBANOV, Ruslan M., GLATT, Stephen J., BULAYEV, Oleg A., & TSUANG, Ming T., "Mapping genes of complex psychiatric diseases in Daghestan genetic isolates", in American Journal of Medical Genetics part B, 132B(1), 2004

BULLOCK, Alan, Hitler and Stalin — Parallel Lives, London: HarperCollins, 1991

BULLOUGH, Oliver, Let Our Fame Be Great: Journeys among the defiant people of the Caucasus, London: Allen Lane, 2010

BUNAK, V.V., DEBETS, G.F., & LEVIN, M.G., Contributions to the physical anthropology of the Soviet Union, Cambridge (MA): Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology & Harvard University Press, 1960 [192 pp.; contents: Anthropological Composition of the Population of the Caucasus; Craniology of the Caucasus; Preliminary Data on the Anthropological Investigations of the Georgian People; Contributions to the Anthropology of the Georgian People; Contribution to the Paleoanthropology of the Samthavro Graves; Anthropological Investigations in Daghestan; Some Material on the Anthropology of the Nationalities of Daghestan; Anthropology of the Avars; Anthropolgical Type of Lezghians; The Eastern Kazakhstan Expedition, 1952; Method & Program of Study of Descriptive Characters in Anthropology & the Necessity for their Revision; Paleoanthropology of the Forest Tribes of the Northern Altai; South Siberian Anthropological Type; Ethnic Compositon of the Countries of Southwestern Asia.]

BURDETT, A.L. (ed.), Caucasian Boundaries: Documents and Maps, 1802-1946, Slough: Archive Editions, 1996

BURDS, Jeffrey, "The Soviet War against 'Fifth Columnists': The Case of Chechnya, 1942-4", in Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. XLII, No. 2, 2007, pp. 267-314

BURNEY, Charles, & LANG, David Marshall, The Peoples of the Hills — Ancient Ararat and Caucasus, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1971

BURNHAM, Dorothy K., Unlike the Lilies — Doukhobor textile traditions in Canada, Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1986 [102 pp.; the art of Doukhobors who moved to Canada from the Caucasus: textiles, spinning, weaving, clothing, household linen, bedlinen, &c.]

BUSCH, N.A., "Chewsurien und Tuschetien", in Petermann's Mitteilungen, Vol. LII, Gotha: 1906

BUSCHHAUSEN, Heide, & BUSCHHAUSEN, Helmut, Die illuminierten armenischen Handschriften der Mechitharisten-Congregation in Wien, Vienna: Mechitharisten-Buchdruckerei, 1976

BUTTLER, Monika, Die Kaukasus-Kost der Hundertjährigen — Rezepte für ein langes Leben ["The Caucasian cuisine of hundred-year-olds — Recipes for a long life"], Berlin: Urania, 1999 [79 pp.]

BUXTON, Anthony, Travelling Naturalist, London: Collins, 1948 [The author describes 'a good deal of natural history mixed up with various forms of sport, such as fishing, hunting, shooting, stalking, tracking, etc.' not only in his native Norfolk but also in Essex and Hampshire and during travels through the Pyrenees, Scandinavia and the Caucasus.]

BUXTON, Harold Jocelyn, Trans-Caucasia, London: Faith Press, 1926

BYHAN, Arthur, "Die Kaukasischen Völker", in Dr G. Buschan's Illustrierte Völkerkunde, Vol. II, Pt. 2, Stuttgart: 1922-26

BYHAN, Arthur, La civilisation caucasienne, Paris: Payot, 1936


CAILLOT, Lucien, "Cinq cheminots de France au Caucase — à l'assaut de l'Elbrouz où aucun Français n'était monté depuis 1904", in Sciences et voyages, 3e série, No. 160, 1959 [Illustrated article.]

"Camels in the High Caucasus", in Travel, October 1935

CAMPANA, Aurélie, DUFAUD, Grégory, & TOURNON, Sophie (eds), Les déportations en héritage — Les peuples réprimés du Caucase et de Crimée hier et aujourd’hui, Rennes: Presses Universitaires, 2010

CAMPANA, Cesare, Compendio historico, delle guerre ultimamente successe tra Christiani, & Turchi, & tra Turchi, & Persiani: nel quale particolarmente si descrivono quelle fatte in Ungheria, & Transilvania, fino al presente anno MDXCVII, Venice: Altobello Salicato & Giacomo Vincenti, 1597 [gives an account of the rivalry between the Persian and Ottoman empires in the Caucasus in the late XVIth century]

CANCELLARIUS, Gualterus [Eng.: "Walter the Chancellor"; Fr.: "Gautier, Chancelier d'Antioche"], Bella Antiochena ["The Antiochene Wars"], 2 Vols, written 1115-1119 (Vol. I), 1119- (Vol. II) [Vol. II includes a contemporary account of the Battle of Didgori; published in English: ASBRIDGE, Thomas S., & EDGINGTON, Susan B., Walter the Chancellor’s 'The Antiochene Wars' — A translation and commentary, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 1999]

CAPALBO, Carla, Tasting Georgia: A Food and Wine Journey in the Caucasus, London: Pallas Athene, 2017

CARACI, G., The Italian Cartographers of the Benicasa and Freducci Families and the so-called Borgiana Map of the Vatican Library, in Imago Mundi Vol. X, 1953

CARLI, Joh. Rinaldi, De expeditione Argonautorum in Colchidem, 2 volumes, Venice: 1745

CAROL, Jean, Colonisation russe — Les deux routes du Caucase: Notes d'un touriste, Paris: Hachette, 1899

CARTIER-BRESSON, Henri, À propos de l'U.R.S.S., Paris: Chêne, 1973

CARTLAND, Barbara, As Eagles Fly, London: Macmillan, 1975 ['The handsome and aristocratic, thirty-five year old diplomat Lord Athelstan knows that he is heading for trouble on his mission to the Caucasus to investigate how long the legendary Shamyl, the Imam of Daghestan, can hold out against the invading Russians. But little does he expect to be faced with another kind of conflict—with a beautiful young hostage imprisoned in the Imam s stronghold. The lovely Natasha is only nineteen and she was seized along with a Royal party by the Imam s followers and held to ransom against the release of the Imam's only son by the Russians. Orphaned, she has no hope of raising a ransom and instead has reluctantly agreed to be given to the Sultan of Turkey as a wife for his vast harem in return for the release of her nine-year-old brother. The Imam implores Lord Athelstan to escort Natasha safely to Constantinople—a favour he cannot grant lest it anger the Russians and compromise Great Britain. But then he meets her—undoubtedly the most glorious woman he has ever seen, with fire in her eyes, when he informs her that he cannot agree to Shamyl's request. Ultimately Natasha gives him no choice and, when she appears among his party in disguise, Lord Athelstan is furious. Soon their mutual hatred turns to all-consuming love—a love surely doomed by Natasha's pledge to sacrifice herself to the Sultan's harem for the sake of her brother.']

CARTLAND, Barbara, A Heart Finds Love,, 2013 ['The beautiful Alnina Lester is confronted with a formidable task when her brother, Lord Lester, dies after fighting a duel in Paris. She finds that he has accumulated an enormous number of debts, and to meet his creditors everything in their house, which has been in the Lester family for generations, has to be sold. Even though she has sold a great number of treasures, she is still short of money. Alnina goes round the house to see what else she can find to sell. In her mother's bedroom she sees her extraordinary and unusual wedding dress, which her father had found in China. Exquisitely embroidered, it was decorated with diamante and many precious stones. She decides she would ask what seems to her a very large sum for it and advertises it in The Times. The advertisement is seen by the Duke of Burlingford, who is planning to visit Prince Vladimir Petrov in Georgia with his friend William Armstrong. They had been there several years earlier and found gold in one of the tall mountains of the Caucasus before the Duke through two unexpected deaths, succeeded to his title. William warns him that Prince Vladimir is determined to marry his daughter to an English Nobleman and it would therefore be dangerous for him to visit Tiflis in case he was forced by some means or other up the aisle with the Princess. How the Duke concocts a plan and answers the advertisement for the wedding dress. How he finds that Alnina can speak Russian fluently. And how he begs her to go out with him to Tiflis and then encounters a different danger but a very menacing one that leads them both eventually to their hearts' desire is all told in this intriguing adventure.']

CARZOU, Jean-Marie, Arménie 1915, un génocide exemplaire, Paris: Flammarion, 1975 [252 pp.]

CASTAGNE, Joseph, "Russie slave et Russie turque: les chances d'une politique islamique allemande", in Revue du Monde Musulman, Vol. LVI (Dec. 1923), Paris: Editions Ernest Leroux, 1923

CATFORD, J.C., "Mountain of Tongues: The Languages of the Caucasus", in Annual Review of Anthropology, 6, 1977

CATFORD, J.C., "The Circassian Orthography of Harun Batequ", & "Some Questions of N.W. Caucasian Phonetics and Phonology", in ÖZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

Caucasia, Issue 54 of Handbooks prepared under the direction of the Historical Section of the Foreign Office, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1920

"Caucasus Week", in PALME DUTT, R. (ed.), Labour Monthly (August 1937), International Labour, 1947

CAVELIUS, Alexandra, Die Zeit der Wölfe — Eine tschetschenische Familie erzählt, Berlin: Ullstein, 2002 [399 pp.]

CAZACU, Mateï, Au Caucase — Russes et Tchétchènes, récits d'une guerre sans fin, Genève: Géorg, 1998

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CHANTRE, Ernest, Recherches paléoethnologiques dans la Russie méridionale et spécialement au Caucase et en Crimée, Lyon: Henri Georg, 1881

CHANTRE, Ernest, Rapport sur une mission scientifique dans l'Asie occidentale et spécialement dans les régions de l'Ararat et du Caucase, Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1883

CHANTRE, Ernest, L'âge des nécropoles préhistoriques du Caucase renfermant des crânes macrocéphales, Lisbon: 1884

CHANTRE, Ernest, Les Dolmens du Caucase, Paris: Ch. Reinwald, 1885

CHANTRE, Ernest, Recherches anthropologiques dans le Caucase, 4 volumes and atlas, Paris: Ch. Reinwald, & Lyon: Henri Georg, 1885-87 [Vol. I Période préhistorique; vol. II Période protohistorique; vol. III Période historique; vol. IV Populations actuelles.]

CHANTRE, Ernest, De Beyrouth à Tiflis, Paris: Hachette, 1889

CHANTRE, Ernest, Les Tats de la vallée inférieure de la Koura, Lyon: Imprimerie de Pitrat aîné, 1891

CHANTRE, Ernest, La bijouterie caucasienne de l'époque scytho-byzantine, Lyon: Imprimerie de A. Rey, 1892

CHANTRE, Ernest, Nouvelles observations anthropométriques sur les Lesghiens, Lyon: Imprimerie de A. Rey, 1892

CHANTRE, Ernest, Origine et ancienneté du premier Âge du Fer au Caucase, Lyon: 1892

CHANTRE, Ernest, Rapport sur une mission scientifique en Arménie russe, Paris: E. Leroux, 1893

CHANTRE, Ernest, Recherches anthropologiques dans l'Asie occidentale: missions scientifiques en Transcaucasie, Asie mineure et Syrie, 1890-1894, Lyon: Henri Georg, 1895

CHANTRE, Ernest, Les Arméniens: Esquisse historique et ethnographique, Lyon: Henri Georg, 1896

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Travail et mort dans la montagne géorgienne", in L’Ethnographie No. 54, 1960

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, Le système religieux de la Géorgie païenne — Analyse structurale d’une civilisation, Paris: François Maspero, 1968 [Reprinted by La Découverte, 2001.]

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, Introduction à l’étude de la féodalité géorgienne: le Code de Georges le Brillant, Paris: Librairie Droz, 1971

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "L’aigle en clé d’eau: un exemple d’inversion conservante", in IZARD, Michel & SMITH, Pierre (eds), La Fonction Symbolique, Paris: Gallimard, 1979

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, Grammaire de la langue avar: langue du Caucase Nord-Est, Saint-Sulpice-de-Favières: Jean-Favard, 1981

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Géorgie — La religion et les mythes des Géorgiens de la montagne", in BONNEFOY, Yves (ed.), Dictionnaire des mythologies et des religions des sociétés traditionnelles et du monde antique, Paris: Flammarion, 1981

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Arménie — La religion et les mythes", in BONNEFOY, Yves (ed.), Dictionnaire des mythologies et des religions des sociétés traditionnelles et du monde antique, Paris: Flammarion, 1981

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Caucase du Nord", in BONNEFOY, Yves (ed.), Dictionnaire des mythologies et des religions des sociétés traditionnelles et du monde antique, Paris: Flammarion, 1981

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Les Ossètes", in BONNEFOY, Yves (ed.), Dictionnaire des mythologies et des religions des sociétés traditionnelles et du monde antique, Paris: Flammarion, 1981

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, Prométhée ou le Caucase, Paris: Flammarion, 1986

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, La Mémoire indo-européenne du Caucase, Paris: Hachette, 1987

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Types de Vendetta au Caucase", in VERDIER, R. (ed.), La Vengeance, CNRS, Vol. II, Paris (reprinted as "Systèmes vindicatoires caucasiens" in La Revue du Mauss, No. 7, 1990)

CHARACHIDZÉ, Georges, "Le dernier dictionnaire de la langue oubykh", in OZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

CHARDIN, Jean, The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East Indies, through the Black Sea and the Country of Colchis, London: Moses Pitt, 1686

de CHARENCEY, Hyacinthe, "Des affinités des langues transgangétiques avec les langues du Caucase", in Mémoires de l'Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Caen, Caen: A. Hardel, 1862 ['Notre travail prouvera, sinon la parenté originelle du Tibétain et du Chinois avec le Tcherkesse et le Géorgien, au moins l'existence de rapports intimes ayant dû exister entre ces divers groupes linguistiques, à une époque vraisemblablement antérieure aux plus anciens souvenirs de l'histoire profane et de la chronologie.']

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, Socio-Cultural Transformation and Foodways in the Republic of Georgia, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 1997

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, "La transition des morts en Géorgie caucasienne", in Bastidiana: Cuisine, Alimentation, Métissages, no. 31-32, 2000

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, "Tamadoba — Drinking Social Cohesion at the Georgian Table", in de GARINE, Igor, & de GARINE, Valérie (eds), Drinking — Anthropological Approaches, New York & Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2001

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, "Child Sexual Abuse in the Caucasus Countries", in Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2004

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, "Childhood: Pre-Modern and Modern Practices: Caucasus", in Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2004

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, & KIKODZE, Zaal, "Foodways in rapid transition", in Culinary Cultures of Europe: Identity, Diversity and Dialogue, Brussels: Council of Europe, 2005

CHATWIN, Mary Ellen, & SULEIMANOV, Mamed, "Women, Gender and Food Preparation in the Caucasus", in Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2004

CHAUDHRI, Anna, "The Caucasian Hunting-Divinity, Male and Female: Traces of the Hunting-Goddess in Ossetic Folklore", in BILLINGTON, S., & GREEN, M. (eds), The Concept of the Goddess, London and New York: Routledge, 1996

CHAVCHAVADZE, Paul, Mountains of Allah, New York: Doubleday, 1952

CHELEBI, Evliya, Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa, London: Oriental Translation Fund, 1834-50

CHENCINER, Robert, Daghestan — Tradition and Survival, RoutledgeCurzon, 1997

CHENCINER, Robert, Madder Red — A History of Luxury and Trade, RoutledgeCurzon, 2000

CHENCINER, Robert, Kaitag: Textile Art from Daghestan, London: 1993

CHENCINER, Robert, Textiles of Daghestan, London: Mimar, 1990

CHENCINER, Robert, "Hospitality and the Ram-gut Sausage", in World Gastronomy Journal, 1989

CHENCINER, Robert, & SALMANOV, E., "Little-known Aspects of North East Caucasian Mountain Ram and Other Dishes", in Oxford Symposium on Food & Cookery, London: Prospect, 1987

CHENCINER, Robert (ed.), MAGOMEDKHANOV, M., & LUGUEV S., "Traditional Table Manners in Daghestan", in Oxford Symposium on Food & Cookery, London: Prospect, 1989

CHERCHI, Marcello, Georgian, München: LINCOM, 1999 [60 pp.; No. 147 of the "Languages of the World/Materials" series.]

CHERCHI, Marcello, & MANNING, Paul, "Disciplines and Nations: Niko Marr vs. His Georgian Students on Tbilisi State University and the Japhetidology/Caucasology Schism", in The Carl Beck Papers in Russiand & East European Studies, No. 1603, 2002

CHIBRET, Paul, À travers l'Allemagne, la Russie et le Caucase, Clermont-Ferrand: G. Mont-Louis, 1898

CHIKOVANI, M.J., "Amiraniani, a Georgian Epic", in Folklore, Vol. LXXIII, London: The Folklore Society, 1962

CHIKOVANI, M.J., "The Figure of Amirani (the Bound Hero) in Colcho-Iberian Folklore", paper presented to the 7th International Congress of Anthropological Sciences, Moscow, August 3-10, 1964

CHIKOVANI, M.J., "Ancient Colchic and Iberian Mythological Characters in Georgian Poetic Folklore", paper presented to the 9th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Chicago, August-September 1973

CHIRIKBA, Viacheslav A., "Distribution of Abkhaz Dialects in Turkey", in ÖZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

CHIRIKBA, Viacheslav A., Abkhaz, München: LINCOM, 2003 [88 pp.; No. 119 of the "Languages of the World/Materials" series.]

CHIRKOV, D., Dekorativnoe Iskusstvo Dagestana ["Decorative Art from Daghestan"], Moscow: Sovietsky Khudozhnik, 1971 [277 pp. with maps and 160 ills.; introduction by Rasul Gamzatov.]

CHIT'AIA, G., "The Svanian Sakurtskhil", in Georgica, Vol. I, No. 1, London: 1935

CHIT'AIA, G. (ed.), საქართველოს ისტორიულ–ეთნოგრაფიული ატლასი ["Historical and Ethnographical Atlas of Georgia"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1980 (reprint)

CHOPOURIAN, Giragos H., Our Armenian Christian Heritage, Philadelphia: Armenian Evangelical Union of America, Eastern States and Canada, 1962

CHORNY, Joseph Judah, Sefer ha-masa'ot be-erets kavkaz uva-medinot asher me-'ever le-kavkaz u-ketsat medinot aherot be-negev rusya mi-shenat 5627 ? ad shenat 5635, St Petersburg: Ha-Hevrah Le-Harbot Haskalah Etsel Yehude Rusya, 1884

CHRYSANTHOPOULOS, Leonidas, Caucasus Chronicles: Nation-Building and Diplomacy in Armenia, 1993-1994, London: Gomidas Institute, 2002 [200pp.; 'A [Greek] ambassador recounts his adventures in Armenia in 1993-94 and describes European Union policy making and his dealings with government officials, fellow diplomats, and Armenians of Greek origin.']

CHUENKOV, V.S., & VLASOV, V.P., "Snow Avalanches and Forest Interaction in the Alpine Region of the Caucasus, U.S.S.R.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

CHURSIN, G., "Customs and Beliefs in Kakhetia" (Narodnie obichai i verovania Kakhetii), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. XXV, No. 2, St Petersburg: 1905

CHURSIN, G., Sketches on the Ethnology of the Caucasus (Ocherki po etnologii Kavkaza), Tiflis: 1913

CHURSIN, G., "Les Kurdes d'Azerbaidjan (Remarques ethnographiques" (Azerbaidjanskie Kurdi — Etnograficheskie zametki), in Izvestia of the G.H.A.I., Vol. III, Tiflis: 1925

CHURSIN, G., "Ethnography of the Caucasus: The Present State and Problems" (Etnografia Kavkaza: Sovremenoe sostoianie i zadachi), in Novi Vostok, Vol. XV, Moscow: 1926

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of Fire among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult ognia u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vols 1-3, Tiflis: 1926

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of Trees and Woods among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult dereva i lesa u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vols 1-3, Tiflis: 1926

CHURSIN, G., "Les Talyches: Remarques ethnographiques" (Talishi — Etnograficheskie zametki), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. IV, Tiflis: 1928

CHURSIN, G., "The Veneration of Mountains, Rocks and Stones among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Pochitanie gor, skal i kamnei u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. IV, Tiflis: 1928

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of Water among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult vodi u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. IV, Tiflis: 1928

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of Hunting among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult okhoti u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. V, Tiflis: 1929

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of Earth among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult zemli u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. V, Tiflis: 1929

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of the Dog among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult sobaki u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. V, Tiflis: 1929

CHURSIN, G., "Ploughing Festivals among the Mountaineers of Daghestan" (Prazdnik vikhoda pluga u gorskikh narodov Dagestana), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. V, Tiflis: 1929

CHURSIN, G., "The Cult of Iron among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Kult jeleza u kavkazskikh narodov), in Izvestia of the C.H.A.I., Vol. VI

CHURSIN, G., "Les amulettes et les talismans des peuples du Caucase" (Amuletii talismani kavkazskikh narodov), in S.M.C., Vol. XLVI, No. 2, Makhach-Kala: 1929

CINCIK, J., Von der Tatra zum Kaukasus — Dokumentarisches Bildwerk über Kampf und Leben der slowakischen Wehrmacht an der Ostfront in den Jahren 1941 und 1942, Turz. St. Martin: Neografia, 1943 [222 pp.]

CIOULACHTJIAN, Reine, Histoires des Arméniens, un peuple du Caucase, Paris: Actes Sud Junior, 2007 [A history of Armenia for children, illustrated by Catherine Chardonnay.]

CLARK, Ronald, The Splendid Hills: The Life and Photographs of Vittorio Sella, 1859-1943, London: Phoenix House, 1948

COCKIN, J.G., "Shkara, Janga, and Ushba", in The Alpine Journal, Vol. XVI, No. 122, November 1893, pp. 477-494

COENE, Frederik, The Caucasus: An Introduction, London: Routledge, 2010

COHEN, Ariel, Russia's Counter-insurgency in the North Caucasus: Performance and Consequences, Carlisle (Pennsylvania): United States Army War College, 2014

COLARUSSO, John, "Ethnographic Information on a Wild Man of the Caucasus", in HALPIN, Marjorie M., and AMES, Michael M. (eds), Manlike Monsters of Trial; Early Records and Modern Evidence, Vancouver and London: University of British Columbia Press, 1980

COLARUSSO, John, "Parallels between the Circassian Nart sagas, the Rig Veda and Germanic mythology", in PENDAKAR, V.S. (ed.), South Asian Horizons I: Culture and philosophy, Ottawa: Canadian Asian Studies Association, 1984

COLARUSSO, John, "Epic, North Caucasian: the Narts", in WEBER, Harry (ed.), The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet Literatures Vol. VII, Florida: Academic International Press, 1984

COLARUSSO, John, Affinities of the Northwest Caucasian Nart sagas, paper presented at the second Conference on the Cultures of the Caucasus, Univ. of Chicago, May 1985

COLARUSSO, John, Some interesting women of the Circassian Nart sagas: Lady Tree and Amazon, the Forest Mother, paper presented at the third Conference on the Cultures of the Caucasus, Univ. of Chicago, May 1987

COLARUSSO, John, "Circassian Repatriation", in The World and I Vol. XI, 1991

COLARUSSO, John, "How many consonants does Ubykh have?", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

COLARUSSO, John, Nart Sagas from the Caucasus; Myths and Legends from the Circassians, Abazas, Abkhaz, and Ubikhs, Assembled, Translated and Annotated by John Colarusso, Princeton University Press, 2002

COLARUSSO, John, Kabardian (East Circassian), München: LINCOM, 2006 [122 pp.; No. 200 of the "Languages of the World/Materials" series.]

COLONNA-WALEWSKI, Count Stefan, A System of Caucasian yoga, as orally received received by Count Stefan Colonna Walewski, Indian Hills [Colorado, U.S.A.]: Falcon's Wing Press, 1955 [130 pp.; 'The secret yogic practices of the Caucusas Mountains, said by some to be the inner teachings of Gurdjieff! An amazing document detailing how to organize psychic energy in the human system. Contains step-by-step exercises, including use of Vitic Power Rods.' Wikipaedia: 'Stefan Colonna Walewski (June 9, 1897 - May 19, 1955) was a Polish American diplomat and antiquities specialist, publicised as a foremost expert in occult artifacts. As proprietor of his "Esoterica" shop in New York City, Count Colonna-Walewski maintained a large collection of "mystic and occult curios", at one point boasting over 20,000 objects and "the largest library on demonology in America".']

COMRIE, Bernard, "Linguistic Diversity in the Caucasus", in Annual Review of Anthropology, 37, 2008

CONNOR, Simon Edward, "A promethean legacy: late quaternary vegetation history of Southern Georgia, the Caucasus", in Ancient near eastern studies, Vol. XXXIV, Louvain/Paris/Walpole (Massachusetts): Peeters, 2011

CONOLLY, Violet, Soviet Tempo: A Journal of Travel in Russia, New York: Sheed & Ward Inc., 1937

CONQUEST, Robert, The Nation Killers: The Soviet Deportation of Nationalities, London: Macmillan, 1970

CONTARINI, Ambroise, "Voyage de Perse, 1473", in BERGERON, Pierre (ed.), Voyages faits principalement en Asie dans les XII, XIII, XIV, et XVe siècles, par Benjamin de Tudèle, Jean du Plan-Carpin, N. Ascelin, Guillaume de Rubruquis, Marc Paul Vénitien, Haiton, Jean de Mandeville, et Ambroise Contarini — Accompagné de l'histoire des Sarasins et des Tartares, et précédé d'une introduction concernant les voyages et les nouvelles découvertes des principaux voyageurs, La Haye: J. Neaulme, 1735

Contes du Caucase, Paris: Éditions Georges Crés & Cie., c. 1923 [129 pp., with 24 illustrations by M. Crausaz; contains "Histoire d'un homme fort", "Comment la fille du Tsar apprit à travailler", "Le Roi des serpents", "La petite tasse du pauvre Avner", "Le renard et le petit diable", "Comment Tritino devint Tsar", "Le Roi-Lion", "L'amitié fidèle des deux Issa", "L'oiseau merveilleux de la bouche duquel tombent les roses de mai", "Le bagne qui valait cent villes et cent villages".]

COQUET, Louis, Les Héritiers de la 'Toison d'Or' ["The Heirs of the Golden Fleece"], Paris: 1931

CORNELL, Svante, Small Nations and Great Powers — A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus, Curzon (Caucasus World), 2000

CORNELL, Svante, & STARR, S. Frederick (eds), The guns of August 2008: Russia's war in Georgia, M.E. Sharpe, 2009

CORNELOUP, Joannis, Souvenirs d'un aerostier de la grande guerre, Paris: La Pensée Universelle, 1975 [185 pp.; memoirs of a balloon observer, member of the French military mission to Rumania, with a 'mission spéciale au Caucase'.]

COTTINI-AGOSTINELLI, Giacinto, Il Caucaso nelle spire della guerra, Roma: 1942 [80 pp.]

COXWELL, Charles Fillingham, Siberian and other Folk-tales: Primitive literature of the Empire of the Tsars, London: C.W. Daniel, 1925

CROPP, Johann Albrecht, & BIRNBAUM, Immanuel, Zwischen Newa und Kaukasus, mit Kommentaren von Immanuel Birnbaum, München: Süddeutscher Verlag, 1970 [261 pp.]

CRYSTAL, David, Language Death, Cambridge University Press, 2000

CUNYNGHAME, Sir Arthur Thurlow, Travels in the Eastern Caucasus, on the Caspian and Black Seas, especially in Daghestan and on the Frontiers of Persia and Turkey, during the Summer of 1871, London: John Murray, 1872

CURTIS, William Eleroy, Around the Black Sea, Asia Minor, Armenia, Caucasus, Circassia, Daghestan, the Crimea, Roumania, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1911

CURZON, Robert, Armenia: A Year at Erzeroom, and on the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1854

CURZON, G., "The Transcaspian Railway", in Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography, New Monthly Series, Vol. XI, No. 5 (May, 1889), pp. 273-295

CUTTING, Suydam, The Fire Ox and Other Years, London: Collins, 1947 [Includes an account of the 1925 Theodore Roosevelt expedition from Istanbul across the Black Sea, the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea and the Turkestan Steppe to Bokhara, Samarkand, the Muzart Pass, Yarkand, Leh, Srinagar, Lahore and Bombay.]

von CZERLIEN, Markus, Unser Kaukasus und dessen sistematische Pacificirung: Eine vergleichende Studie, Wien: L.W. Seidel, 1882


DADRIAN, Vahakn, Histoire du génocide arménien — Conflits nationaux des Balkans au Caucase, Paris: Stock, 1999 [693 pp.]

DALGAT, Bashir, "Pervobytnaia religiia chechentsev" ("The aboriginal religion of the Chechens"), in Terskii Sbornik , Vladikavkaz: Terskii Oblastnoi Statisticheskii Komitet, 1893. Republished in full as DALGAT, U.B., Pervobytnaya religiya chechentsev i ingushey ("The aboriginal religion of the Chechens and Ingush"), edited reprint of B. Dalgat's original thesis, Moscow: Nauka, 2004 [English translation by D.G. Hunt (link), unpublished.]

DALGAT, Uzdiat Bashirovna, Geroichesky epos chechentsev i ingushey — Issledovanie i teksty ["The heroic epos of the Chechens and Ingush"], compiled and translated from the Ingush by U.B. Dalgat, Moscow: Nauka, 1972 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

Damals am Kaukasus: Ein Erzählbuch über Entstehung, Blütezeit und Untergang der deutschen Tempelsiedlungen im Nordkaukasus-Gebiet, Stuttgart: Gebietsleitung der Tempelgesellschaft in Deutschland, 2001

DANA, Eastern Journeys — Some Notes of Travel in Russia, in the Caucasus, and to Jerusalem, 1898

DANILEVSKIJ, Nikolaj, Der Kaukasus — Phys.-geographisch, statistisch, ethnographisch u. strategisch, 1847

DAPPER, Olfert, Asia: of Naukeurige beschryving van het rijk des Grooten Mogols, en een groote gedeelte van Indiën... beneffens een volkome beschryving van geheel Persie, Georgie, Mengrelie en andere gebuur-gewesten, beschreven door Dr. Olfer Dapper., Amsterdam: Jakob van Meurs, 1672 [German edition, translated by Beern, 2 vols, Nürnberg: J. Hoffmann, 1681.]

DAREVSKII, Ilya Sergeevich, "Rock Lizards of the Caucasus: Systematics, ecology and phylogeny of the polymorphic groups of caucasian lizards of the subgenus Archeolacerta", Leningrad: Izdat el 'stvo "Nauka", 1967 [214 pp., 2 full-page colour plates, 35 photo-plates, 84 text-figures.]

DARTIGUES, Louis, La Mission sanitaire chirurgicale française du Caucase (1er juillet 1917 - 15 juillet 1918), Paris: A. Maloine & Fils, 1919

"Das Fehlen des gemeinen Eichhörnchens im Kaukasus" ["The absence of the common squirrel in the Caucasus"], in HÖLZEL, Eduard (ed.), Mitheilungen der Kais. Königl. Geographischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 1889

DÉCHELETTE, Jean, "Notes sur les influences égéennes au Caucase", in Anthropologie, Vol. XXI, Nos 4 & 5, Paris: Masson & Cie., 1910

von DÉCHY, Móricz, "Zur Geschichte der Ersteigungen des Elbrus (Minghi-Tau)", in Mittheilungen des Deutschen und Oesterreichischen Alpenvereins, 11, 1885

von DÉCHY, Móricz, FILARSZKY, Nándor, CSIKI, Ernö, PAPP, Károly, & SCHAFARZIK, Ferencz, Kaukasus: Reisen und Forschungen im Kaukasischen Hochgebirge, 3 volumes, Berlin: D. Reimer, 1905-7

DEDEYAN, G., "Histoire de l'Arménie et de la nation arménienne", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 10-22.]

DEETERS, G., SOLTA, G.R., & INGLISIAN, Vahan, Armenisch und kaukasische Sprachen, Leiden & Köln: E.J. Brill, 1963 [272 pp.]

DEFRÉMERY, M., "Fragments de géographes et d'historiens arabes et persans inédits, relatifs aux anciens peuples du Caucase et de la Russie méridionale, traduits et accompagnés de notes critiques par M. Defrémery", in Journal Asiatique (June 1849), Quatrième série, Tome XIII, Paris: 1849

DEGRELLE, Léon, "A l'assaut du Caucase-Ouest", in Cassandre, 13th of November 1942

DELISLE, Guy, Hostage, London: Jonathan Cape, 2017 ['In the middle of the night in 1997, Doctors Without Borders administrator Christophe André was kidnapped by armed men and taken away to an unknown destination in the Caucasus region. For three months, André was kept handcuffed in solitary confinement, with little to survive on and almost no contact with the outside world.']

DEMIDOFF, E. (Prince San Donato), Hunting Trips in the Caucasus, London: Rowland Ward, 1898 [317 pp. with numerous photographs; a diary of three hunting expeditions—two to the Kuban district along the banks of the Laba River, and one 'directed towards the Russo-Persian Frontier between the Ararats and Ordoubad'.]

Der Allerneueste Staat von Casan, Astracan, Georgien und vieler andern dem Czaren, Sultan und Schach, Zinsbaren und Unterthanen Tartarn, Landschaften und Provinzien: samt Einer Kurzen Nachricht von der Caspischen See, dem Daria-Strom, ingleichen von dem Persischen Hof, und Dessen Allerneuesten Staats- und Kriegs- Verfassung; zur Erläuterung der Russisch- und Persischen Kriegs-Operationen Entworfen, und mit Dienlichen Kupfern Ausgezieret ["The very Latest Account of Kazan, Astrakhan, Georgia and many Other Possessions of the Czar, Sultan and Shah, Tributary and Vassal Tartars, Landscapes and Provinces: with a Brief Account on the Caspian Sea, of the Darya River, of the Persian court and its very latest state and military structures; published to provide an explanation of military operations between Russia and Persia, and illustrated with useful engravings"], Nürnberg: Wolfgang Moritz Endters seel. Erben, 1723

DERJAVIN, N.S., "Ethnography of Abkhazia" (Abkhazia v etnograficheskom otnoshenii), in S.M.C., Vol. XXXVII, No. 1, 1907

Der Konak: Eine Episode aus dem Kaukasus, aus den Papieren eines Amerikaners, Berlin: Druck und Verlag von Albert Sacco, ca. 1860 [310 pp.]

DERLUGUIAN, Georgi, Bourdieu's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: A World-System Biography, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005

de DERWIES, Vera, Recherches géologiques et pétrographiques sur les Laccolithes des environs de Piatigorsk (Caucase du Nord), Genève: Henry Kündig, 1905

"Des alpinistes français vainqueurs du Caucase", in France-U.R.S.S, June 1958 [Also contains an article on "l'Islam soviétique".]

"Des bâtisseurs venus du Caucase", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 109 — "Premières villes en Gaule", Paris: 1986

DETTMERING Russlands Kampf gegen Sufis — Die Integration der Tschetschenen und Inguschen in das Russische Reich 1810-1880

DETTMERING, Christian W., Russlands Kampf gegen Sufis — Die Integration der Tschetschenen und Inguschen in das Russische Reich 1810-1880, Frankfurt am Main: Dryas, 2011

"Deutsche Gedichte aus dem Kaukasus", in Lyrik und Prosa, Volumes 3-4, Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1990

Deutsches Weidwerk und Jagd in überseeischen Ländern, Leipzig: Ed. Kaiser Verlag, B. Leipa, 1936 [480 pp.; includes a chapter on "Jagd- u. Jägerleben im Kaukasus".]

DEYROLLES, Théophile, "Voyage dans le Lazistan et l'Arménie", in Le Tour du Monde, Paris: Hachette, 1869 [16 pp.]

Die heil. Christiana — die Glaubensbotin des heutigen Georgien im Kaukasus, Mölding bei Wien: Missionsdruckerei Sankt Gabriel, 1926 [24 pp.]

"Die wilden Völker des Kaukasus", in GEO — Das neue Bild der Erde, No. 2, Hamburg: Gruner + Jahr (printer), 1994

DIEULAFOY, Jane, Une Amazone en Orient, du Caucase à Persépolis (1881-1882), 3 volumes, Paris: Phébus, 1989 [A remarkable woman who accompanied her husband disguised as his son. Original publication date unknown.]

DIMT, Peter, Flammender Kaukasus: Tagebuch eines Artilleristen vom Sommerfeldzug 1942, Vowinckel, 1984

DIRR, Adolf, Theoretisch-praktische Grammatik der modernen georgischen (grusinischen) Sprache, mit Übungsstücken, einem Lesebuch, einer Schrifttafel und einer Karte, Wien: Hartleben, 1900 [170 pp.]

DIRR, Adolf, "Deities of the Hunt and the Hunting Language among the Peoples of the Caucasus" (Bojestva okhoti i okhotnichi iazik u kavkazstsev), in S.M.C., Vol. XLIV, No. 4, 1915

DIRR, Adolf, Einführung in das Studium der Kaukasischen Sprachen, mit einer Sprachenkarte, Leipzig: 1928

DIRR, Adolf, & MENZIES, Lucy, Caucasian Folk-tales, Dutton, 1925

DIRR, Adolf, "Trepanation als gerichtlicher Beweis im Kaukasus" ["Trepanation as legal evidence in the Caucasus"], in KOPPERS, Wilhelm (ed.), Festschrift / Publication d’hommage offerte au P.W. Schmidt: 76 sprachwissenschaftliche, ethnologische, religionswissenschaftliche, prähistorische und andere Studien / Recueil de 76 études de linguistique, d’ethnologie, de science religieuse, de préhistoire et autres, Wien: Mechitaristen-congregations-Buchdruckerei, 1928, pp. 218-219 [The entire Festschrift is a staggering 977 pages long.]

DISTEL, L., Ergebnisse einer Studienreise in den zentralen Kaukasus, Hamburg: L. Friedrichsen & Co., 1914 [Doctoral thesis originally published in Abhandlungen des Hamburgischen Kolonialinstituts, Vol. XXII.]

DITSON, George Leighton, Circassia, or A Tour to the Caucasus, New York: Stringer & Townsend, 1850

DJAPARIDZÉ, A., "Sept jours au sommet du Caucase", in France-U.R.S.S., No. 3, November 1945

DJAPARIDZÉ, O.M., "La civilisation kouro-araxe", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 32-37.]

DJAVAKHICHVILI, A., & KIGOURADZÉ, T., "[Les Géorgiens,] Premiers agriculteurs de l'Europe", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 24-31.]

DJINDJIAN, François, "L'Arménie des origines" & "Une histoire de l'Arménie", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 2-5 & 6-19, respectively.]

DJOBADZE, Vakhtang, Early Mediaeval Georgian Monasteries in Historic Tao, Klarjeti, and Shavsheti, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1992

DJOBADZE, Vakhtang, "Georgians in Antioch on-the-Orontes and the Monastery of St. Barlaam", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

DJORBENADZE, S., "The Village of Nigoiti, Department of Kutais, Ozurget District" ["Selo Nigoiti, Kutaisskoi gubernii, Ozurgetskago uezda"], in S.M.C., Vol. XXII, No. 2, 1897

DMITRIEV, N., "Inhabitants of Free Svanetia, their Customs and Manner of Life" ["Iz bita i nravov jitelei vol'noi Svanetii"], Tiflis: 1897

DMITRIEV, Vladimir, NERATOVA, Elisaveta, SELINENKOVA, Elena, SLASTNIKOVA, Ludmilla, & TSAREVA, Elena, Kaukasische Volkeren — The Caucasian peoples, Tielt: Drukkerij Lannoo NV, 2001 [The catalogue of the "Caucasian Peoples" exhibition held in the Hessenhuis in Antwerp (24.II-24.VI.2001) in association with the Russian Museum of Ethnography; the cover photograph is a detail of one entitled Kabardiens in Ernest Chantre's account of his 1881 mission scientifique to Mesopotamia, Kurdistan and the Caucasus.]

DMITRIEVA, V.A., Space and Time in the Traditional Culture of North Caucasian Peoples, [?Moscow]: EMP, 2000

DOLBESCHEFF [DOLBESHEV], W., "Archäologische Forschungen im Bezirk des Terek (Nordkaukasus), I-III" ["Archaeological work in the Terek region (North Caucasus)"], in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. XVI, Nos. 3 & 4, Berlin: Verlag von A. Asher & Co., 1884 [19 pp. with 5 figures, 1 lithographed plate and 10 ills.]

DOLIDZE, G., ხევსურული ტექსტები ["Khevsur texts"], Tbilisi: 1975

DOLIDZE, N.I., Gruzinskie narodnye skazki ["Georgian folk tales"], Tbilisi: Merani, 1971 [Republished as DOLIDZE, N.I., Georgian Folk Tales — 60 Tales, the collection compiled and translated into Russian by N.I. Dolidze, edited and with commentaries by M.Y. Chikovani, translated from the Russian [into English] and with a new introduction by D.G. Hunt, Tbilisi: Merani Publishing House, 1999.]

DOLMIEU, Dominique, & SYMANIEC, Virginie (eds), La Montagne des langues — Anthologie des écritures théâtrales du Caucase, Non Lieu / L'Éspace d'un instant, 2009

DOLUKHANOV, A.G., "The Timberline and the Subalpine Belt in the Caucasus Mountains, U.S.S.R.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

DONABEDIAN, Patrick, "Au royaume de la pierre [en Arménie]" & "Le monde merveilleux de l'enluminure [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 40-57 & 64-73, respectively.]

DONABEDIAN, Patrick, "La christianisation de l'Arménie et les débuts de l'architecture religieuse" ["The Christianization of Armenia and the beginnings of religious architecture"], in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 88-95.]

DONIYOROVA, Saodat, & DONIYOROV, Chodiyor, Parlons karatchay-balkar — Une langue du Caucase russe ["Let's speak Karatchai-Balkar, a language of the Russian Caucasus"], Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Parlons"), 2005 [184 pp.]

DORN, Bernhard, Bemerkungen auf Anlaß einer wissenschaftlichen Reise in dem Kaukasus und den südlichen Küstenländern des kaspischen Meeres in den Jahren 1860-1861, Sankt Petersburg: Buchdruckerei der kais. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1895

von DORNETH, J., Aus dem Kaukasus und der Krim nach eigenen Erlebnissen, Wien-Pest-Leipzig: A. Hartleben, 1881

Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 109 — "Premières villes en Gaule", Paris: 1986 [Besides "La civilisation atlantique et le commerce protohistorique", "Les oppida gaulois sur les routes commerciales", "Les villes d'origine romaine", "Les monuments urbains", &c., contents include "Des bâtisseurs venus du Caucase".]

DOUNDOUA, G.F., "Les trésors monétaires [de la Géorgie]" ["Monetary treasures of Georgia"], in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 85-86.]

DOURNOVO, Lydia A., Miniatures arméniennes — Texte et notes de Lydia A. Dournovo, Conservateur au Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Érévan, avec une préface de Sirapie Der Nersessian, professeur à Dumbarton Oaks, Paris: Éditions Cercle d'Art, 1960 [183 pp.]

DOWLING, Archdeacon, Sketches of Georgian Church History, London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1912 [137 pp.; Archdeacon Dowling, D.D., was 'Canon Residentiary of St George's Collegiate Church, Jerusalem, and Commissary for Eastern Church Intercourse within the Anglican Bishopric in Jerusalem'.]

DOWSETT, C.J.F., The History of the Caucasian Albanians by Movsēs Dasxurançi, Oxford: 1961

DRAGADZE, Tamara, "The Sexual Division of Domestic Space Among Two Soviet Minorities: the Georgians and Tadjiks", in ARDENER, Shirley (ed.), Women and Space: Ground Rules and Social Maps, 1981

DRAGADZE, Tamara, Kinship & Marriage in the Soviet Union: Field Studies, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984

DRAGADZE, Tamara, Rural Families in Soviet Georgia, London: Routledge, 1988

DREANO, Bernard, Dépression sur le Sud-Caucase: Voyage entre guerre et paix, Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2003

DREANO, Bernard, Guerres et paix au Caucase — Empires, peuples et nations, Paris: Non Lieu, 2009

DROUET, Francis, De Marseille à Moscou par le Caucase, notes de voyages, Rouen: E. Cagniard, 1893

DRU, Léon, "Géologie et hydrologie de la région du Bechtaou (Russie-Caucase)", in Bulletin de la Société géologique, 3e série, Vol. III, Paris: Georges Chamerot, 1884 [66 pp. with colour and black-and-white illustrations.]

DSHABAGI, Wassan-Girei, Der Kaukasus und seine Wirtschaft, Istanbul: Universum-Druckerei, 1942

DUBOIS DE MONTPÉREUX, Frédéric, Voyage autour du Caucase, chez les Tcherkesses et les Abkhases, en Colchide, en Géorgie, en Arménie et en Crimée, avec un atlas géographique, pittoresque, archéologique, géologique, &c. ["A journey around the Caucasus, among the Circassians and the Abkhaz, in Colchis, in Georgia, in Armenia and the Crimea, with a geological, picturesque, archaeological and geological atlas, &c."], 6[!] volumes, Paris: Librairie de Gide, 1839-1843 [Vol. I: ancient and modern geography; Vol. II: série pittoresque; Vol. III: architecture; Vol. IV: archaeology; Vol. V: geology; Vol. VI: ?]

DUBROVIN, N., A History of the War in and of the Russian Domination of the Caucasus (Istoria voini i vladichestva russkikh na Kavkaze), 2 vols., St Petersburg: 1871

"Du Caucase au macadam parisien: les tribulations d'un Cosaque" ["From the Caucasus to the asphalt of Paris: the tribulations of a Cossack"], in Notre temps, No. 91, Paris: 1976

DUFOUR, Jean Louis, Un siècle de crises internationales, de Pékin (1900) au Caucase (2008), Bruxelles: André Versaille, 2009

DUGRAND, Alain, Les cendres de l'Empire: Voyages du Caucase en Indus, Paris: Hoëbeke, 2006

DUGUET, Raymond, Moscou et la Géorgie martyre, Paris: Jules Tallandier, 1927 [217 pp. with 10 illustrations, 2 maps and a preface by Col C.B. Stokes, former British High Commissioner to the Transcaucasus]

DULAURIER, Édouard, "Les Russes dans le Caucase — II: L'éxode des Circassiens et la colonisation russe", in La Revue des Deux Mondes, 1st of January 1866

DUMAS, Alexandre, Impressions de Voyage: le Caucase, 1865

DUMBADZE, Vasili, The Caucasian republics: The little democracies the world forgot, Paris: 1921

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Le problème des Centaures: étude de mythologie comparée indo-européenne, Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1929

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Légendes sur les Nartes, suivies de cinq notes mythologiques, Paris: Honoré Champion, 1930

DUMÉZIL, Georges, La langue des Oubykhs, Paris: Honoré Champion, 1931

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Etudes comparatives sur les langues caucasiennes du Nord-Ouest: morphologie, Paris: Maisonneuve, 1932

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Introduction à la grammaire comparée des langues caucasiennes du Nord, Paris: Honoré Champion, 1933

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Textes populaires inguš recueillis par M. Jabagi — Traduits, commentés et précédés d'une introduction grammaticale par G. Dumézil, Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1935

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Contes lazes, Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie, 1937

DUMÉZIL, Georges, & MANITOK, Aytek, Fables de Tsey Ibrahim (Tcherkesse Occidental), Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1938

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Contes et légendes des Oubykhs, Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie, 1957

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Études oubykhs, Paris: Maisonneuve, 1959

DUMÉZIL, Georges, "A propos de quelques représentation folkloriques des Ossètes", in Paideuma — Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, Vol. VII, Nos. 4-6, 1960

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase: I (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique de l'Institut français d'archéologie d'Istanbul, Vol. IX), Paris: Adrien Maisonneuve, 1960

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase I (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique de l'Institut français d'archéologie d'Istanbul, Vol. IX), Paris: Adrien Maisonneuve, 1960

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase: II — Textes oubykhs (Travaux et mémoires de l'Institut d'ethnologie de l'Université de Paris, Vol. LXV), Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie, 1962

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase II: Textes oubykhs (Travaux et mémoires de l'Institut d'ethnologie de l'Université de Paris, Vol. LXV), Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie, 1962

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase: III — Nouvelles études oubykh (Travaux et mémoires de l'Institut d'ethnologie de l'Université de Paris, Vol. LXXI), Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie, 1965

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase III: Nouvelles études oubykh (Travaux et mémoires de l'Institut d'ethnologie de l'Université de Paris, Vol. LXXI), Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie, 1965

DUMÉZIL, Georges, & ESENÇ, Tevfik, Le verbe oubykh — Études descriptives et comparatives, Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1965

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase: IV — Récits lazes en dialecte d'Arhavi (parler de Şenköy), (Bibliothèque de l'École des hautes études, Section des sciences religieuses, Vol. LXXIV), Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1967

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase IV: Récits lazes en dialecte d'Arhavi (parler de Şenköy), (Bibliothèque de l'École des hautes études, Section des sciences religieuses, Vol. LXXIV), Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1967

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase: V — Études abkhaz, (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique de l'Institut français d'archéologie d'Istanbul, Vol. XXI), Paris: Librairie Adrien Maisonneuve, 1967

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase V: Études abkhaz, (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique de l'Institut français d'archéologie d'Istanbul, Vol. XXI), Paris: Librairie Adrien Maisonneuve, 1967

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Loki, Paris: Flammarion, 1986

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Romans de Scythie et d'alentour, Paris: Payot, 1988

DUMÉZIL, Georges, Le livre des héros: légendes sur les Nartes / trad. de l'ossète, avec intro. et des notes par Georges Dumézil, Paris: Gallimard, 1989

DUNLOP, D.M., The History of the Jewish Khazars, Princeton: 1954

DUNLOP, John B., Russia confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict, Cambridge University Press, 1998

DUNSHEATH, Joyce, "Climbing in the Caucasus Mountains in the U.S.S.R. in 1957", in Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, London: The Royal Geographical Society, 1958

DUNSHEATH, Joyce, Guest of the Soviets: Moscow and the Caucasus, 1957, London: Constable, 1959

DUNSTERVILLE, Maj.-Gen. L.C., Stalky's Reminiscences, London: Jonathan Cape, 1928

DURANTE, Gustave, Rapport sur une mission au Caucase et au Turkestan, Paris: 15, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 1898

DUVE, Freimut, & TAGLIAVINI, Heidi, Kaukasus, Verteidigung der Zukunft — 24 Autoren auf der Suche nach Frieden, Wien: Folio-Verlag, 2001 [310 pp.]

DUVILLERS, F., Les parcs et jardins crées et exécutés par F. Duvillers — La première partie, Paris: self-published, 1871 [Among a lifetime of other projects, Duvillers — a Belgian architect and landscape designer — laid out the main square and public gardens in the town of Kutaisi in Georgia]

DYCK, Anna Reimer, Anna: From the Caucasus to Canada, translated and edited by Peter J. Klassen, Hillsboro (KA): Mennonite Brethren Publishing House, 1979 [216 pp. A fleeing Russian refugee finds a life of restored hope in Canada.]


EDMONDS, Richard, Russian Vistas: A springtime journey to Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Stalingrad, the Black Sea and the Caucasus, London: Phene Press, 1958

EICHNER, Wilhelm, Zurück in die grosse Freiheit: Tagebuch aus dem Russlandfeldzug 1942-1944, vom Kaukasus bis Rumänien ["Back to Freedom: Diary of the Russian Campaign 1942-4, from the Caucasus to Rumania"], Leoni am Starnberger See: Druffel, 1991 [329 pp.]

EFFENDI, Rena, Pipe Dreams — A Chronicle of Lives Along the Pipeline, Schilt Publishing, 2010

EFREMOV, Y., Views of the U.S.S.R., Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1955

EGGER, Karl, Im Kaukasus: Bergbestaigungen und Reiseerlebnisse im Sommer 1914, Verlag der Frobenius A.G., 1915

EGGER, Karl, Die Eroberung des Kaukasus, Basel: Verlag von Benno Schwabe & Co., 1932

EGIAZAROV, S., "The Kurds of Yerevan Province: An Ethnographical Sketch" (Kratki etnograficheski ocherk kurdov Erivanskoi gubernii), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. XIII, No. 2

EICH, Clemens, Aufzeichnungen Aus Georgien, Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 1999

EICHWALD, Eduard, Reise auf dem Caspischen Meere und in dem Caucasus, unternommen in den Jahren 1825-1826, Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta, 1834

EICHWALD, Eduard, Alte Geographie des Kaspischen Meeres, des Kaukasus und des südlichen Rußlands, nach griechischen, römischen und anderen Quellen, Morin, 1838

EISLER, "Seevölker Namen in altorientalischen Quellen", in Caucasia, No. 5, pp. 73-130

ELANIDZE, Valerian, Vinam tkva tushta daleva?!, Tbilisi: Deda Ena, 2001

ELLEY, Derek, "Light in the Caucasus (Georgian cinema)", in BEAN, Robin (ed.), Films and Filming, Vol. XXIII, No. 5, issue No. 269 (February 1977), London: Hansom Books, 1977

ELLIS, George, Memoir of a Map of the Countries comprehended between the Black Sea and the Caspian with an Account of the Caucasian Nations and Vocabularies of their Languages — An Uncommon Book nicely bound by Trevor Lloyd of Ludlow, London: J. Edwards, 1788

EMANUEL, W.V., Wild Asses: A Journey Through Persia, London: Jonathan Cape, 1939 [Chapter 3: "Parachutes in the Caucasus"]

EMIN, Nikita Osipovich, Sharakan: Bogosluzhebnye kanony i piesni Armiyanskoy vostochnoy tserkvi; perevel s drevne-armianskago yazyka N. Emin; polnyy perevod ["Hymns: Worship Canons and Songs of the Eastern Armenian Church; translated from Ancient Armenian by N. Emin; complete translation"], Moscow: A. Gattsuk, 1879

ENGELMAN, P.F., "Account of a journey from the fortress of Severnaja, at the northern foot of mount Caucasus, to choy in Persia; with a description of Teflis, the capital of Georgia", in Philosophical Magazine, Series 1, Vol. XI, No. 43

ENGLE, Anita, Glass and the Silk Route, Jerusalem: Phoenix Publications, 1976 [Double issue 6 and 7 of Readings in Glass History; includes a chapter on "finds in the Caucasus".]

ENGLER, A., "Über die Vegetationsverhältnisse des Kaukasus auf Grund der Beobachtungen bei einer Durchquerung des westlichen Kaukasus (Vortrag gehalten bei einer gemeinsamen Sitzung der Freien Vereinigung der Pflanzengeographen und des Botanischen Vereins der Provinz Brandenburg am 6. Januar 1913)", in Verhandl. des Botan. Vereins der Provinz Brandenburg, Vol. LV, 1913

EPPELBAUM, Lev, & KHESIN, Boris, Geophysical Studies in the Caucasus, Springer-Verlag, 2012 [401 pp.; 'The subject of this book is the methodology and results of integrated geophysical investigations in the Caucasian region, mainly interpretation of magnetic and gravity anomalies with utilization of a huge petrophysical database for the evaluation of geological structure and mineral resources.']

ERBS, Georg, Der Kaukasus — Kein Reiseführer ["The Caucasus — Not a guide-book"], Istanbul: Selenge, 2003

von ERCKERT, Roderich, Die Sprachen des kaukasischen Stammes — I. Theil: Wörterverzeichnis, II. Theil: Sprachproben und grammatische Skizzen, Wien: Alfred Hölder, 1825 [204 & 390 pp., respectively.]

von ERCKERT, Roderich, Der Kaukasus und seine Völker, E. Baldamus, 1888

ERISTAVI, R.D., "The Tush-Pshav-Khevsur District" (O tushino-pshavo-khevsurskom okruge), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. III, Tiflis: 1855

ERISTAVI, R.D., "Notes on Svanetia" (Zametki o Svanetii), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. XIX, Tiflis: 1897

de ERNOUF, Alfred-Auguste, Le Caucase, la Perse et la Turquie d'Asie, d'après la relation de M. le Baron de Thielmann, Paris: E. Plon & Cie, 1876

ERNST, A., Geognostische und Bergbauliche Skizzen über die Kaukasus-Länder, Hannover: Schrader, 1891 [17 pp. with a colour map.]

von ERPSTHAUSEN, Adolf Ferdinand, Wende im Kaukasus: ein Bericht, 1960

ERSCHLER, David, "Possession marking in Ossetic: Arguing for Caucasian influences", in Linguistic Typology, Vol. XIII, No. 3, 2009

van ESBROECK, Michel, "Die Stellung der Märtyrerin Rhipsime in der Geschichte der Bekehrung des Kaukasus" ["The place of Rhipsime, the martyr, in the history of the Christianization of the Caucasus"], in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

ESCHENBACH, Andreas Christian, Orphei (Orpheus) Argonautica Hymni et de Lapidibus — Curante Andrea Christiano Eschenbachio, Noribergense — Cum ejusdem ad Argonautica Notis & Emendationibus — Accedunt Henrici Stephani in omnia & Josephi Scaligeri in Hymnos Notae, Utrecht: Apud Gulielmum vande Water, 1689 [329 pp.]

ESKELUND, Karl, Black Caviar and Red Optimism — Travels in Russia, London: Alvin Redman, 1962

ETTERLIN, Jakob, "Südrussland einschliesslich Donezgebiet und Kaukasus sowie die ehemaligen dortigen Schweizerkolonien: geschichtlich u. wirtschaftlich kurz dargestellt", in Neue Glarner Zeitung, Glarus: 1933 [135 pp.]

EVANS, Commander Michael C., "The Caucasus and the Black Sea: A Strategic Challenge for Europe", in RUSI Journal, Vol. CXLV, No. 2, 2000, pp. 55-60

EVERILL, P. (ed.), Nokalakevi, Tsikhegoji, Archaeopolis: Archaeological Excavations 2001-2010, Oxford: Archaeopress, 2014

EVERILL, P., COLVIN, I., NEIL, B. & LOMITASHVILI, D., "Nokalakevi-Archaeopolis: ten years of Anglo-Georgian collaboration", in Antiquity 84 (326)

EVLIYA, Effendi, Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Seventeenth Century, translated from the Turkish by J. von Hammer, London: 1846


FABRE, J.R., Du Dnieper au Caucase, Paris: A. Durand, 1860

FABRE-LUCE, Alfred, Russie, 1927, Paris: Bernard Grasset, 1927 [264pp.; contents: Moscou pour touristes, Conversations, Médiation devant le Kremlin, De Pétersbourg à la Caspienne, Caucase et Crimée.]

FADEEV, Rostislav Andreevich, & DMITRI, Alekseevich Miliutin, Sechzig Jahre des Kaukasischen Krieges mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Feldzuges im nördlichen Daghestan im Jahre 1839, nach russischen Originalen ["Sixty years of the war in the Caucasus, paying particular attention to operations in northern Daghestan in 1839"](translated by Gustav Wilhelm Baumgarten), Leipzig: Bernhard Schlicke, 1861

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Der Sieg von Bachtrioni — Sagen aus Georgien, Leipzig & Weimar: Gustav Kiepenheuer, 1984

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, "Kartwelische Wurzelmorpheme der Struktur CVC", in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, Vol. CXLI, Wiesbaden: Harassowitz, 1991

FÄHNRICH, Heinz (ed.), Märchen aus Swanetien — Übers., hrsg. u. kommentiert v.H. Fähnrich, Konstanz: 1992

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Kurze Grammatik der georgischen Sprache, Leipzig: Langenscheidt, 1993

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Grammatik Der Altgeorgischen Sprachen, Hamburg: Buske, 1994

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, & SARDJVELADZE, Zurab [SARDSCHWELADSE, Surab], Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Kartwel-Sprachen, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1995

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Märchen aus Georgien — Die Märchen der Weltliteratur im Schmuckschuber, München: Diederichs, 1995

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, & SARDJVELADZE, Zurab [SARDSCHWELADSE, Surab], Altgeorgisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, Hamburg: Buske, 1999

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Lexikon georgische Mythologie, Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1999

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Lexikon georgische Mythologie, Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1999

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Batsisch (Zowatuschisch)-Deutsches Wörterbuch, Jena: 2001

FÄHNRICH, H., & KADSHAIA, O., Mingrelisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch, Wiesbaden: 2001

FÄHNRICH, Heinz (transl.), Georgischer Wein — Kurzgeschichten von Tschorochi bis zum Diklos Mta, Jena: Universität Jena, 2001

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Kulturland Georgien — Kurzführer für Touristen, Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 2007 [352 pp.; "The Georgians are one of the oldest ethnic groups in the Caucasus, which during their history have created many splendid works of art and culture. This compilation lists all kinds of monuments that might be of interest to the traveler in the region, such as buildings, ruins, excavation sites, places of birth of artists and other persons of interest, but also nature reserves and spas."]

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, In den Bergen der Götter — Alte Glaubensvorstellungen, Überlieferungen und Bräuche bei den Georgiern des Kaukasus, Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 2009

FÄHNRICH, Heinz (ed.), Kartwelsprachen: Altgeorgisch, Neugeorgisch, Mingrelisch, Lasisch, Swanisch, Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 2009

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Hinter neun Bergen, Greiz-Kurtschau (OT Weisser Stein): König, 2011 [666pp; Kartvelian legends]

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, & SOKOLOVSKIY, Sergey (eds.), Exploring the Edge of Empire — Soviet-era Anthropology in the Caucasus and Central Asia, Vol. XXV of the Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia, Halle/Saale: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, 2011

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Die Altesten Georgischen Inschriften, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2013

FÄHNRICH, Heinz, Königin des Waldes, Greiz-Kurtschau (OT Weisser Stein): König, 2013 [655 pp.; myths, sagas, legends, &c. of the Georgians]

FAIRBANKS, Gordon H., Spoken West Armenian, New York: American Council of Learned Societies, 1958

FAIRBANKS, Gordon H., & STEVICK, Earl W., Spoken East Armenian, New York: American Council of Learned Societies, 1958 [East Armenian for self-study: exercises, drills, reading, vocabulary and an introduction to the script; sold with audio cassettes.]

FARINA, Xenia, Classic Dances of the Orient, New York: Crown, 1967

FARSON, Daniel, A Dry Ship to the Mountains: Down the Volga and Across the Caucasus in my Father's Footsteps, London: Penguin, 1995

FARSON, Negley, Going Fishing: Travel and Adventure in Two Hemispheres, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1940

FARSON, Negley, Caucasian Journey — A Last View of a Lost World, London: The Travel Book Club, 1952

FARSON, Negley, The Lost World of the Caucasus, New York: Doubleday, 1958

FATUYEV, R., Sto skazok o prodelkakh i zloklyucheniakh Mully Nasr-Eddina ("A hundred tales of the pranks and misadventures of the Mulla Nasr-Eddin"), Pyatigorsk: Ordzhonikidze Izdatel’stvo, 1937 (unpublished English translation by D.G. Hunt, who added a further 100 tales "from various other sources of Caucasus tales about Nasr-Eddin")

FAVRE, Ernest, Recherches géologiques dans la partie centrale de la Chaîne du Caucase, 1875

FEDINA, A.E., "The Structure of Landscape Altitudinal Zonality on the Northern Slopes of the Greater Caucasus in the Baksan Basin, U.S.S.R.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

FENWICK, Rohan S.H., A Grammar of Ubykh, München: LINCOM, 2011 [225pp.; No. 19 in the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series; 'Ubykh is one of the languages comprising the small North-West Caucasian (Abkhazo-Adyghean) language family. It is SOV, ergative, postpositional, head-marking, and massively agglutinative. First attested in around 1650 in the Seyâhatnâme of Evliya Çelebi, it was originally spoken in the region surrounding the modern Russian city of Sochi, then in exile in north-western Turkey after the 19th-century invasion of the northern Caucasus by the Russian Empire and subsequent emigration en masse of the Ubykh nation. Since the death in 1992 of Ubykh’s last competent native speaker, Tevfik Esenç, the language has been functionally extinct. Ubykh already has considerable linguistic renown for its titanic inventory of consonant phonemes (comprising at least 80 segments in the only well-attested dialect), but it also demonstrates great complexity in morphology and syntax. This sketch takes a heavily descriptive approach, outlining not only Ubykh’s complex phonology and phonetics, but also its inflectional and derivational morphology – including the most comprehensive account to date of Ubykh noun morphology – and syntax, with particular focus on describing attested idiolectic and dialectic variation. The sketch is liberally illustrated with examples drawn mainly from 14 identified speakers, and is based upon both the published corpus and previously unpublished field recordings; many of the example sentences and one of the sample texts are published here for the first time. It is hoped that this sketch, the first Ubykh grammar in English, will stimulate renewed interest in the language and provide a useful reference for Caucasological researchers.']

FERUGLIO, Valérie, & KHECHOYAN, Anna, "L'art rupestre d'Arménie", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 46-49.]

FESSENDEN, Reginald Kennelly (ed.), The Deluged Civilization of the Caucasus Isthmus — A collection of unpublished papers of the late Professor Reginald A. Fessendon, New York: privately printed, 1933 [From the introduction: 'In 1923 the late Professor Reginald A. Fessenden published the first six chapters of 'The deluged civilization of the Caucasus isthmus' and in 1927 published one additional chapter. The present posthumous volume contains four additional chapters (7-10) and seven articles on related subjects... Only one hundred copies have been printed for private distribution.' Contents: The records of the pre-deluge civilization of the Caucasus isthmus; The home of Abraham; How it was discovered that the so-called myth lands were the Cascusus isthmus; Finding a key to the sacred writings of the Egyptians; Caucasia, mother of the great civilizations; The morning land of the Caucasus; The zenith of the Babylonian astronomers; Plato's Atlantis word puzzle; The Egyptian ten pre-deluge kings of Solon and Plato; An apparently definite identification of masons with the Egyptian M-s-n; Synopsis of some unpublished chapters of the deluged civilization.]

FEUERSTEIN, Wolfgang, "Mingrelisch, Lazisch, Swanisch: alte Sprachen und Kulturen der Kolchis vor dem baldigen Untergang", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

FICHET DE CLAIREFONTAINE, François, "Caractérisation du mobilier céramique de la période achéménide [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [p. 73.]

FICHET DE CLAIREFONTAINE, François, ROY, N., & DESCHAMPS, S., "Dans les montagnes d'Arménie", in Archéologia, No. 446 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 26-31.]

FIELD, Henry, Contributions to the Anthropology of Iran, 1939

FIELD, Henry, Contributions to the Anthropology of the Caucasus, Cambridge (MA): Peabody Museum of American Archaelogy and Ethnology, Vol. XLVIII, No. 1, 1953

Field excursion guidebook for the Donets Basin and the North Caucasus, Moscow: 1975

FIKES, Kesha, & LEMON, Alaina, "African Presence in Former Soviet Spaces", in Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, 2002

FISCHER, Andreas, Zwei Kaukasus-Expeditionen, Bern: Schmid, Francke & Co., 1891 [150 pp.; largely an account of the search for the mountaineers H. Fox, W.F. Donkin, K. Streight & J. Fisher, who vanished during an ascent of Dych-Tau; Fischer was a member of the search party.]

FISCHER, Andreas, Hochgebirgswanderungen in den Alpen und im Kaukasus, Frauenfeld, 1913

de FLEURY, Louis, Tumuli du Caucase fouillés par M. le Professeur Samokwassoff et leur rapport avec ceux du département de la Charente, Angoulême: L. Coquemard, 1894 ['[Paru] A Angoulême chez L. Coquemard, Libraire de la Société archéologique et historique de la Charente, Rue du Marché, No. 9.']

FLORENSKI, Friar Pawel, Meinen Kindern — Erinnerungen an eine Jugend im Kaukasus, Stuttgart: Urachhaus, 1993 [Friar Paul's memories of a childhood spent in the Caucasus.]

FOCH, A., Précis des forêts du Caucase — Édité par la Direction générale des forêts pour l'Exposition internationale de 1911 à Turin, Turin: Imprimerie Royale J.B. Paravia, 1911 [43 pp.]

de FONTBRUNE, Jean Charles, Nostradamus l'avait prédit: crise financière, Tibet, Chine, Caucase, Iran, Afghanistan, Monaco: Éditions du Rocher, 2009

FORBES, Rosita, Conflict: Angora to Afghanistan, with a foreword by Sir Percy Sykes, London: Cassell & Co. Ltd, 1931 [302 pp.; "An informal study of the effects of an imposed modernization on Levantine countries; sections on the Caucasus, Armenia and Azerbaijan."]

FORSYTH, James, The Caucasus: a history, Cambridge: Universiy Press, 2013

FOSTER, Ruth, The Stone Horsemen — Tales from the Caucasus, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co. Inc., 1965 [87 pages; stories for children: The Stone Horsemen, The Stupid Wolf, The Brave Shepherd Boy, Unlucky Mussah, Djamukh, son of a deer, Hecho the Lazy, and others.]

FOURNIER, Eugène, Description géologique du Caucase Central, Marseille: Barthelet, 1896

FRANÇOIS, Jules, "Mémoire sur la Genèse des Eaux Minérales et des Émanations Salines des Groupes Nord du Caucase", 1875

FRANÇOIS, Jules, "Le Caucase et ses eaux minérales — Mémoire lu à l'Académie des sciences, séance du 29 mai 1876", 1876

FRANKE, Kurt, Von Ostpreußen bis zum Kaukasus — Heimatvertriebene erinnern sich, Altdorf: Holder, 1986

FRÄNKEL, A.S., & BAKRADZE, D., The Code of Laws of the Georgian King Vakhtang VI (Sbornik sakonov gruzinskago Tsaria Vakhtanga VI), Tiflis: 1887

FRANKL, Dr Josef, "Die Mineralquellen des Kaukasus", Vienna: Royal & Imperial Geographical Society, 1864

FRASER, John Foster, Red Russia, London: Cassell & Co., 1907 [288 pp.; "The photographs are particularly interesting. A reporter's trip to Russia in 1907 after the failed 1905 Revolution. Fascinating chapters on the terror in Warsaw, the Jewish Pale, St Petersburg, the moods of Moscow, the Czar, The fair at Nijni-Novgorod, In the Famine region, the Caucasus, Baku, Black Sea pictures, Finland, etc."]

FREHSE, Ernst, Was muss man von Orient-Teppichen wissen? Ein Leitfaden für jedermann, der echte Teppiche kaufen oder verkaufen will ["What one needs to know about oriental rugs: a guide for anyone who wants to buy or sell carpets"], Berlin: Koch, 1920

FRENCH, Lt-Col F.J., From Whitehall to the Caspian, London: Odhams Press Ltd, 1920 [255 pp.; "Journey of author to the Caspian through seven war areas to reveal the obscure corners of the world where British sailor and soldiers fought and died as well as the circumstances which necessitated the Caspian Naval Expedition in an effort to save the Caucasus."]

FRESHFIELD, Douglas, "The Peaks, Passes and Glaciers of the Caucasus", London: Royal Geographical Society, 1888

FRESHFIELD, Douglas, "The Solitude of Abkhasia, with some notes on the High-Level Routes of the Caucasus", in The Alpine Journal, Vol. XV, No. 110, November 1890, pp. 237-255

FRESHFIELD, Douglas W., The Exploration of the Caucasus, London & New York: Edward Arnold, 1896

FRESHFIELD, Douglas W., Travels in the Central Caucasus and Bashan, including Visits to Ararat and Tabreez and Ascents of Kazbek and Elbruz, London: Longman, 1869

FRESHFIELD, Douglas W., Below the Snow Line, ?London?: Constable, 1923

von FREYGANG, Wilhelm, Briefe über den Kaukasus und Georgien, nebst angehängtem Reisebericht aus Persien vom Jahre 1812, Hamburg: Perthes und Besser, 1817

FRIEDRICHSEN, Die Grenzmarken des europäischen Rußlands, ihre geographische Eigenart und ihre Bedeutung für den Weltkrieg, 1915

FRIESEN, Ute, & WÜRMLI, Marcus, KulturSchock — Kaukasus, Bielefeld: Reise Know-How Verlag Rump, 2004 [240 pp.; a study of 'why we often feel so helpless when we visit a "trusted" country which had hitherto felt so familiar' i.e. the effects of culture shock.]

FRITZ, Sonja, "Ossetians", in Encyclopedia of World Cultures Vol. IV, Human Relations Area Files, Inc., 1994

FROIDEVAUX, Henri, "Etudes sur le Caucase", in Annales de Géographie, 1892

FROIDEVAUX, Henri, "Les mouvements des glaciers au Caucase", in Annales de Géographie, 1892

FROIDEVAUX, Henri, "M. Merzbacher au Caucase", in Annales de Géographie, 1893

FROLOVA, Marina, Les Paysages du Caucase — Invention d'une Montagne, Paris: Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, 2006

From the Lands of the Scythians: Ancient Treasures from the Museums of U.S.S.R., 3000B.C.-100 B.C., New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975 [Exhibition catalogue.]


GABASHVILI, E., "Property Rights of the Georgian Peasant Woman" (Imush'chestvennoe pravo gruzinki v krestianskoi semie), in Iveria, May, 1889

GADAGATL’, A., & VETROVA, I., Samoupravlyaemaya strela Narta Tlepsha ("The self-directing arrow of the Nart Tlepsh"), Maykop: RIPO, 2000 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

GAGARIN, Prince Grigory Grigorievich, Sobraniye vizantiyskikh, gruzinskikh i drevnerusskikh ornamentov ["A Collection of Byzantine, Georgian and Old Russian Ornaments"], St Petersburg: Ekspeditsiya Zagotovleniya Gosudarstvennykh Bumag, 1897

GAGARIN, Prince Grigory Grigorievich, Le Caucase pittoresque dessiné d'après nature par le prince Grégoire Gagarine, avec une introduction et un texte explicatif par le comte Ernest Stackelberg, Paris: Plon frères, 1847

GAGULASHVILI, S., "Color Symbolism in Georgian Charms", in Soviet Anthropology and Archeology, 1987

GALANUS, Clemens, Grammaticae et logicae institutiones linguae literalis armenicae — Addito vocabulario armenio-latino, Roma: Typis Sacræ Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1645

GALANUS, Clemens, Conciliationis ecclesiae armenae cum romana ex ipsis armenorum patrum et doctorum testimoniis — In dua partes, Historialem & controversialem divisae, Roma: Typis Sacræ Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1650-1661

GALANUS, Clemens, Historia Armena, Ecclesiastica & Politica, Köln: [publisher unknown], 1686 [499 pp.; 'Clementis Galani, Surrentini, Clerici Regularis Theologi, & S. Sedis Apostolicæ ad Armenos Missionarij.']

GALICHIAN, Rouben, Historic Maps of Armenia: The Cartographic Heritage, London: I.B. Tauris, 2004

GALICHIAN, Rouben, Countries South of the Caucasus in Medieval Maps: Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan, London: Gomidas Institute, & Yerevan: Artinfo Art Books, 2007 [208pp 'with 82 maps and 24 details, 98 in full colour']

GALSTYAN, Garik, Intérets géopolitiques russes dans la région caspienne — Rivalités anciennes, enjeux nouveaux, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007

GAMBA, Jean-François, Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et particulièrement dans les provinces situées au delà du Caucase fait depuis 1820 jusqu'en 1824, Paris: C.-J. Trouvé, 1826

GAMKRELIDZE, Bakhva, Khevsuretis sopeli da misi sameurneo t'raditsiebi ["The Khevsur village and its agricultural traditions"], Tbilisi: 1989

GAMKRELIDZE, Thomas V., & MACHAVARIANI, Givi I., "Sonantensystem und Ablaut in den Kartwelsprachen: Eine Typologie der Struktur des Gemeinkartwelischen", in Ars Linguistica, Vol. X, Tübingen: Narr, 1982

GAMMER, Moshe, Muslim Resistance to the Tsar: Shamil and the Conquest of Chechnia and Daghestan, London: Frank Cass, 1994

GAMMER, Moshe (ed.), Ethno-nationalism, Islam and the State in the Caucasus — Post-Soviet Disorder, Abingdon: Routledge, 2008

GARB, Paula, Where the Old Are Young: Long Life in the Soviet Caucasus, Ramparts Press / Common Ground Books, 1987

GARDANOV, V.K., Obshchestvennyi stroi adygskikh narodov (XVIII — pervaya polovina XIX v.) ["Social Structure of the Adyghe Peoples, from the XVIIIth century to the first half of the XIXth century"], Moscow: Nauka, 1967 [331 pp.; contents: Territorija i Chislennost' Adygov; Osnovnie Cherti Khozjaistvennogo Stroja; Sistema Adygskogo Feodalizma; Nekotorie Osobennosti Klassovoi Borbi i Obshchestvenno- politicheskogo Stroja.]

GARDINER, F., "An Ascent of Elbruz", in Alpine Journal, 7, 1876

GARITTE, Gérard, La Narratio de rebus Armeniae: édition critique et commentaire, Louvain: L. Durbecq, 1952

GARITTE, Gérard, L'ancienne version géorgienne des Actes des apôtres d'après deux manuscrits du Sinaï, Louvain: Publications universitaires, 1955

GARITTE, Gérard, Lettres de S. Antoine: version géorgienne et fragments coptes, Louvain: L. Durbecq, 1955

GARITTE, Gérard, Catalogue des manuscrits géorgiens littéraires du Mont Sinaï, Louvain: L. Durbecq, 1956

GARITTE, Gérard, Le calendrier palestino-géorgien du Sinaiticus 34 (Xe siècle): édité, traduit et commenté par G. Garitte, Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes, 1958

GARITTE, Gérard, Vies géorgiennes de S. Syméon Stylite l'ancien et de S. Ephrem, Louvain: Impr. Orientaliste, 1967

GARITTE, Gérard, Version géorgienne de la vie de sainte Marthe, Louvain: Secrétariat du Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, 1968

GARSTANG, John, & GURNEY, O.R., The Geography of the Hittite Empire, London: 1959

GASPARD, Armand [Armen Gasparian], La Geste de David le Sassouniote, traduit de l'arménien d'après la version de Hovhannès Toumanian, Genève: Éditions de la Frégate, 1945

GASPARD, Armand [Armen Gasparian], Caucase, Paris: Éditions Rencontre, Atlas des Voyages, 1969

GASPARD, Armand [Armen Gasparian], Le Combat arménien, entre terrorisme et utopie, Lausanne: L'Âge d'Homme, 1984

GASPAROTTO, L., "Su Monti e su colli ignoti nel Caucaso centrale", in Revista del Club Alpino Italiano, 49, 1930

GASPARYAN, Boris, "Le peuplement de l'Arménie au Paléolithique" & [with CHATAÎGNER, Christine, & ARIMURA, Makoto] "La néolithisation de l'Arménie", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 24-29 & 30-35, respectively.]

GAUTIER, Eduard, "Malariastudien im Kaukasus", in Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1, 1898, pp. 439-478

GEBHARD, Rollo, Blaue Donau, Schwarzes Meer — Mit "Solveig II" von Regensburg zum Kaukasus ["Blue Danube, Black Sea — From Regensburg to the Caucasus in Solveig II"], Bielefeld: Delius Klasing, 2001 [268 pp. with 74 ill.]

GEIGER, Bernhard, HALASI-KUN, Tibor, KUIPERS, Aert H., & MENGES, Karl H., Peoples and Languages of the Caucasus: A Synopsis, 'S-Gravenhage (The Hague): Mouton, 1959 [77 pp.]

GENKO, A.N., "Iz kul'turnogo proshlogo ingushei" ("From the cultural past of the Ingush"), in Zapiski Kollegii Vostokovedov pri Aziatskom Muzee, Leningrad: Akademiia Nauk, 1930

GENTÉ, Régis, Voyage au pays des Abkhazes (Caucase, début du XXIe siècle), Paris: Les éditions Cartouche, 2012

GEOFFROY-SCHNEITER, Bérénice, Bijoux des toîts du monde, de la Chine au Caucase, Paris: 5 Continents, 2012 [192 pp. with 136 colour illustrations; published to coincide with the 2012 exhibition at the Baur Museum in Geneva of the Ghysels Collection of Eurasian jewellery.]

GEORGE, H.B., "Mount Elbrouz and the attempted ascent of it by a Russian Expedition", in Alpine Journal, 2, 1865-6

GEORGE, Pierre, U.R.S.S., haute Asie, Iran, Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1947 [Many references to the Caucasus, notably geophysical and ethnographic.]

GERASIMOV, I.P., ZIMINA, R.P., KOTLIJACOV, V.M., LILIENBERG, D.A., & PREOBRAGENSKI, B.S., "The French-Soviet Geographical Symposium 'The Alps-The Caucasus'", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. VIII, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1976

von GEYERSBURG, Carl Heinrich, Meine Reise in den Caucasus in den Jahren 1871 und 1872, mit einem Vorwort von Carl Friedrich Ledderhose, Mannheim: J. Schneider, 1875

GHAMBASHIDZE, D., The Caucasian Petroleum Industry and its Importance to Eastern Europe and Asia, 1918

GHAMBASHIDZE, D., Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia: With a Chapter on the Manganese Industry of Georgia, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1919

GHIGLIONE, Piero, "Caucaso, conglomerato di popoli", Milano: 1942 [7 pp. 'con una cartina e numerose fotografie'.]

GIARDINI, Domenico, & BALASSANIAN, Sergiei (eds), Historical and Prehistorical Earthquakes in the Caucasus, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997

GIBB, Sir Hamilton, The Travels of Ibn Battuta, Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1958

GIDE, André, Le Prométhée mal enchaîné — Illustré de trente dessins par Pierre Bonnard, Paris: Éditions de la Nouvelle revue française, 1920 ['En forme d'apologue, mais transposé dans le siècle d'André Gide, ce récit est une parodie de la légende antique. Prométhée n'est plus enchaîné à son rocher du Caucase, mais attablé avec Damoclès et Coclès dans un café des Boulevards. Son aigle ne l'a pas abandonné pour autant et revient périodiquement lui mordiller le foie. Ses deux compagnons entretiennent des relations ambiguës avec un banquier du nom de Zeus qui fait de l'acte gratuit une règle de vie.']

GILLE, Florent A., Lettres sur le Caucase et la Crimée, Paris: Gide, 1859 [550 pp.; 'Originaire de Genève, archéologue, écrivain militaire, directeur du département numismatique de l'Hermitage à St. Pétersbourg, publia plusieurs livres sur la Russie dont deux sur les musées de l'Ermitage et de Tzarskoé Selo. Ici description de toutes les régions du Caucase: la Géorgie, la Tchétchénie, l'Arménie, la Crimée et la fin du voyage entre Constantinople et Athènes.']

GILTCHENKO, N., "Le poids du cerveau chez quelques peuples du Caucase", Moscow: 1892 [11 pp.]

GIMBUTAS [GIMBUTIENE], Marija, Bronze Age Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe, Paris, The Hague & London: Mouton & Co., 1965 [681 pp., monograph by Marija Alseikaite Gimbutas (1921-1994), a Lithuanian-American archeologist known for her research into the Neolithic Bronze Age cultures of Europe, covers all central and eastern Europe: from Germany to the Urals and from Caucasus, the Black Sea and the lower Danube to the Baltic and Arctic Seas, and describes cultures between about 2000 B.C. and the beginning of the 1st millennium B.C.]

GINK, Károly, & GOMBOS, Károly, Örményország: tájak, várak, kolostorok, Budapest: Corvina, 1972 [Die Baukunst Armeniens, German translation from the original Hungarian by Irene KOLBE, Leipzig: E.A. Semann-Verlag, 1972.]

GINK, Károly, & TOMPOS, Erzsébet, Grúzia: kincsek, várak, kolostorok, Budapest: Corvina, 1973 [Georgien, German translation from the original Hungarian by Irene KOLBE, Hanau: Dausien, 1975.]

van GINNEKEN, Jacques, Contribution à la grammaire comparée des langues du Caucase, Amsterdam, 1938 [137 pp.]

GIPPENREITER, V., The Heights Ahead, Moscow: 1978 [With beautiful colour photographss of the Caucasus throughout.]

GIPPERT, Jost, Drei svanische Phonogramme ["Three Svan phonogrammes"], Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Phonogrammarchiv), 1987

GIPPERT, Jost, "The Caucasian language material in Evliya Çelebi's 'Travel Book': A revision", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

GIPPERT, Jost, Iranica Armeno-Iberica: Studie zu den iranischen Lehnwörtern im Armenischen und Georgischen ["A study of Iranian loan-words in Armenian and Georgian"], 2 volumes, Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1993 [451 & 389 pp., respectively.]

GIPPERT, Jost, "Hippologica caucasica", in ANREITER, Peter, BARTOSIEWICZ, LÁSZLÓ, JEREM, ERZSÉBET, & MEID, Wolfgang, Man and the Animal World: Studies in Archaeozoology, Anthropology and Palaeolinguistics — in memoriam Sándor Bökönyi, Budapest: Archaeolingua Alapítvány, 1998

GIPPERT, Jost, & SCHULZE, Wolfgang, "Some Remarks on the Caucasian Albanian Palimpsests", in Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. XI, No. 2, 2007 [pp. 201-211.]

GIPPERT, Jost, SARJVELADZE, Zurab, & KAJAIA, Lamara, The old Georgian palimpsest: Codex vindobonensis georgicus 2, Turnhout: Brepols, 2007

GIPPERT, Jost, & al., The Caucasian Albanian Palimpsests of Mount Sinai, 2 volumes, Turnhout: Brepols, 2008-2010

GIPPERT, Jost, "Daemonica Irano-Caucasica", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, "Die altgeorgischen Monatsnamen", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, "Mitteliranische Lehnwörter im Altgeorgischen", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, "Old Armenian and Caucasian calendar systems: the Albanian month names", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, "Strukturale Aspekte der svanischen Volkspoesie", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, & FRITZ, Sonja, "Wyryzmaegs Eselsritt: zum kulturellen Hintergrund einer ossetischen Nartensage", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, "Zur Überlieferungsgeschichte der Kartvelsprachen", 2009

GIPPERT, Jost, & TANDASCHWILI [TANDASHVILI], Manana, Georgische Gegenwartsliteratur — Eine Anthologie georgisch-deutsch, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2010

GIPPERT, Jost, "Relative Clauses in Vartashen Udi — Preliminary Remarks", in Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. XV, Nos. 1 & 2, 2011 [pp. 207-230.]

GIULINI, Gino, "Il Gran Re del Kasbek: Caccia allo stambecco del Caucaso", Milano: 1940 [9 pp. 'con fotografie, tavole fotografiche ed una cartina'.]

GLEN, William [the Reverend], Journal of a Tour from Astrachan to Karass: North of the Mountains of Caucasus: Containing Remarks On the General Appearances of the Country, Manners of the Inhabitants, &c., with the Substance of Many Conversations with Effendis, Mollas, & Other Mohammedans on the Questions at Issue between them and Christians, Edinburgh: David Brown, 1823

Gletscher und Landschaften des Elbrusgebietes (Ergänzungsheft zu Petermanns geographischen Mitteilungen 288), Gotha: O. Baume & J.Marcinek, 1998

des GODINS DE SOUHESMES, Raymond, Du Caucase à la Vistule, Nancy: Berger-Levrault & Cie., 1897 [28 pp.]

GOGITSCHAYSCHWILI [GOGITCHAISHVILI], Philipp, Das Gewerbe in Georgien, unter besond. Berücks. d. primitiven Betriebsformen, Tübingen: Laupp, 1901 [121 pp.]

GOGOCHURI, T., "ანდრეზის ჯანრობრივი თავისებურებანი" ["A classification of andrezi by genre"], in ქართული ფოლკლორი ["Georgian folklore"], XV, Tbilisi: 1985

GOLDEN, Peter, "The Turkic Peoples and Caucasia", in SUNY, Ronald Grigor (ed.), Transcaucasia: Nationalism and Social Change, Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications, 1983

GOLDER, Frank A., & HUTCHINSON, Lincoln, On the Trail of the Russian Famine, Palo Alto (CA): Stanford University Press, 1927 [Account of the American Relief Administration's efforts during the Russian Famine, 1921-1923, and a fascinating look at the Soviet Union in the early days following the Russian Revolution.]

GOLDSTEIN, Dara, The Georgian Feast: The Vibrant Culture and Savory Food of the Republic of Georgia, New York, HarperCollins, 1993

GOLOVIN, The Caucasus, 1854

GOLGOVSKAYA, X.Y., "The Caucasus and Its Flora and Fauna", in WIRTH, Horst (ed.), Nature reserves in Europe, Leipzig: Edition Leipzig, 1979

GOLTZ, Hermann, "Zur Christianisierung Armeniens im Spiegel des Hymnariums Saraknoc`[sic.] der Armenischen Apostolischen Kirche", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

GOLTZ, Thomas, Azerbaijan Diary — A Rogue Reporter's Adventures in an Oil-Rich, War-Torn, Post-Soviet Republic, M.E. Sharpe, 1998

GOLTZ Thomas, Chechnya Diary — A War Correspondent's Story of Surviving the War in Chechnya, Thomas Dunne Books, 2003

GOLTZ Thomas, Georgia Diary — A Chronicle of War And Political Chaos in the Post-soviet Caucasus, M.E. Sharpe, 2006

GONZALÈS, Emmanuel, Les danseuses du Caucase, Paris: E. Dentu, 1876

GÖPPERT, H.R., "Über das Vorkommen von Lias-Pflanzen im Kaukasus und in der Alborus-Kette", in Bulletin de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, St. Petersburg: Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1861

GORDON, Katherine, A Curious Life: the Biography of Princess Peggy Abkhazi, Winlaw (British Columbia): Sononis Press, 2002 [210 pp.; 'Born plain Marjorie Carter in 1902, by the age of three she was an orphan, her sole legacy bankruptcy at the hands of her alcoholic and gambling-addicted father. [...] She lived on the English Channel during the First World War; studied music in Paris in the bohemian twenties (where she met her future husband, Georgian prince Nicholas Abkhazi); and experienced life as an expat socialite in Shanghai during its racy thirties heyday,' &c.]

GORE, Patrick Wilson, 'Tis Some Poor Fellow's Skull: Post-Soviet Warfare in the Southern Caucasus, New York: iUniverse, 2008

von GÖRRES, Joseph, "Die Japhetiden und ihre gemeinsame Heimath Armenien" (Festrede für die Feyer des fünfundachtzigsten Stiftungstages der Academie am 28. März 1844), München: Weiß, 1844 [199 pp.]

GOTTSCHALL, Rudolf, Die Rose vom Kaukasus — Ein dramatisches Gedicht in zwei Aufzügen, Leipzig: Reclam, 1880 [52 pp.]

GOUCHINOVA, Elza-Bair Mataskovna, The Kalmyks, London: Routledge (Caucasus World: Peoples of the Caucasus), 2006

GOUDAKOV, Vladimir, Caucasiens, Cosaques et empires — Les relations interculturelles au Caucase du Nord-Ouest XVe-XVIIIe siècle, Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Voix du Caucase"), 2009

GOULBAT, A., Caucasian Legends, translated from the Russian of A. Goulbat by Sergei de Wesselitsky-Bojidarovitch, New York: Hinds, Noble & Eldredge, 1904

GOULD, Rebecca, "Behind the Wall of the Caucasus", in The Gettysburg Review, 2005

GOULD, Rebecca, "Chechens Through the Russian Prism", in Transitions Online, 2005

GOULD, Rebecca, "Language Dreamers: Race and the Politics of Etymology in the Caucasus", in Caucasus paradigms: Anthropologies, histories, and the making of a world area, 2007

GOULD, Rebecca, "Transgressive Sanctity: The Abrek in Chechen Culture", in Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 2007

GOULD, Rebecca, "The Modernity of Premodern Islam in Contemporary Daghestan", in Contemporary Islam: Dynamics of Muslim Life, 2011

GRADANOV, V.K. (ed.), Kultura i bit narodov Severnovo Kavkaza ["Culture and daily life in the northern Caucasus"], Moscow: 1968 [345 pp. 9 essays in Russian, including contributions by Volkov, Trofimov and Smirnov.]

GRAHAM, Cyril, The Avâr Language, London: published by Trubner & Co. for the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1881

GRAHAM, Stephen, A Vagabond in the Caucasus, With some Notes of his Experiences among the Russians, London: John Lane The Bodley Head, 1911

GRANT, Bruce, & YALÇIN-HECKMANN, Lale, Caucasus Paradigms — Anthropologies, Histories, and the Making of the World Area, Lit, 2007

GRASER, Gerhard, Zwischen Kattegat und Kaukasus: Weg und Kämpfe der 198. Infanterie-Division, 1939-1945, Tübingen: Kameradenhilfswerk und Traditionsverband der ehemaligen 198. Infantiere-Division, 1961 [391 pp.]

GRÄSSEL, Rose (ed.), Hans Schiltbergers Reise in die Heidenschaft, Hamburg: Claassen Goverts, 1947 [135 pp.; Schiltberger, a Bavarian nobleman, was a prisoner of the Turks and the Mongols from 1394 to 1427 in Asia Minor, Egypt, Turkestan, the Crimea and the Caucasus; see also BUCHAN TELFER, J., above.]

GREBENSHCHIKOV, O.S., "Vegetation structure in the high mountains of the Balkan peninsula and the Caucasus, U.S.S.R.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

GREENE, Stanley, GLÜCKSMANN, André, & CAUJOLLE, Christian, Open wound: Chechnya 1994 to 2003, Trolley, 2003

GREENE, Stanley, Chalk Lines: The Caucasus, Intervalles, 2009

GRECHKO, A.A., Bitva Za Kavkaz ["Battle for the Caucasus"], Moscow: Voenizdat, 1967 [Soviet history of operations against Nazi forces in the Caucasus. Grechko, one of the Soviet Union's top commanders, was later Minister of Defence of the U.S.S.R.]

GRIESSMAIER, Viktor, Sammlung Baron Eduard von der Heydt, Wien — Ordos-bronzen, Bronzen aus Luristan und dem Kaukasus, werke chinesischer Kleinkunst aus verschiedenen Perioden, a "Sonderpublikation" of the Wiener Beiträge zur Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte Asiens, Vienna: Krystall Verlag, 1936 [144 pp. with 78 ills., maps, &c.]

GRIFFIN, Nicholas, Caucasus: In the Wake of Warriors, London: Review, 2001

GRIFFIN, Nicholas, Caucasus: A Journey to the Land Between Christianity and Islam, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004

GRIGOLIA, Alexander, "Custom and Justice in the Caucasus: The Georgian Highlanders" (dissertation), University of Pennsylvania, 1939

GRIGOLIA, Alexander, "The Caucasus and the Ancient Pre-Greco-Roman Culture World", in Bedi Kartlisa Vol. VIII-IX, Paris, 1960

GRIGOLIA, Alexander, "Milkrelationship in the Caucasus, Its Function and Meaning", in Bedi Kartlisa Vol. XIII-XIV, Paris, 1962

GRIGORIAN, Anelka, "Le musée d'histoire d'Arménie", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 20-23.]

GRIGORIANTZ, Alexandre, La Montagne du Sang — Histoire, rîtes et coûtumes des peuples montagnards du Caucase, Georg Editeur, 1998

GRIMM, David Ivanovich, Monuments d'architecture en Géorgie et en Arménie, St Petersburg: A. Beggrow, 1864

GRIS, Henri, & MERLIN, Milton, May you live to be 200! — The Centenarians of Russian Georgia, New York: A.S. Barnes and Company, Inc., 1978

GRIVAT, Olivier, Les Vignerons suisses du Tsar

GRIVAT, Olivier, Les Vignerons suisses du Tsar, Chapelle-sur-Moudon: Ketty & Alexandre, 1993

de GROOTE, Eugène, Au Caucase, Bruxelles: Société belge de librairie, 1891

GROSSHEIM, A.A., & SHISHKIN, B.K. (eds.), Flora of the Caucasus, Vol. IV: Nymphaeaceae — Platanaceae, Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1950 ['Treats a range of polypetalous families with keys to genera and species, descriptions, distribution summaries and plates; the species are also provided with dot distribution maps covering an area between 38 deg and 50 deg E. and 39 deg to 46 deg. N. including an area of N.E. Turkey which temporarily fell under Russian control in the early 20th century.']

GROVE, Florence Crauford, The Frosty Caucasus — An Account of a Walk through Part of the Range and of an Ascent of Elbruz in the Summer of 1874, London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1875 [341 pp. with plates engraved by the noted English wood-engraver and mountaineer, Edward Whymper, from photographs taken during the journey by H. Walker.]

GRÜNBERG, Karl, Von der Taiga bis zum Kaukasus: Erlebnisse aus den zwanziger Jahren und später, Halle/Saale: Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 1970

GUDKOV, L.D., "Attitudes Toward Russians in the Union Republics", in Russian Social Science Review, Jan-Feb, 1993

GUDJEDJIANI, Chato, & PALMAITIS, Letas, Svan-English Dictionary, New York: Caravan Books, 1985

GUDJEDJIANI, V.I. et al., Coal Atlas of the Caucasus, Moscow: 1961 [168pp.; 'about 200 color and black and white illustrations on 49 plates'; also spelled 'GUDZHEDZHIANI'; in Russian.]

GUDSOW, Agube [most likely a pseudonym for CUNNINGHAME-GRAHAM, R.B.], The Princess Biaslantt: A Caucasian Story — With an introduction by R.B. Cunninghame Graham, London: William Heinemann, 1926

GUERASSIMOV, A., Congrès géologique international, XVIIe session: Excursion au Caucase, littoral de la Mer Noire, Paris: Congrès géologique, 1937

GUERIN, Françoise, Description de l'Ingouche, [un] parler du centre nord du Caucase, München: LINCOM, 2001 [424 pp.; No. 15 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

GÜGEL, Ernst, & WÜHR, Rudolf, Zweck und Zier: Antike Taschen aus dem Kaukasus und Nordwest-Persien

GÜGEL, Ernst, & WÜHR, Rudolf, Zweck und Zier: Antike Taschen aus dem Kaukasus und Nordwest-Persien ["Ancient Bags from the Caucasus and Northwestern Iran"], Traunstein: Städtische Galerie, 2010 [87 pp.; a catalogue of an exhibition featuring 80 bags from 3 private collections in Bavaria.]

GUGUSHVILI, A., "The Struggle of the Caucasian Peoples for Independence", in The Eastern Quarterly, Vol. IV, No. 4 (October 1951)

GUINOCHET, M., "Sur quelques relevés de phytosociologie sigmatiste pris au Tadjikistan et au Caucase", Birkhäuser, 1985

GULBIANI, "A Sketch of the Religious and Moral Life of the Svans" (Kratki ocherk religiozno-nravstvennago sostoiania svanetov), in S.M.C., Vol. X, No. 1, 1890

GÜLDENSTÄDT, Johann Anton, Reisen durch Rußland und im Caucasischen Gebürge — Auf Befehl der Rußisch-Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschafften herausgegeben von P.S. Pallas, 2 Volumes, St Petersburg: Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1787-1791

GUMILIEV, L.N., Searches for an Imaginary Kingdom: The Legend of the Kingdom of Prester John, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987

GUNTHER, Major A.E., Oil Fields Investigation, Part V, Section 1: Russia (U.S.S.R.): The Caucasus Expedition 1942-1943, London: 1946

GURDJIEFF, G.I., Meetings with Remarkable Men, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1945

GURKO-KRIAJIN, V.A., "The Khevsurs" (Khevsuri), in Novi Vostok, Vols 20 & 21, Moscow: 1928


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HAARMANN, Harald, "Measures to increase the importance of Russian within and outside the Soviet Union — a case of covert language-spread policy (A historical outline)", in International Journal of the Sociology of Language, Vol. VC, No. 1, 1992

HADJIBEYLI, Djeyhoun Bey, Le Dialecte et le Folklore du Karabagh (Azerbaïdjan du Caucase), originally published in the Journal Asiatique, Paris: Geuthner, 1933

HAGE, Wolfgang, Das orientalische Christentum, Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2007 [548 pp.]

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von HAHN, Karl H., Kurzes Lehrbuch der Geographie Georgiens (Sakarthwelos Respublika) und im Anhang des Kaukasus, Aserbeidjans und Armeniens, mit 2 Karten, zusammengestellt im Auftrag des ehemaligen Transkaukasischen "Deutschen Lehrerverbands", Stuttgart: Ausland und Heimat Verlag, 1924

HAKLUYT, Richard, The Principall Navigations, Voiages, and Discoveries of the English Nation in... the Empire of Russia, the Caspian Sea, Georgia..., London, 1589, also 1600 (3 volumes), and new edition 1809-1912

HALEN, Memoirs of Don Juan van Halen; Comprising the Narrative of his Imprisonment in the Dungeons of the Inquisition at Madrid, and of his Escape, his Journey to Russia, his Campaign with the Army of the Caucasus, &c. &c., 2 Volumes, 1830

HALL, "Caucasian relations of the peoples of the sea", in Klio, Vol. XXII, No. 3, pp. 335-344

HALLE, F. (ed.), Fra Finland til Kaukasus: Nordmenn på Østfronten 1941-1945, litt av deres historie fortalt av dem selv, Dreyer, 1972

HALLIBURTON, Richard, Seven League Boots, London: Geoffrey Bles, 1936

HAMANN, Brigitte, Bertha von Suttner — Kämpferin für den Frieden, Wien & München: Christian Brandstätter, 2013 [320 pp. The Countess von Suttner was 'an Austrian novelist and radical pacifist, the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and the second to be awarded the Nobel Prize'. This biography includes the story of her elopement to the Caucasus with her much younger husband in the late XIXth century.]

HANCAR, Franz, Urgeschichte Kaukasiens von den Anfängen seiner Besiedlung bis in die Zeit seiner frühen Metallurgie, Vienna (Heinrich Keller) & Leipzig (Anton Schroll), 1937

HANCAR, Franz, "Ein nordisches Streitwagenbild im östlichen Kaukasus" ["A nordic chariot in the eastern Caucasus"], in Forschungen und Fortschritte — Nachrichtenblatt der deutschen Wissenschaft und Technik, Nos 3 & 4, 1943, Leipzig: Barth [12 pp.]

HANN, Chris, and BELLER-HANN, Ildiko, "Samovars and Sex on Turkey's Russian Markets", in Anthropology Today, Vol. VIII, No. 4, 1992

HANSEN, O., "Die ossetische Literatur", in Kindlers Literatur-Lexikon, Vol. II, Munich: 1974

HANSEN, Svend, & MÜLLER, Johannes (eds.), Sozialarchäologische Perspektiven: Gesellschaftlicher Wandel 5,000-1,500 v. Chr. zwischen Atlantik und Kaukasus (Internationale Tagung 15.-18. Oktober 2007 in Kiel), Vol. XXIV of the "Archäologie in Eurasien" series, Berlin: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (Eurasien-Abteilung), 2011 [469 pp.]

HARIMTNYAN, Babken, "Die Diüzesan-Gliederung der Armenischen Kirche im Zeitalter Gregors des Erleuchters" ["The diocesal structure of the Armenian Church during the time of Saint Gregory the Illuminator"], in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

HARRIS, Walter B., From Batum to Baghdad Via Tiflis, Tabriz, and Persian Kurdistan, Edinburgh: W. Blackwood & Sons, 1896

HART, Anne, Adventures in My Beloved Medieval Alania and Beyond: A Time-Travel Novel Set in the 10th Century Caucasus Mountains, 2009

HARVIG, Bjørn, Kaukasus og kildevand — Historier fra en rejse til fods ("Caucasus and mineral springs — The story of a journey to the sea"), København: Gyldendal, 2012 [288 pp. Danish travel literature; judging by his portrait on the cover (bandaged feet), his journey involved walking great distances.]

HARTWIG, M., "Territorialkonflikte im Kaukasus: die Fälle Georgien und Aserbeidschan", in GIEGERICH, Thomas, & PROELß, Alexander (eds.), Krisenherde im Fokus des Völkerrechts / Trouble Spots in the Focus of International Law, Vol. CLXXVI of the Veröffentlichungen des Walther-Schücking-Instituts für Internationales Recht an der Universität Kiel, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2010

HASSENSTEIN, Dr B., & PETERMANN, Dr A., "Die Gruppe des Adai-Choch im Zentralen Kaukasus", in Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt, Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1889

HÄSSIG, Marc, ROLLAND, Yann, SOSSON, Marc, GALOYAN, Ghazar, SAHAKYAN, Lilit, TOPUZ, G., ÇELIK, Ö., AVAGYAN, Ara & Muller, Carla, "Large-scale obduction of preserved oceanic crust: linking the Lesser Caucasus and NE Anatolian ophiolites and implications for the formation of the Lesser Caucasus-Pontides Arc", in Geodinamica Acta, 26(3-4), 2013

HAUPT, Werner, Krim, Stalingrad, Kaukasus: Bildbericht der Heeresgruppe Süd 1941-1945, Dorheim: Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, 1969

HAUPT, Werner, Die Schlachten der Heeresgruppe Süd, Eggolsheim-Bammersdorf: Dörfler, 2005 [460 pp.]

von HAXTHAUSEN, August, Transcaucasia: Sketches of the Nations and Races Between the Black Sea and the Caspian, London: Chapman & Hall, 1854

von HAXTHAUSEN, August, The Tribes of the Caucasus: With an Account of Schamyl and the Murids, London: 1855

HAY, William W., MOHLER, Hans P., & WADE, Mary E., "Calcareous Nannofossils from Nal'chik (Northwest Caucasus)", in Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae Vol. LIX, No. 1, Basel: Schweiz. geologische Gesellschaft (Hg.), 1966, pp. 379-399

HEADLEY, J.T., Life in the Caucasus, New York: Scribner & Co., 1871

HECKEL, Vilém, Climbing in the Caucasus, London: Spring Books, 1958

HECKEL, Vilém, & ŠTYRSA, Josef, Sonne über den Kaukasus, Artia, 1960

HECKEL, Vilém, & CERNIK, A., Als Bergsteiger im Kaukasus ["In the Caucasus as mountaineers"], Prague: Svet Sovetu, 1968 [Translated from the original Czech into German by Erich Mach.]

HEDIN, Sven, Genom Persien, Mesopotamien och Kaukasien: Reseminnen, Stockholm: Albert Bonnier, 1887

HEGER, Franz, Der Kaukasus, Gebrüder Paetel, 1908

HENDERSON, Ebenezer, Biblical Researches and Travels in Russia Including a tour in the Crimea, and the passage of the Caucasus, with observations on the state of the rabbinical and karaite Jews, and the Mohammedan and Pagan tribes, inhabiting the southern provinces of the Russian Empire; with maps and plates., London: James Nisbet, 1826

HENNIGSEN, Charles Frederick, Revelations of Russia in 1846, by an English Resident, 2 volumes, London: Henry Colburn, 1846

HENRY, J.D., Baku: An Eventful History, London: Constable, 1905

HENZE, Paul B., The North Caucasus: Russia’s Long Struggle to Subdue the Circassians, Santa Monica: The Rand Corporation, 1990

HENZE, Paul B., The Transcaucasus in transition, Washington: The Rand Corporation, 1991

HERBERT, Casuals in the Caucasus — The Diary of a Sporting Holiday, 1912

HERODOTUS, The Histories, Everyman's Library, 1997

HEWITT, George, "Languages in contact in N.W. Georgia: fact or fiction?", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

HEWITT, George, & WATSON, Elisa, "Abkhazians", in Encyclopedia of World Cultures Vol. IV, Human Relations Area Files, Inc., 1994

HEWITT, George, A Georgian Reader with Texts, Translation and Vocabulary, London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1996

HEWITT, George, "Contribution to the Lexicography of Abkhaz", in OZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

HEWITT, George (ed.), The Abkhazians: A Handbook, London: Curzon Press, 1999

HEWITT, George, Introduction to the Study of the Languages of the Caucasus, Munich: LINCOM Europa, 2004

HEWITT, George, Abkhaz: A comprehensive self-tutor, LINCOM Student Grammars, 2010

HEYBROCK, Werner, "Caucasus glacier avalanches", in WRIGLEY, G.M. (ed.), Geographical Review, Vol. XXV, No. 3 (July 1935)

von HEYDEN, Bogislav, WATERSTRAAT, Ulrich, & WENDEL, Klaus, Gefangenschaft im Kaukasus 1946-1950: Drei Zeitzeugen erinnern sich, Münster / New York / München / Berlin: Waxmann, 2002

HEYFELDER, Oscar, & ANNENKOV, M.V., Transkaspien und seine Eisenbahn, nach Acten des Erbauers Generallieutenant M. Annenkow, Hannover: Helwingsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1888 [Vol. I of Rußland in Asien (6 vols.).]

HEYKING, Edmund, Reisebilder aus dem Europäischen Rußland und dem Kaukasus, Leipzig: Steinacker, 1878 [124 pp.]

HILTBRUNNER, Trudi, Petrofka: Zwei junge Schweizerinnen im Kaukasus, Bern: Blaukreuz-Verlag, 1992 [167 pp.]

HINTLIAN, K., "La communauté arménienne de Jérusalem", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 112-131.]

HIS, Wilhelm, A German Doctor at the Front, Washington: The National Service Publishing Company, 1933 [World War I memoir of this noted Swiss physician. The author (1863-1934) served as an advisory internist, mainly on the eastern front, the Caucasus, and Turkey.]

Histoire de la peste bubonique au Caucase, en Arménie et en Anatolie, Paris: G. Masson, 1876

"Historique sur les prisonniers du Caucase", in La semaine des enfants, Volume XIX, between Nos. 941 [3rd of October 1868] and 992 [31st of March 1869], Paris: Ch. Lahure, 1868

HODGETTS, Round about Armenia: The Record of a Journey across the Balkans through Turkey, the Caucasus, and Persia in 1895, 1896

HOEHLIG, Monika, Kontaktbedingter Sprachwandel in der adygeischen Umgangssprache im Kaukasus und in der Tuerkei, München: LINCOM, 1995 [300 pp.; No. 3 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

HOFFMANN, Paul, Die deutsche Kolonien in Transkaukasien, Berlin: Reimer, 1905 [300 pp.]

HÖFLING, Helmut, Der Löwe vom Kaukasus: Historischer Roman um den Volkshelden Schamil, Heilbronn: Salzer, 1990 [439 pp.]

HOFMANN, Tessa, Armenien und Georgien: Zwischen Ararat und Kaukasus, Leer/Friesland: Mundo Verlag, 1990 [393 pp.; a guide-book.]

HOFMANN, Tessa, Annäherung an Armenien, München: Beck, 2006 [278 pp.]

HOFRICHTER, Zdenko, Armenische Teppiche, Vienna: Druck Und Verlag Der Mechitharisten-Buchdruckerei, 1937

HÖHLIG, Monika, Kontaktbedingter Sprachwandel in der adygeischen Umgangssprache im Kaukasus und in der Türkei: Vergleichende Analyse des russischen und türkischen Einflusses in mündlichen adygeischen Texten, LINCOM Europa, 1997

HOLBROOK, Frederick, Through Turkestan and the Caucasus: A Letter from Frederick Holbrook to His Wife, 1916

HOLDER, H.W., "An Expedition to the Caucasus", in The Alpine Journal, Vol. XIV, No. 103, February 1889, pp. 177-200

HOLISKY, Dee Ann, "The rules of the supra or how to drink in Georgian", in Annual of the Society for the Study of the Caucasus, 1, 1989

HOMMAIRE DE HELL, Adèle, Voyage dans les steppes de la mer Caspienne et dans la Russie méridionale , Paris: Librairie de L. Hachette et Cie, 1860

HOMMAIRE DE HELL, Xavier, Les Steppes de la mer Caspienne, le Caucase, la Crimée et la Russie méridionale, 2 volumes, Paris: P. Bertrand, 1843-45

HOMMAIRE DE HELL, Xavier, Situation des Russes dans le Caucase, Paris: Rignoux, 1844

HONE, Dickinson, Persia in Revolution, with Notes of Travel in the Caucasus, 1910

HOOGASIAN-VILLA, Susie, & MATOSSIAN, Mary Kilbourne, Armenian Village Life Before 1914, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1982

HOPKIRK, Peter, Setting the East Ablaze: On Secret Service in Bolshevik Asia, London: John Murray Ltd., 1984

HOPKIRK, Peter, The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia, London: John Murray Ltd., 1990

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, The Sochi Project, Amsterdam: The Sochi Project, 2009 [512 pp. with 200 "four-colour" photographs of Sochi and its surroundings.]

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, Empty Land, Promised Land, Forbidden Land, Amsterdam: The Sochi Project, 2010 [272 pp. with 102 colour photographs of Abkhazia. 'We have spent the last four years travelling through the country, seeing how it is slowly trying to claw its way out of isolation. We visited the refugees in Georgia and described the attempts made by the Abkhazian government to repopulate the empty, war-ravaged country with new immigrants.']

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, Safety First, Amsterdam: The Sochi Project, 2011 ['Entirely composed of negatives which were damaged by x-ray scanners during our stay in Grozny. In the Chechen capital, these scanners are not only placed at the entrance to the airport or government buildings, but also to shops, gyms, restaurants and outside on squares.']

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, Life Here is Serious, Amsterdam: The Sochi Project, 2012 [46 pp. with 28 colour photographs of wrestling in the North Caucasus.]

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, Sochi Singers, Amsterdam: The Sochi Project, 2012 [80 pp. with 37 colour photographs of 'live musicians who belt out Russian chansons from behind an electric piano' in restaurants in Sochi.]

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, The Secret History of Khava Gaisanova, Amsterdam: The Sochi Project, 2013 [352 pp. with 107 colour photograps; 'Khava Gaisanova lives in Chermen, a village in the heart of the North Caucasus. In 2007 her husband disappeared, like so many men in the North Caucasus disappear without a trace—kidnapped, arrested or simply executed and buried in anonymous graves. Writer Arnold van Bruggen and photographer Rob Hornstra met her by chance and became intrigued by her story, which is drenched with blood, but punctuated by the will to survive. Hornstra and van Bruggen then came to the attention of the security forces, who ultimately prevented them from travelling through the region. Even the strong Khava was intimidated and her family has avoided all contact since.']

HORNSTRA, Rob, & VAN BRUGGEN, Arnold, The Sochi Project: An Atlas of War and Tourism in the Caucasus, New York: Aperture, 2013

HORSCHELT, Theodor, Im Kaukasus, Callwey, 1922

HOVANNISIAN, Richard G., Armenia on the Road to Independence, 1918, Berkeley (California): University of California Press, 1967

HOVANNISIAN, Richard G., "Armenia and the Caucasus in the Genesis of the Soviet-Turkish Entente", in International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. IV, No. 2 (April 1973), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973

HOVANNISIAN, Richard G., The Republic of Armenia, 4 volumes: I. The First Year, 1918-1919; II. From Versailles to London, 1919-1920; III. From London to Sèvres, February-August 1920; IV. Between Crescent and Sickle: Partition and Sovietization, Berkeley (CA): University of California Press, 1971, 1982, 1996

HRYNIEWIECKI, Bolesław, Résultats de deux voyages botaniques au Caucase faits en 1900 et 1901 — I: Route militaire géorgienne; II: Kakhétie; III: Côte de la Mer Noire, Moscow: Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, 1903 [134 pp.]

HUART, Clément, La Perse Antique et la Civilisation Iranienne, Paris: La Renaissance du Livre, 1925

HÜBSCHMANN, Heinrich, Etymologie und Lautlehre der Ossetischen Sprache, Strassburg: K.J. Tübner, 1887 [151 pp.]

HUGHES, Nicole M., JOHNSON, Daniel M., AKHALKATSI, Maia, & ABDALADZE, Otar, "Characterizing Betula litwinowii Seedling Microsites at the Alpine-Treeline Ecotone, Central Greater Caucasus Mountains, Georgia", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XLI, No. 1, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 2009

HUNT, David G., "The Association of the Lady and the Unicorn, and the Hunting Mythology of the Caucasus", in Folklore, Vol. CXIV, No. 1, 2003, pp. 75-90

HUNT, David G., Folklore of the N.W. Caucasus and Chechnya, unpublished [alas!], containing items selected and translated into English by the author from BARDAVELIDZE, J., Adygsky fol’klor ("Adyge folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 1994; BARDAVELIDZE, J., Chechensky fol’klor ("Chechen folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 1996; Kavkazsky Dom — Ubykhsky fol’klor ("Ubykh folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 1995; Kavkazsky Dom — Karachayevo-Balkarsky fol’klor ("Karachay-Balkar folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 1995; and SOKOLOV, Yu.M., Kabardinsky fol’klor ("Kabardin folklore"), Moscow: 1936

HUNT, David G., Folklore of Daghestan, unpublished [alas...!], containing items selected and translated into English by the author from ABAKAROVA, F., Darginsky fol’klor ("Dargva folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 1999; BEZHANOV, M., Skazaniya gorskikh yevreyev Kavkaza ("Stories of the Mountain Jews of the Caucasus"), Kazan: Tan, 1993; CHLAIDZE, L., Kumyksky fol’klor ("Kumyk folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 1999; CHLAIDZE, L., Tabasaransky fol’klor ("Tabasaran folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 2004; CHLAIDZE, L., Avarsky fol’klor ("Avar folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 2006; CHLAIDZE, L., Laksky fol’klor ("Lak folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 2006; CHLAIDZE, L., Lezginsky fol’klor ("Lezg folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 2006; CHLAIDZE, L., Tatsky fol’klor ("Tat folklore"), Tbilisi: Kavkazsky Dom, 2007; KHALILOV, Kh., Lakskie epicheskie pesni ("Lak epic songs"), Makhachkala: Dagestansky filial AN SSSR, 1969; KUKULLU, M., Zolotoy sunduk — skazki Tatov Dagestana ("The golden casket – tales of the Tats of Daghestan"), Moscow: Nauka, 1974; and OSMANOV, M.-Z., Darginskie skazki ("Dargva tales"), Moscow: Nauka, 1963

HUNT, Sir John, & BRASHER, Chris, The Red Snows: An Account of the British Expedition 1958, London: Hutchinson, 1960

HYDE, Clarke, Memoir on the comparative grammar of Egyptian, Coptic, & Ude, London: Trubner, 1873


IBBETSON, A., Tea: From Grower to Consumer, London: Pitman, 1910

"I Chefsuri", Milan: 1934 [11 pp.; 'stralcio con copertina posticcia muta con numerose illustrazioni e tavole fotografiche'.]

IGNATOV, P.K., Partisans of the Kuban, London: Hutchinson, 1944 [Sapper unit in the Northern Caucasus, whose speciality was blowing up bridges.]

IGORT [pseudonym], Les cahiers russes: La guerre oubliée du Caucase, Paris: Futuropolis / Gallisol, 2012 [Comic book on the war in ?Chechnya.]

ILYASOV, Lecha, The Diversity of the Chechen Culture: From Historical Roots to the Present, Moscow: UNESCO, 2009

"In the Caucasus Mountains", in SUTTON, Albert M. (ed.), Bulletin of the American Rock Garden Society, Vol. XXXIII, Nos 1 (January 1975) & 2 (April 1975) [Article in two parts.]

INADZE, M.P., Prichenomorskiye goroda drevney Kolkhidi ["The coastal cities of Colchis"], Tbilisi: 1968 [269 pp.]

INGLISIAN, Prof. Dr Vahan, Armenien in der Bibel: Studien zur Armenischen Geschichte ["Armenia in the Bible: Armenian historical studies"], Vienna: 1935

IORDANIDOU, Maria, Vacances dans le Caucase, traduit du grec par Blanche Molfessis, Arles: Actes Sud/Institut français d'Athènes, 1997

IRIKBA, Slava, "Phonological features of specialized baby lexicon (Caucasian data)", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

ISCHCHANIAN, B., "Nationaler Bestand, berufsmässige Gruppierung und soziale Gliederung der kaukasischen Völker; statistisch-ökonomische Untersuchungen", in Osteuropäische Forschungen im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft zum Studium Rußlands, Vol. I, Berlin u. Leipzig: Göschen, 1914 [81 pp.]

ITONISHVILI, Valerian J., Village Life of the Mountaineers of the Central Caucasus — Nakhs and Ossetians, Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1969 [308 pp.]

IVANOVA, I.V., "The Rite of the Reconciliation of Spillers of Blood in the Mountainous Zones of the Balkans and in the Caucasus", in Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, Vol. XXXII, No. 1, 1993

IVANTCHIK, Askold, & LICHELI, Vakhtang (eds), Achaemenid Culture and Local Traditions in Anatolia, Southern Caucasus and Iran — New Discoveries, Leiden: Brill, 2007

IVES, Jack D., "The Caucasus Symposium and Field Excursion: A Brief Account", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

JACOB, Anny, Von Rosen und Gärten im Kaukasus [Roses and gardens in the Caucasus], in Der Rosenbogen — Mitteilungsblatt des Vereins Deutscher Rosenfreunde e.V. Baden-Baden

JACOB, Anny, "Von Rosen und Gärten im Kaukasus" ["Roses and gardens in the Caucasus"], in Der Rosenbogen — Mitteilungsblatt des Vereins Deutscher Rosenfreunde e.V. Baden-Baden, No. 2, Baden-Baden: Verein Deutscher Rosenfreunde e.V., 1970 [The publication of the 'Association of German Rose-fanciers' in Baden-Baden.]

JACOBY, Heinrich, Reisen um den echten Teppich, Wiesbaden: Thielmann, 1952 ['Jacoby was the guiding force in Germany' largest and most powerful Oriental rug corporation. An affectionate look back at earlier days: the introduction, for example, talks of his first coming across Oriental rugs as a 20-year-old in 1902.']

JÄGER, B., Reise von St Petersburg in die Krim und die Länder des Kaukasus im Jahre 1825, nebst einer Darstellung des natürlichen Reichthums, der Größe und Bevölkerung der Russischen Provinzen jenseit des Kaukasus, Leipzig: C.H.F. Hartmann, 1830

JÄGER, Jacques, Wanderungen in Russland: Zeitbilder aus den Balkanländern, Central Russland, der Krim, dem Kaukasus und Central-Asien, Wien: C. Teufen, 1900

JÄGER, Jens, Die Bergnamen von Mtiulet-Gudamaqari (Struktur und Benennungsmotive), Jena: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, 2002

JÄGER, Jens, "Dialektbedingte Besonderheiten bei den Bergnamen von Mtiulet-Gudamaqari", in Namenkundliche Informationen, 83/84, 2003

JÄGER, Jens, "Vier Klassiker der alpinen Literatur zum Kaukasus", in Georgica, 26, 2003

JÄGER, Jens, "Wer war der Erste? Zur Geschichte der frühen Elbrusbesteigungen", in Georgica, 27, 2004

JAMES, Jeremy, "A Tale of Two Homelands: the Abkhasians", in Cornucopia, Vol. V, No. 1

JAVAKHISHVILI, Ivane (ed.), მასალები საქართველოს შინამრეწველობისა და ხელოსნობის ისტორიისთვის, ტომი II ნაწილი 2: ქსოვა, ღებვა, ქარგვა ["Materials for a History of Georgia's Domestic Industry and Handicrafts, Vol. II Part 2: Weaving, dyeing, embroidery"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1982

JAVAKHISHVILI, Ivane (ed.), მასალები საქართველოს შინამრეწველობისა და ხელოსნობის ისტორიისთვის, ტომი III ნაწილი 2: საჭმელი–სასმელი ["Materials for a History of Georgia's Domestic Industry and Handicrafts, Vol. III Part 2: Food and drink"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1986

JAIMOUKHA, Amjad, The Chechens — A Handbook, London: Routledge, 2005

JALLOT, Nicolas, Chevardnadzé: le Renard blanc du Caucase, Paris: Belfond, 2005

JANASHIA, Simon, "The Abkhazian Name of the Supreme Being", in Georgica, A Journal of Georgian and Caucasian studies Nos 4 & 5, 1937

JANASHIA, Simon, "The Religious Beliefs of the Abkhazians", in Georgica, A Journal of Georgian and Caucasian studies Nos 4 & 5, 1937

JANASHVILI, M., "The Georgian Beliefs" (Kartvel'skia poveria), in S.M.C., Vol. XVII, No. 1, 1893

JANASHVILI, M., "Abkhazia and Abkhazians" (Abkhazia i Abkhaztsi), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. XVI, 1894

JANBERIDZE, Nodar, & TSITSISHVILI, Irakli, Architectural Monuments of Georgia, Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1996 [376 pp. with numerous colour and black-and-white illustrations.]

JAPARIDZE, G., "Holidays, Customs and Beliefs of the Georgians of Ratcha" (Narodnie prazdniki, obichai i poveria ratchintsev), in S.M.C., Vol. XXI, No. 2, 1896

JASHVILI, A., Folk Medicine in Transcaucasia (Narodnaia meditsina v Zakavkazskom kraie), Tiflis

JELIKHOVSKY, V.P., Prince Iliko — The Little Prisoner of the Caucasus, Berlin: A.F. Devrien, 1931 [231 pp.; a novel in Russian.]

JELOSCHEK, Albert, RICHTER, Friedrich, SCHÜTTE, Ehrenfried, & SEMLER, Johanne, Freiwillige vom Kaukasus — Georgier, Armenier, Aserbaidschaner, Tschetschenen u.a. auf deutscher Seite: der "Sonderverband Bergmann" und sein Gründer Theodor Oberländer, Stocker, 2003 [374 pp.]

JENKINSON, Anthony, Early Voyages and Travels to Russia and Persia, by A.J. and other Englishmen (in the reign of Queen Elizabeth), 2 volumes, London: Hakluyt Society, 1886

JENTSCH, August, Vom Eismeer zum Kaukasus: 10,000 Kilometer durch die Sowjetunion, Wien: self-published, 1972 [207 pp. with 30 b&w ills.]

JERSILD, Austin, Orientalism and Empire: North Caucasus Mountain Peoples and the Georgian Frontier, 1845-1917, Montreal & Kingston, London, Ithaca: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003

JETTMAR, Karl, Art of the Steppes, New York: Crown(?), 1967 [Includes a description of Scythian archaeology in the Caucasus.]

JOANNE, Adolphe Laurent, Voyage en Orient, Bruxelles: Delevingue et Callewaert, 1850

JOB, Michael Dieter, "Probleme eines typologischen Vergleichs iberokaukasischer und indogermanischer Phonemsysteme im Kaukasus", in Europäische Hochschulschriften, Reihe 21/Linguistik, 2, Frankfurt: Lang, 1977 [190 pp.]

JONES, Stephen F., "Russian Imperial Administration and Georgian Nobility: The Georgian Conspiracy of 1832", in Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. LXV, No. 1, 1987

JONES, Stephen F., "The Establishment of Soviet Power in Transcaucasia: the case of Georgia 1921-1928", in Soviet Studies, Vol. IV0 No. 4, 1988

JONES, Stephen F., "Marxism and Peasant Revolt in the Russian Empire: The case of the Gurian Republic", in Slavonic and Eastern European Review, Vol. LXVII, No. 3, 1989

JONES, Stephen F., Socialism in Georgian Colors (The European Road to Social Democracy, 1883-1917), Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press, 2005

JORDANIA, Josif, "Georgian Folk-Singing: Its Source, Emergence and Modern Development", in International Social Science Journal 101, Unesco vol. XXXVI, no. 3, 1984

JÖRIS, Olaf, Der altpaläolithische Fundplatz Dmanisi (Georgien, Kaukasus) — Archäologische Funde und Befunde des Liegenden Fundkomplexes im Kontext der frühen Menschheitsentwicklung, Vol. LXXIV of the "Monographien des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums" series, Regensburg: Schnell u. Steiner, 2009 [216 pp.]

JOUSSAUME, Roger, Des Dolmens pour les morts: Les mégalithismes à travers le monde, Paris: Hachette, 1985 [398 pp.; contains references to dolmens in the Caucasus.]

JÜNGER, Ernst, Strahlungen, Tübingen: Heliopolis, 1949 [648 pp.; war diary. Jünger was sent to the Caucasus from the 24th of October 1942 to the 13th of February 1943 to document war crimes and to report back on officer morale. The book includes an account of his two "tours" in Paris during the war.]


KADICH, Hanns Maria, Erlebnisse im Kaukasus: Jagd- u. Waldfahrten, J. Neumann, 1921

KAISHAURI, L., მთიულური ტექსტები ["Texts from Mtiuleti"], Tbilisi: 1978

von KALNEIN, Wend, Georgisches Tagebuch: Fünf Jahre kriegsgefangen im Kaukasus, Osnabrück: Fibre Verlag, 2003 ['Am Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs geriet Wend Graf von Kalnein in russische Kriegsgefangenschaft und wurde ins sowjetische Georgien abtransportiert - vor ihm lagen fünf Jahre Lagerleben. Aufgrund seiner russischen Sprachkenntnisse zumeist in der Lagerverwaltung eingesetzt, hat er tiefe Einblicke in die Struktur der Lager, aber auch in die wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse im Spätstalinismus der Sowjetrepublik Georgien gewonnen. Eigene Beobachtungen, zahlreiche Gespräche mit Mitgefangenen, dem russischen und georgischen Lagerpersonal, aber auch die häufigen Kontakte zur Bevölkerung vermitteln lebendige Eindrücke vom Leben und der Arbeit der Kriegsgefangenen wie von den Menschen und der Natur Georgiens.']

KALTENEGGER, Roland, Gebirgsjäger Im Kaukasus: Die Operation 'Edelweiß' 1942/43, Graz: Stocker, 1997

KAMARAULI, A.I., Khevsureti, Tbilisi: Komunistis Stamba, 1932

KARA, György (ed.), Between the Danube and the Caucasus: Oriental Sources on the History of the Peoples of Central and South-eastern Europe, Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Research Group for Altaistic Studies), 1987

KARAM, Patrick, & MOURGUES, Thibaut, Les guerres du Caucase — Des Tsars à la Tchétchénie, Paris: Perrin, 1995

KARAWAJEV, Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen (Fortsetzung.), 1926

KARST, Prof. Joseph, Alarodiens et proto-Basques: contribution à l'ethnologie comparée des peuples asianiques et liby-hispériens, Vienna: Mékitharistes, 1928

KARST, Prof. Joseph, Prolegomena pelasgica; les Ligures comme substratum ethnique dans L'Europe illyrienne et ouralo-hyperboréenne; contributions à la prehistoire des peuples proto-illyriens et ligy-hyperboréens du Centre et de L'Est européen, considérés dans leurs rapports génétiques avec les Ligures et les Ibères hespériens ainsi qu'avec les Ibéro-Alarodiens de l'Asie intérieure., Strasbourg: Heitz, 1930

KARST, Prof. Joseph, Mythologie arméno-caucasienne et hétito-asianique: Répertoire des Antiques Religions Païennes de l'Asie Antérieure Septentrionale comparées avec le Panthéon Chamito-Sémitique, Pelasgo-Egéen et Hespéro-Atlantique, Strasbourg & Zürich: Editions P.H. Heitz, 1948 [400 pp., with a "glossaire exotique"]

KATTERFELD, Anna, Felician von Zaremba — Ein Christuszeuge im Kaukasus, Basel: Evang. Missionsverlag, 1939 [197 pp.]

KATZ, Albert, Die Juden im Kaukasus, Hugo Schildberger, 1894

KAUFHOLD, Hubert, Kleines Lexikon des Christlichen Orients, Wiesbaden-Erbenheim: Harrassowitz, 2007 [576 pp.; 'Until the emergence of Islam in the 7th century, the majority of the Middle East was Christian. The location of the various oriental churches ranged from Ethiopia to the Caucasus, and from the Mediterranean to southern India, Central Asia and China. This volume, which was first published in 1975, provides an overview of oriental Christianity from its beginnings to modern times. The new edition has been heavily revised and updated. Includes a comprehensive bibliography.']

KAUKASIELLI, K. [Alexander von Gamsachurdia], Der Kaukasus im Weltkrieg, Weimar: G. Kiepenheuer, 1916

"Kaukasische Reise: Christliches Erbe im Kaukasus", in Die Karawane — Vierteljahreshefte der Gesellschaft für Länder- und Völkerkunde, No. 1, Ludwigsburg: Karawane-Verlag, 1983 [84 pp.]

Kaukasus, Reichssicherheitshauptamt [RSHA] des Schutzstaffels [SS] der Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei [NSDAP], Wannsee-Institut, 1942

Kaukasus — Herausgegeben vom Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD, Reichssicherheitshauptamt [RSHA] des Schutzstaffels [SS] der Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei [NSDAP], Wannsee-Institut, 1942 [342 pp. with numerous tables and 10 maps; the 'SD' was the German Reich's Sicherheitsdienst i.e. security services.]

Kaukasus-Bergfahrten an der Jahrhundert-Wende, Bonn: Köllen, 1961 [55 pp.]

Kaukasus-Expedition 1928 der Sektion Hochland München des Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenvereins, München: Verlag Parcus & Co. (printer), 1928 [55 pp.]

KAUTSKY, Karl, Georgia, a Social-Democratic Peasant Republic, Impressions and Observations, London: 1921

KAZANSKI, Michel, & SOUPAULT, Vanessa, Les sites archéologiques en Crimée et au Caucase durant l'Antiquité tardive et le haut Moyen-Âge, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2000 [302 pp. with 206 illustrations; 'a volume devoted to the archaeological finds of late Roman and early Mediaeval periods in northern Black Sea littoral and eastern Pontus. This collection of articles discusses the relationship between West and East, North and South in Roman and Mediaeval times. Most of the articles offer analysis of archaeological finds and sites in Crimea studies in recent years.']

KAZANSKI, Michel, & MASTYKOVA, Anna, Les Peuples du Caucase du Nord — Le début de l'histoire (Ier-VIIe s. apr. J.-C), Paris[?]: Errance, 2003

KAZEMZADEH, Firuz, The Struggle for Transcaucasia (1917-1921), New York: Philosophical Library, 1951

KAZENIN, Konstantin, "Discontinuous nominals, linear order, and morphological complexity in languages of the North Caucasus", in Linguistic Typology, Vol. XIII, No. 3, 2009

KELLER, Otto, St Petersburg and its Environs, Finland, Moscow, Kiev, Odessa, Warsaw, Riga, A Tour on the Volga, The Crimea and The Caucasus. With Plans of St Petersburg and of the Environs of St Petersburg, Railway Map of Russia, Sketches of the Hermitage and of the Museum of Alexander II, St Petersburg: Kügelgen, Glitsch & Co. (printers), 1905

KEMPER, Michael, "Communal Agreements (ittifāqāt) and 'ādāt- Books from Daghestani Villages and Confederacies (18th–19th Centuries)", in Der Islam, Vol. LXXXI, No. 1, 2004

KEMPER, Michael, "The Changing Images of Jihad Leaders: Shamil and Abd al-Qadir in Daghestani and Algerian Historical Writing", in Nova Religio, Vol. XI, No. 2, 2007

KENNAN, George, Vagabond life: The Caucasus journals of George Kennan — edited, with an introduction and afterword, by Frith Maier; with contributions by Daniel C. Waugh, Seattle & London: University of Washington Press, 2003

KENNGOTT, Adolf, Beobachtungen an Dünnschliffen eines kaukasischen Obsidians, St. Petersburg: Russisch-Kaiserliche Mineralogische Gesellschaft zu St. Petersburg, 1869 [21 pp.]

KENTMANN, Paul, Der Kaukasus: 150 Jahre Russische Herrschaft, Leipzig: Wilhelm Goldmann Verlag, 1943 [276 pp.]

KEOLEIAN, Ardashes, ["Wholesome, dainty and economical dishes of the Orient, geographically the Middle East covering the Balkans to Persian and Arabia and Egypt to the Caucasus. Recipes adapted to American tastes and methods of preparation"], New York: Sully & Kelinteich, 1913

KERESELIDZE, D., "The Village-Community of Lanchkhuti, Department of Kutais, Ozurget District" (Lanchkhutskoe sel'skoe obsh'chestvo, Kutaisskoi gubernii, Ozurgetskago uezda), in S.M.C., Vol. XXII, No. 2, 1897

KER PORTER, Sir Robert, Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia, &c. &c. during the years 1817, 1818, 1819 and 1820, with numerous engravings of portraits, costumes, antiquities, &c., 2 volumes, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, 1821-22

KERR, James, Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, Chambers, 1967 [A geographical and economic study of the Baltic, Danube, Balkan, taiga and steppe lands and the Caucasus.]

KESSLER, Leo (pseud. of Charles Whiting), Blood Mountain, London: Futura, 1978 [Novel: Hitler's Stormtroop Edelweiss are ordered to conquer Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in the Caucasus Mountains. Features "Cossack tribesmen" and "the Red Ravens — Stalin's elite corps of women commandos". No. 2 in the Storm Troop series.]

KETTLER, Gertrud, Das Verbum finitum in der altgeorgischen Übersetzung des Markus-Evangeliums, Ménster: 1938

KEUN, Odette, Au Pays de la Toison d’Or, Paris: Flammarion, 1923

KHACHATRYAN, Hamazasp, "Le musée régional du Chirak à Gümri", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 50-51.]

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "The Tushes: Ethnographical Outline" (Tushini. Etnograficheski ocherk), in E.O., Vol.2, Moscow: 1889

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "Meskhis: Ethnographical Outline" (Meskhi. Etnograficheski ocherk), in E.O., Vol.21, 1891

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "The Customs of the Georgian Peasants during the Ploughing" (Obochai grusinskikh krestian pri pakhanii), in E.O., Vol.21, 1891

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "Fortune-tellers and Sorcerers in the Georgian Laws" (Gadateli i charodei po gruzinskim zakonam), in E.O., 13-14(2-3), 1892

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "The Communal Court among the Georgian Mountaineers" (Sud obsh'chini u gruzin-gortzev), in E.O., Vol. XVI, No. 1, 1893

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "An Agrarian Custom among the Peasants of Kakheti" (Zemledel'cheski obichai krestian v Kakhetii), in E.O., Vol. XXII, No. 3, 1894

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "Survival of the Old Custom in the Funeral Ceremonies of a Georgian Prince" (Perejitok starini v pokhoronom obriade gruzinskago kniazia), in E.O., Vol. XXXI, No. 4, 1896

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "A Strange Custom" (Strani obichai), in E.O., Vol. XLVIII, No. 1, 1901

KHAKHANOV, Alexander D., "'Papis' — Servants of Christ and the Christian Ceremonies Which They Perform in Svanetia" (Sludjiteli khrista "papi" i khristianskie obriadi imi otpravlia-emle v Svanetii), in E.O., Vol. LIV, No. 3, 1902

KHAJIEVA, T.M., & ORTABAYEVA, P.A.-K., Narty — Geroichesky epos balkartsev i karachayevtsev ("The Narts — The heroic epos of the Balkars and Karachays"), compiled and translated from Balkar into Russian by T.M. Khajieva, Moscow: Nauka, 1994 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

KHAPAYEV, S.A., "Dynamics of Avalanche Natural Complexes: An Example from the High-Mountain Teberda State Reserve, Caucasus Mountains, U.S.S.R.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

KHIZANASHVILI, David, "Pshavia and the Pshavs: Ethnographical Review" (Pshavia i Pshavtsi: Etnograficheskoe obozrenie), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol.18, Tiflis: 1896

KHOSHTARIA, Davit, თბილისი — ძველი სასტუმროები ("Old hotels of Tbilisi"), Tbilisi: Artanuji, 2011 [137 pp. with a summary in English and numerous illustrations.]

KHUDADOV, N.A., "Notes on Khevsuria" (Zametki o Khevsuretii), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. XIV, No. 1, 1890

KHUTSISHVILI, K., The Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus — Translated from the Russian by Galina Glagoleva, Moscow: Progress, 1980

KIBRIK, Alexandr E. (ed.), Godoberi, München: LINCOM, 1995 [303 pp.; No. 2 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

KIESLING, Gerhard, Küste zwischen Krim und Kaukasus — Urlaub am Schwarzen Meer, Leipzig: V.E.B. Brockhaus, 1962 [23 pp.]

KIGURADZE, Tamaz, Neolithische Siedlungen von Kvemo-Kartli, Georgien, München: Beck, 1986 [121 pp. with numerous ill.]

KIKNADZE, Z., ქართულ მითოლოგიურ გადმოცემათა სისტემა ["Georgian mythology — its system of transmission"], Tbilisi: 1985

KIKNADZE, Z., ქართულ მითოლოგია I: ჯვარი და საყმო ["Georgian mythology I: Shrine and religious community"], Kutaisi: 1996

KING, Charles, The Ghost of Freedom — A History of the Caucasus, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008

KINNEY, Charles Jr, BOHAN, Peter & BRIDGES, Sean, Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Living and Teaching in Caucasus Georgia (But Were Afraid to Ask), Createspace Independent Publishing Platform: 2013 [202 pp. 'A pragmatic, practical guide to living and teaching in Caucasus Georgia. Created by teachers and teacher trainers for teachers and travelers. 100[%] of profits go to education projects in Georgia. Includes the real 411 on culture, people, language, alphabet, communications, transportation, cities, places, weather, food, shopping, money, health, safety, sex, stuff, teaching and jobs. Pages of vital links, addresses and numbers to help you find what you want.']

KIRCHHOFF, Eberhard, Baku unverschleiert ["Baku without the veil"], ?München?: ?Edition Wort?, 2007 [92 pp.; the author, a poet, spent two years in Baku teaching German and establishing a language school; includes a poem on to the "erotic" national fruit of Azerbaijan, the pomegranate.]

KITIASCHVILI, Pierre, Du Caucase à l'Atlantique — De l'Armée rouge aux maquis de France, Self-published, 1985

von KLAPROTH, Julius, Reise in den Kaukasus und nach Georgien, unternommen in den Jahren 1807 und 1808, auf Veranstaltung der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg, enthaltend eine vollständige Beschreibung der kaukasischen Länder und ihrer Bewohner, 2 volumes, Halle: 'in den Buchhandlungen des Hallischen Waisenhauses', 1812-14 [With accompanying Kaukasische Sprachen: Anhang zur Reise in den Kaukasus und nach Georgien.]

von KLAPROTH, Julius, Geographisch-historische Beschreibung des östlichen Kaukasus, zwischen den Flüssen Terek, Aragwi, Kur und dem kaspischen Meere, Weimar: Verl. des Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, 1814

von KLAPROTH, Julius (ed.), J.A. Güldenstädt's Reisen nach Georgien und Imerethi, aus seinen Papieren gänzlich umgearbeitet von Julius von Klaproth, Berlin: Maurer, & Göttingen: Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, 1815

KLEIN, Hans, Es begann im Kaukasus — Der entscheidende Schritt in die Einheit Deutschlands ["It began in the Caucasus — The decisive step in the unification of Germany"], Berlin & Frankfurt am Main: Ullstein, 1991 [367 pp.]

KLEISS, W., "Le monastère arménien de Saint-Thaddée en Azerbaidjan", in Archéologia, No. 19 — "Les Cathares", Paris: 1967 [pp. 71-74.]

KLIMOV, Georgij A., Einführung in die kaukasische Sprachwissenschaft (translated from the original Russian into German by Jost Gippert), Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag, 1994

KLUGE, Theodor, "Studien zur vergleichenden Sprachwissenschaft der Kaukasischen Sprachen: I. Die Sprache der urartaischen Inschriften und ihre Stellung im kaukasischen Sprachenkreise", in Mitteilungen der Vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft, 5, Berlin: Wolf Peiser Verlag, 1907

KOCH, Prof. Dr Karl Heinrich Emil, Wanderungen im Oriente, während der Jahre 1843 und 1844, Weimar: Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, 1846

KOCH, Prof. Dr Karl Heinrich Emil, Reise in Grusien, am kaspischen Meer und in Kaukasien, Weimar: 1847

KOCH, Prof. Dr Karl Heinrich Emil, Die Kaukasische Militärstrasse, der Kuban und die Halbinsel Taman: Erinnerungen aus einer Reise von Tiflis nach der Krim ["The Caucasus Military Road, the Kuban and the Taman Peninsula: Memories of a journet from Tiflis to the Crimea"], Leipzig: Friedrich Fleischer, 1854

KOCH, Prof. Dr Karl Heinrich Emil, & KOCH, Therese Weichardt (eds), Der Kaukasus: Landschafts- und Lebens-Bilder, Calvary, 1882

KÖCHLIN-SCHWARTZ, Un Touriste au Caucase — Volga, Caspienne, Caucase, c.1881

KOESTLER, Arthur, The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and its Heritage, New York: Random House, 1976

KOFFMANN, M.-J., "L'almasty, yéti du Caucase", in Archéologia, No. 269, Paris: 1991 [pp. 24-43]

KOHL, Philip L., "Prehistoric Investigations in the Caucasus: International Research in an Arena of National Conflicts", in Altorientalische Forschungen, Vol. XXII, No. 1, 1995, pp. 87-102

KÖHLER, Marcus, Russische Ethnographie und imperiale Politik im 18. Jahrhundert, Augsburg: V & R Unipress, 2012 [299 pp.]

KOHLMEYER, Kay, & SAHERWALA, Geraldine (eds.), Frühe Bergvölker in Armenien und im Kaukasus, Berliner Forschungen des 19. Jahrhunderts — Ausstellung des Museums für Vor- und Frühgeschichte Berlin, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz und der Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, Berlin: Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, 1983 [84 pp.]

KOLOMIETS, Yuri, & SOLOVIEV, A., Trekking in the Caucasus, Milnthorpe (Cumbria): Cicerone Press, 1994

KONDRATSKAYA, Maria Dmitrievna, Uchis' kroit' i shitt' ["Learn to Make Patterns and Sew"], Alma-Ata: Kazgosizdat, 1958 [Illustrated book on dressmaking, with patterns and techniques for women's, men's and children's clothing, including traditional garb of the Caucasus.]

KONETZKA, Ulrich, Zwischen Ostsee und Kaukasus: Eindrücke von eine Reise, Bremen: Krüger, 1965 [127 pp.]

KONRAD, Rudolf, & RÜMMLER, E. Wolf, Kampf um den Kaukasus, München: Copress-Verlag, ?1954? [64 pp. plus plates.]

KONSALIK, Heinz Günther, Begegnung in Tiflis — Ein Roman um die Stewardess Bettina, die eine Flugzeugkatastrophe im Kaukasus überlebt, Köln: Naumann & Göbel, 2005 [352 pp.]

KONYALI, Ali, Doğu Karadeniz'de Kırsal Mimari / Rural Architecture in the Eastern Black Sea Region, (bilingual Turkish / English), Milli Reasurans Art Gallery, 2005

KÖPPEN, F.T., Geographische Verbreitung der Holzegewächse des europaischen Rußlands und des Kaukasus, 2 volumes, 1888

KOPYLOV, I., Le littoral soviétique de la Mer Noire, Moscow: 1957 [211 pp.; guidebook to the Black Sea coast.]

von KÖRBER, Lenka, Soviet Russia fights Crime, New York: E.P. Dutton & Company, 1935

von KORFF, Emanuel, Reise durch Rußland, Krim, Kaukasus, Transkaspien bis Samarkand, 1901, Berlin: Deutsches Druck- und Verlagshaus, ?1901? [286 pp.]

KORTEPETER, Carl Max, "Ottoman Imperialism during the Reformation: Europe and the Caucasus", in New York University Studies in Near Eastern Civilizations, No. 5, New York: New York University Press, 1972

KOTTHOFF, Helga, "Verbal Duelling in Caucasian Georgia", in QUASTHOFF, Uta M. (ed.), Aspects of Oral Communication, Berlin / New York: de Gruyter, 1995

KOTTHOFF, Helga, "The Social Semiotics of Georgian Toast Performances: Oral Genre as Cultural Activity", in Journal of Pragmatics, Vol. XXIV, 1999

KOTTHOFF, Helga, "Gender, Emotion, and Poeticity in Georgian Mourning Rituals", in BARON, B., & KOTTHOFF, Helga (eds), Gender in Interaction: Perspectives on Femininity and Masculinity in Ethnography and Discourse, Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2001

KOUDRIAVTSEV, Alexis, "De 'Ali Shami à Turpal Nokhtcho, "ancêtres arabes" dans les légendes historiques tchétchéno-ingouches", in AIGLE, Denise (ed.), Figures mythiques des mondes musulmans, Paris: Édisud, 2000

KOURNAKOFF, Sergei, Savage Squadrons, Boston: Hale, Cushman & Flint, 1935

KOUYMIJIAN, D., "Les arméniens aux Etats-Unis", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 136-137.]

KOUZNETSOV, Vladimir, & LEBEDYNSKY, Iaroslav, Les chrétiens disparus du Caucase — Histoire et archéologie du christianisme au Caucase du Nord et en Crimée, Paris: Érrance, 1999 [128 pp.; a history of Christianity and Christianization — Byzantine Orthodox, Georgian Orthodox and Western Catholic — in the Caucasus and the Crimea.]

KOUZNETSOV, Vladimir, & LEBEDYNSKY, Iaroslav, Les Alains — Cavaliers des steppes, seigneurs du Caucase (Ier-XVe siècle apr. J.-C.), Paris: Érrance, 2005 [281 pp.]

KOVALEVSKY, Maxim M., Law and Custom in the Caucasus (Zakon i obichaj na Kavkaze), 2 volumes, Moscow: 1890 [French translation in Journal des Savants, 1893, 24 pp.]

KOVALEVSKY, Maxim M., Coutume contemporaine et loi ancienne: Droit coutumier ossétien éclairé par l'histoire comparée, Paris: Larose, 1893

KOVALEVSKY, Maxim M., "La famille matriarcale au Caucase", in L'Anthropologie, Vol. IV, Paris: 1893

KRAMP, F.G., "Reis naar het Zuidoosten van Rusland en den Kaukasus", in the journal of the Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, Vol. IV, 1887 [11 pp.]

KRASCENINNICOWA, Maria, Il Caucaso (Studio Storico-Archeologico), Roma: Palombi, 1957

KRAUSE, Werner H., Kosaken und Wehrmacht — Der Freiheitskampf eines Volkes, Graz: Leopold Stocker, 2003 [320 pp.]

KREß VON KRESSENSTEIN, Friedrich, Meine Mission im Kaukasus, Munich: Bayerischer Hauptstaatsarchiv Abteilung IV, Kriegsarchiv, Handschrift HS 1. Weltkrieg No. 498, 1943

KRIEGENHERDT, Marlies, Georgien: Handbuch für individuelles Entdecken, Bielefeld: Reise Know-How Verlag Rump, 2008 [348 pp.; a guide-book to Georgia.]

KRIKORIAN, Mesrob K., "Addendum zur Diözesan-Gliederung Armeniens im IV. Jh." [see HARIMTNYAN, Babken, above], & "The Formation of Canon Law of the Armenian Church in the IVth Century", both in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

KRUPNOV, E.I., "The Cultural Unity of Ancient Caucasus and the Caucasian Ethnic Community — On the Problem of the Origin of the Native Peoples of the Caucasus", paper presented by the Soviet delegation at the XXVIth International Congress of Orientalists, Moscow, 1963

KRUZENSHTERN, Aleksandr Ivanovich, Précis du système, des progrès et de l’état de l’instruction publique en Russie, rédigé d’après des documens officiels par Alexandre de Krusenstern, Chambellan de S.M. l’Empereur de Russie ["A description of the organization, progress and current state of public education in Russia, based upon official documents, by Alexandre de Kruzenshtern, Chamberlain of H.I.H. the Czar of Russia"], Warsaw: Presses of the Bank of Poland, 1837

KUEHN, Sara, Monsters or Bearers of Life-Giving Powers?: Trans-Religious Migrations of an Ancient Western Asian Symbolism, DK Printworld, 2017 ['This well-illustrated volume seeks to explain an enigmatic and paradoxical symbolism common to many of the world religions, both polytheistic and monotheistic - that of the cavernous maw of a great monster. Drawing on a broad array of comparative evidence, including examples from Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions, it delves on the cross-cultural points of contact that may have contributed to the spread of such zoomorphic hybrids from Turkey, the Caucasus and Iran to the Indian Subcontinent. Straddling the boundaries between popular and textual traditions the gaping jaws of a great monster is a mythical paradigm of the bivalence of a deep-seated historic force: the yawning orifice of all-consuming death can as well symbolize the power of life or generative power' and so on and so forth.]

KÜHNE, Martin, Von Eisenach zum Kaukasus — Erinnerungen an Krieg und Gefangenschaft 1940 - 1944 - 1949, Norderstedt: Books on Demand, 2011 [276 pp.]

KUIPERS, Aert Hendrik, Phoneme and morpheme in Kabardian (Eastern adyghe), 's-Gravenhage (The Hague): Mouton & Co., 1960 [124 pp.; Janua Linguarum No. 8.]

KUIPERS, Aert Hendrik, A Dictionary of Proto-Circassian Roots (Peter de Ridder Press: Publications on North Caucasian Languages No. 1), Peter de Ridder Press, 1975

KUMAKHOV, Mukhadin, & VAMLING, Karina, "The Obligative Construction in Kabardian", in OZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

KUNZE, Thomas, & VOGEL, Thomas, Von der Sowjetunion in die Unabhängigkeit — Eine Reise durch die 15 früheren Sowjetrepubliken, Berlin: Christoph Links, 2011 [285 pp.]

von KUPFFER, Alfred Theodor, Voyage dans le environs du Mont Elbrouz, dans le Caucase, entrepris par ordre de Sa Majesté l’Empereur en 1829 — Rapport fait à l’Academie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, St Petersburg: 1830

von KUPFFER, Alfred Theodor, "Observations on the temperature of springs made during a voyage to Mount Elbrouz in Caucasus", in Edinburgh journal of science, Vol. IV, 1831

von KUPFFER, Alfred Theodor, "Account of the Russian Steppes: with geognostical observations made in a journey to the environs of Mont Elbroux, in the Caucasus, undertaken in 1829 by order of the Emperor of Russia", in Edinburgh journal of science, Vol. V, 1831

KURDGHELAIDZE, G., თუშეთი ["Tusheti"], Tbilisi: 1983

KURDOVANIDZE, Teimuraz, The Index of Georgian Folktale Plot Types, Systematic Directory, according to the System of Aarne-Thompson, Tbilisi: Merani Press, 2000

KURELLA, Alfred, Der schöne Kaukasus, Berlin: Verlag Kultur und Fortschritt, 1956

KURT, Eugen, Die Fahrt nach dem Kaukasus, (Strand Bücher, Vol. V), Dresden: Verlag Deutsche Buchwerkstätten, circa 1930 [92 pp.]

KURTSIKIDZE, Shorena, Georgian Folk Tales, Epics and Myths, Compiled and Translated by Shorena Kurtsikidze, Berkeley: 2004

KURTSIKIDZE, Shorena, and CHIKOVANI, Vakhtang, Ethnography and Folklore of the Georgia-Chechnya Border — Images, Customs, Myths & Folk Tales of the Peripheries, Munich: LINCOM EUROPA, 2008

KURTYNOVA-D'HERLUGNAN, Liubov, The Tsar's abolitionists: the slave trade in the Caucasus and its suppression, Leiden: Brill, 2010 [206 pp.]

KUSNEZOW [KUZNETSOV], Aleksandr A., Streifzüge im Kaukasus — Auf der Suche nach alten Waffen, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, 1984

KUTSCHER, Silvia, Nomen und nominales Syntagma im Lasischen — Eine deskriptive Analyse des Dialekts von Ardesen, München: LINCOM, 2001 [260 pp.; No. 17 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

KVASTIANI, Thea, & SPOLANSKI, Vladimir, Georgien — Unterwegs zwischen Kaukasus und Schwarzem Meer, Berlin: Trescher Verlag, 2010 [Guide-book for visitors to Georgia.]

KVESSELAVA, Mikheil, Anthology of Georgian Poetry, Tbilisi: State Publishing House, 1982


LADISHEVSKI, A.M., "Obichnoe semeinoe pravo cherkes", in Novi Vostok, Vol. XXII, Moscow: 1928 [German translation by A. Dirr published under the title "Das Familiengewohnheitsrecht der Tscherkessen" in the Zeitschrift für vergleichend Rechtswissenschaft, Vol. XLV.]

LADISHEVSKI, A.M., "Zur Erforschung der Rechtsgewohnheiten der Bergvölker des Kaukasus", in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. LXII, Berlin: Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, 1931

La Géorgie et la guerre actuelle, Zürich: Orient-Verlag, 1915

La guerre du Caucase: pièce militaire en quatre tableaux, Paris: Cirque d'hiver, 1877 [12 pp.; a ballet presumably shown at the Cirque d'hiver in Paris that year, 'direction Franconi': '1er Tableau: Le Bivouac; 2ème: Le Passage du Don; 3ème: La Grande Revue; 4ème: L'Attaque des Monts Oural'.]

LAGUTT, Jan K., Krieg um den Kaukasus, Zürich & New York: Europa Verlag, 1942 [44 pp., with 2 maps and some tables.]

LAJOYE, Patrice, "There is no 'Perun in the Caucasus'... but maybe an ancient Iranian thunder demon", in Studia mythologica slavica, XV, 2012 (pp. 179-184)

LAMBERTI, Arcangelo, Relatione della Colchida, hoggi detta Mengrellia, nella quale si tratta dell' origine, costumi e cose naturali di quei paesi, Naples: Camillo Cavalli, 1654

LAMBRY, Léon, Un drame au Caucase, Reims: Hirt & Cie., 1928 [156 pp.; novel]

LANG, David Marshall, Lives and Legends of the Georgian Saints, Selected and Translated from the Original Texts, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1956

LANG, David Marshall, The Last Years of the Georgian Monarchy, 1658-1832, Columbia University Press, 1957

LANG, David Marshall, "War medals and paper-money of Georgia in Transcaucasia (1915-24)", in Museum Notes, Vol. VII, New York: The American Numismatic Society, 1957 [11 pp. with 12 plates.]

LANG, David Marshall, A Modern History of Soviet Georgia, Grove Press, 1962

LANG, David Marshall, The Georgians, London: Thomas and Hudson, 1966

LANG, David Marshall, The Balavariani (Barlaam and Josaphat): A Tale from the Christian East, translated from the Old Georgian by David Marshall Lang, Berkeley (CA): UNESCO Collection of Representative Works, 1966 [187 pp.]

LANG, David Marshall, "Popular and Courtly Elements on the Georgian Epic", in Bedi Kartlisa, Revue De Kartvelologie Vol. XXVII, Paris: 1970

LANGE, Die Mineralwässer des Kaukasus, 1875

LANGE, Olaf, Kaukasus — Rejseminder og Skildringer, med Illustrationer i Teksten og et Kort, 1891

LANGLES, M.I. (ed.), Voyages du Chevalier Chardin en Perse et autres lieux de l'Orient, Paris: 1811

La otra Iberia: Etnografia de Caucaso occidental y central, Valencia: Diputacio de Valencia, 2004 [38 pp.; catalogue of an exhibition of the Museu de prehistoria i les cultures de Valencia, with a CD.]

LAPINSKI, Theophil, "Ein Opferfest bei den Adighe in Kaukasus", in Globus, Vol.2, 1862

LAPINSKI, Theophil, Die Bergvölker des Kaukasus und ihr Freiheitskampf gegen die Russen, nach eigener Anschauung geschildert von T. Lapinski (Tesik Bey), Oberst und Commandant einer polnischen Truppen-Abtheilung im Lande der unabhängigen Kaukasier, 2 volumes, Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe, 1863

LARUELLE, Marlène, & PEYROUSE, Sébastien (eds), Eclats d'empires — Asie centrale, Caucase, Afghanistan, Paris: Fayard, 2013

"La vie champêtre au Caucase", in Fermes et châteaux, No. 28, Paris: Pierre Lafitte, 1907

LAWRENCE, Marc, The Cossack Saber Manual, self-published, 2017 [117 pp. with b&w and colour illustrations. 'This manual is about the Shashka Saber used in Russia and the Caucasus Region of the Near East. This sword is as iconic as the Japanese Katana or the English Saber. It is known for its ability to draw cut as well as maneuver with speed in fight on a mountain trail or in the village streets. This manual is the only English translation of the 19th Century Imperial Russian Military Manual. It is for the Historical European Martial Artist as well as the Historian. This manual is filled with the origin methods translated in English and still in the original Russian used in the 19th the Century for teaching this amazing sword!.']

"L'axe Caucase-Éthiopie", in Christus — La spiritualité de l'Orient chrétien, No. 155 (July 1992), Paris: Assas éditions, 1992

de LÉBÉDEW, Olga, Histoire de la conversion des Géorgiens au Christianisme par le Patriarche Macaire d'Antioche (Traduction de l'arabe), Rome: Casa Editrice Italiana, 1905

LEBEDYNSKI, Iaroslav, Armes et guerriers du Caucase — Les traditions guerrières des peuples caucasiens, Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Voix du Caucase"), 2008

LEBEDYNSKI, Iaroslav (ed.), Témoignages anciens sur les Tcherkesses — Les Adyghés-Tcherkesses-Kabardes à travers les récits des voyageurs occidentaux, Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Voix du Caucase"), 2009

LEBEDYNSKI, Iaroslav, Contes populaires ossètes (Caucase central), Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Voix du Caucase"), 2010

LEBEDYNSKI, Iaroslav, Sur les traces des Alains et Sarmates en Gaule — Du Caucase à la Gaule, IVe-Ve siècle, Paris: L'Harmattan (Collection "Voix du Caucase"), 2011

"Le Caucase: paradoxe des indépendances", in Les Cahiers de l'Orient, No. 42, 1996 [158 pp.]

"Le Caucase: un espace de convoîtises", in Questions internationales, No. 37, May-June 2009

LECLERCQ, Jules Joseph, Du Caucase aux Monts Alaï: Transcaspie-Boukharie-Ferganah, Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit & Cie, 1890

van der LEEUW, Charles, Oil and Gas in the Caucasus and Caspian: A History, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000

LEGALCHER-BARON, Valérie, "La collectivization du cheptel ovin dans l’est de la Géorgie", in Cahiers du Monde russe, Vol. XXXV, No. 3, 1994

LEHMANN, John, Prometheus and the Bolsheviks, London: The Cresset Press, 1937

LEHMANN-HAUPT, Carl Friedrich, Vom Kaukasus zum Tigris und nach Tigranokerta, Behr, 1910

LEHMANN-HAUPT, Carl Friedrich, Armenien einst und jetzt, 3 volumes, Berlin: Olms Verlag, 1926-1931 [1,714 pp. with 496 ills., 3 tables and 3 maps.]

LEHNMANN, Albrecht, Gefangenschaft und Heimkehr — Deutsche Kriegsgefangene in der Sowjetunion, München: C.H. Beck, 1986 [201 pp. with 26 ills.; the author was interned in a POW camp near "Dwiric"(?) in the Caucasus.]

LEIST, Arthur, Georgien; Natur, Sitten und Bewohner, Leipzig: W. Friedrich, 1885

LEIST, Arthur, Das georgische Volk, Dresden: E. Pierson's Verlag R. Lincke, 1903

LEIST, Arthur, Das georgische Volk, Dresden: E. Pierson's Verlag R. Lincke, 1903

LEMERCIER-QUELQUEJAY, Chantal, "Co-optation of the Elites of Kabarda and Daghestan in the XVIth Century", in BROXUP, Marie Bennigsen (ed.), The North Caucasus Barrier — The Russian Advance toward the Muslim World, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992

LE MESSURIER, A., From London to Bokhara and a Ride through Persia, London: Richard Bentley, 1889

"Le monde est à vous: Républiques du Caucase", in Touring-Club de France, No. 894, 1977

LERCH, Wolfgang Günter, Der Kaukasus — Nationalitäten, Religionen und Großmächte im Widerstreit, Hamburg & Wien: Europa-Verlag, 2000 [188 pp.]

LERMONTOV, Mikhail, A Hero of Our Time, Penguin Classics, 1966

LERMONTOV, Sketches of Russian Life in the Caucasus, 1853

LERNER, Constantine B., "The 'River of Paradise' and the Legend about the City of Tbilisi: A Literary Source of the Legend", in Folklore Vol. XVI, Tartu, 2001

LESKOV, Alexander, Grabschätze vom Kaukasus — Neue Ausgrabungen sowjetischer Archäologen in der Adygee und im nördlichen Ossetien, Roma: Leonardo - De Luca Editori, 1991 [199 pp.; catalogue of an exhibition held in the Historisches Museum der Pfalz in the town of Speyer.]

"Les représentations du chien dans les antiquités du Caucase", in L'école française d'Extrême-Orient et ses récents travaux, Librairie des Arts et Voyages, Vol. III, No. 2, June 1926

"Lettres édifiantes et curieuses écrites par des missionnaires de la Compagnie de Jésus, collationnées sur les meilleures éditions, et enrichies de nouvelles notes", in Mémoires du Levant, Vol. V, Paris: Au Bureau [de la Compagnie de Jésus] Rue Palatine & Gaume Frères, 1830

LEVIER, Émile, À travers le Caucase — Notes et impressions d'un botaniste, Neuchâtel: Attinger, 1894

LEVIN, Isidor (ed.), Märchen aus dem Kaukasus, Münich: Diederichs, 1978

LEWIS, David, After Atheism: Religion and Ethnicity in Russia and Central Asia, London: Routledge (Caucasus World), 2000

LIMPER, Bernhard, Die Mongolen und die christlichen Völker des Kaukasus: eine Untersuchung zur politischen Geschichte Kaukasiens im 13. und beginnenden 14. Jahrhundert, Köln: 1980

LINDE, Günter, & APT, Semjon, Kaukasisches Mosaik, Leipzig: A. Brockhaus Verl., 1970 [214 pp.]

"Linturali", in E.O., Vol. I, 1889

LIOUBINE, V.P., L'acheuléen du Caucase, Liège: Études et Recherches Archéologiques de l'Université de Liège, 2002 ['A report on a series of Acheulean sites from the Caucasus including details on their geography, history of research, stratigraphy, method of investigation, anthropology, lithics, chronology and faunal remains. The cave sites include Azikh, Koudaro I and III, Tsona, Akhchtyr and Treugolnaya, as well as a number of open-air sites. Evidence from all the sites are discussed in general in the final chapter.']

LONGSTAFF, Tom, This my Voyage, London: John Murray, 1950 [Longstaff climbed extensively in the Alps, the Caucasus, the Himalayas, Selkirk, the Rocky Mountains, Greenland, and Spitsbergen. First ascents of Tiktingen, Latsga, Lakra, Bashiltau and the West Peak of Shkhara were achieved during a trip to the Caucasus in 1903.]

LONGWORTH, J.A., A Year among the Circassians, 2 vols., London: 1840

L'or des Scythes — Trésors de l'Ermitage, Leningrad, Bruxelles: Musée royaux d'art de d'histoire, 1991 [263 pp., 170 colour illustrations; catalogue of an exhibition held in 1991]

LORDKIPANIDZÉ, M., "Chefs-d'œuvre de la glyptique [géorgienne]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 80-84.]

LORDKIPANIDZÉ, Otar, "L'archéologie géorgienne", "L'or de la Colchide: mythe ou réalité?", & "L'Ibérie caucasienne", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 14-17, 60-69 & 70-79, respectively.]

LORDKIPANIDZÉ, Otar, & LÉVÊQUE, Pierre, Le Pont-Euxin vu par les Grecs, Besançon: Annales Littéraires de l’Université de Besançon, 1990

LORDKIPANIDZÉ, Otar, "The Golden Fleece: Myth, Euhemeristic Explanation and Archaeology", in Oxford Journal of Archaeology, Vol. XX, No.1, 2001

LOTTER, Tobias Conrad, Magni Turcarum Dominatoris Imperium ["The Empire of the Great Turk"], Augsburg: 1770

v. LÖWIS OF MENAR, August Arthur, "Eine Umformung der Gregoriuslegende im Kaukasus", in Zeitschrift des Vereins für Volkskunde, Vol. XX, 1910

v. LÖWIS OF MENAR, August Arthur, "Nordkaukasische Steingeburtsagen", in Archiv für Religionswissenschaft, Vol. XIII, 1910

de LUCA, I tesori dei Kurgani del Caucaso settentrionale, Locarno: Locarno Archaeological Museum, 1990 [Sums up Soviet archaeological findings in North Ossetia; catalogue of an exhibition held in Locarno Sept.-Nov. 1990]

LUCAS, James, Alpine Elite: German Mountain Troops of World War II, London: Jane's Publishing Inc., 1980 [Contains a chapter on the Caucasus (1942), and includes the order of battle for Gebirgsjäger formations: Divisions, Corps, Armies and the Hochgebirgsjäger battalions of the German Army. Divisions, Corps and the Tartar Brigade of the Waffen SS. The organization, tactics and equipment of Gebirgs units. Mountain artillery, uniforms and specialist equipment, the senior commanders of the Gebirgs formations of the German Army.]

LUCASSEN, Wim J.M., "Reflexes of salient Proto-North-West-Caucasian labial-initial complexes", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

LUCASSEN, Wim J.M., "Ubykh's Position in Northwest Caucasian", in OZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

LÜDERS, Ulrich, "The Laz verbal complex: principles of organisation", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

LUENEMANN, G.H., Descriptio Caucasi, Lipsiae, 1803

LUKE, Sir Harry Charles, More Moves on an Eastern Chequerboard, 1935

LUKE, Sir Harry Charles, Cities and Men — An Autobiography, 3 volumes, London: Geoffrey Bles, 1953 [Notably Vol. II; Luke, having replaced Wardrop, was British Commissioner in Transcaucasia 1919-1920.]

LULJE, L., "The Land Occupied by the Circassians" (Obsh'chi vzgliad na strani, zanimaemia narodami nazivaemimi cherkesami), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. IV, Tiflis: 1857

LUTSCH, Thomas, Krieg & Gefangenschaft: Erinnerungen an den Zweiten Weltkrieg und die Gefangenschaft im Kaukasus, Unna: Friedrichsborn, 2010

LUZBETAK, Louis, Marriage and the family in Caucasia, Vienna: St Gabriel’s Mission Press, 1951

LYALL, Robert, Travels in Russia, the Krimea, the Caucasus, and Georgia, London: T. Cadell and Edinburgh: W. Blackwood, 1825 (2 vols)

LYNCH, H.F.B., Armenia: Travels and Studies, London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1901

LYONNET, Bertille (ed.), Les Cultures du Caucase (VIe-IIIe millénaires avant notre ère) — Leurs relations avec le Proche-Orient, Paris: CNRS Editions, 2007

de LYSAKOWSKI, Charles, "L'éruption de Kvareli et les salses du Caucase et de la Crimée", in Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, Paris: January 1908


MACHABELI, S.V.L., "Economic Conditions of Life among the Peasants of Tionet District" (Ekonomicheskoe sostoianie krestian Tionetskago uezda), in Material for the Investigation of Living Conditions of Peasants in Transcaucasia, Vols I & V

MACINTOSH, A.F., A military tour in European Turkey, the Crimea, and on the eastern shores of the Black Sea: including routes across the Balkan into Bulgaria, and excursions in the Turkish, Russian, and Persian provinces of the Caucasus range; with strategical observations on the probable scene of the operations of the Allied Expeditionary Force, London: Longman, 1854 (2 vols)

MACHAVARIANI, D., & BARTOLOMEI, I.A., "Information concerning Samurzacan" (Nechto o Samurzakani), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. IV, Tiflis: 1864

von MACKENSEN, Eberhardt, "Vom Bug zum Kaukasus — Das III. Panzerkorps im Feldzug gegen Sowjetrußland 1941/42", in Die Wehrmacht im Kampf, Volume 42, Kurt Vowinkel, 1967

MACLEAN, Fitzroy, To Caucasus, the End of all the Earth, an Illustrated Companion to the Caucasus and Transcaucasia, Jonathan Cape, 1976

MACLEAN, Fitzroy, Holy Russia: A Historical Companion to European Russia, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1978

MACPHEE, Craig, Roll Over Joe Stalin: Struggling with Post-Soviet Reform in the Caucasus, iUniverse: 2005

Magazin Fur Die Neueste Geschichte Der Evangelischen Missions- Und Bibelgesellschaften (Zehnter Jahrgang), Basel: Mission Institutes zu Basel, 1825 [part 3 deals largely with the Caucasus]

MAGGIO, Francisco-Maria, Syntagmata Linguarum Orientalum quae in Georgiae Regionibus Audiuntur [the earliest Georgian grammar], Rome (Vatican City): Sagra Congregatione de Propaganda Fide, 1643

MAHÉ, Jean-Pierre, "La langue et la littérature arméniennes", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 82-87.]

MAHÉ, Jean-Pierre, "Die Bekehrung Transkaukasiens: Eine Historiographie mit doppeltem Boden", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

MAHÉ, Jean-Pierre, Philologie et historiographie du Caucase chrétien, Paris: École pratique des hautes études, 2005

MAHR, Gustav (ed.), Frühe Bergvölker in Armenien und im Kaukasus: Berliner Forschungen des 19. Jahrhunderts, Berlin: Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte, 1983 [84 pp.]

MAHUZIER, Albert, Hiver en Sibérie — Caucase et Asie Centrale, Paris: Presses de la Cité, 1966

MAHUZIER, Albert, "La Géorgie médiévale", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 87-91.]

MAHUZIER, Katia, & MAHUZIER, Alain, Les Mahuzier au Caucase, Paris: Presses de la Cité, 1982

MAHUZIER, Katia, MAHUZIER, Alain, & MAHUZIER, François, Timothée au Caucase, Boulogne: Éditions Mahuzier, 1986

MAILLART, Ella, Parmi la jeunesse russe — De Moscou au Caucase en 1930, Lausanne: Éditions 24 Heures, 1989

MAISTRE, Les Prisonniers du Caucase, 1907

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Mtis Ratch'a, Tbilisi: 1930

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Mtiuleti, Tbilisi: სახელგამი, 1930 [Online in full (compressed JPGs in a WinRAR folder) here.]

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Tusheti, Tbilisi: 1933 [Online in full (compressed JPGs in a WinRAR folder) here.]

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Khevi, Tbilisi: 1934 [Online in full (compressed JPGs in a WinRAR folder) here.]

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Pshavi, Tbilisi: 1934 [Online in full (compressed JPGs in a WinRAR folder) here.]

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Khevsureti, Tbilisi: Komunistis Stamba, 1935

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, სამეგრელოს ისტორია და ეთნოგრაფია ["History and Ethnography of Samegrelo"], Tbilisi: საქართველოს მხარეთმცოდნეობის საზოგადოება ["Society for the Study of Georgia's Regions"], 1941

MAK'ALATIA, Sergi, Atenis Kheoba, 1959

MAKHMUDOVA, Svetlana, Parlons routoul — Caucase, Daghestan, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2012

MAKSIMOV, E., "Chechentsy" [Chechens], in Terskii Sbornik, Vladikavkaz: Terskii Oblastnoi Statisticheskii Komitet, 1893

MALININ, K.N., "Bride Price and Marriage Portion among the Mountaineers of the Caucasus" (O svadebnikh platejakh i o pridannom u kavkazskikh gortsev), in E.O., Vol. VI, No. 3, 1890

MALPICA, Cesare (ed.), Russia: Panorama dell' universo sroria e descrizione di tutti i popoli ["Russia: A panorama of its territories and a description of all its peoples"], 3 volumes, Naples: 1859

MALSAGOV, A.O., Skazki i legendy ingushey i chechentsev ("Tales and legends of the Ingush and Chechens"), compiled and translated from Ingush by A.O. Malsagov, Moscow: Nauka, 1983 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

MAMALADZE, T., "Customs and Beliefs of the Georgians of Guria" (Narodnie obichai i poveria gurjitsev), in S.M.C., Vol. XVII, No. 2, 1893

MAMEDOV, A., "Alpab. Lezgian Beliefs." (Alpab. Lezginskoe poverie.), in S.M.C., Vol. XIII, No. 2, 1892

MAMOULIA, Georges, "Le Caucase dans les plans stratégiques de l’Allemagne (1941-1945)", in SOUTOU, Georges-Henri (ed.), Histoire des rapports diplomatico-stratégiques (Cahiers du Centre d'études d'histoire de la défense), Vol. II, No. 29, Paris: Secrétariat général pour l'administration du Ministère de la défense, 2006

de MANDEVILLE, Jehan, The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, 1371 [the oldest known manuscript, now in the Bibliothèque de France]

MANN, Stuart E., An Armenian Historical Grammar in Latin Characters, London: Luzac & Company Ltd, 1968

MANNING, Paul, " 'Split locativity' in Old Georgian and Svan", in NSL 7: Linguistic Studies on the Non-Slavic Languages of the C.I.S. and the Baltic Republics, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1991

MANNING, Paul, " 'Mi' and 'mo' revisited: Global indexical coding and the category of 'orientation' in Old Georgian", in NSL 8: Linguistic Studies on the Non-Slavic Languages of the C.I.S. and the Baltic Republics, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1993

MANNING, Paul, "Indexical categories in the Old Georgian relative clause: 'ese', 'ege', 'igi' ", in NSL 9: Linguistic Studies on the Non-Slavic Languages of the C.I.S. and the Baltic Republics, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1995

MANNING, Paul, "Quotative clitic 'spreading' in NE Georgian Mountain dialects", paper presented to the 31st Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Parasession on Clitics, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1995

MANNING, Paul, "Hypostasis, explanation, and the Old Georgian local case system", paper presented to the conference on Functionalism and Formalism in Linguistic Theory, Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin, 1996

MANNING, Paul, "The social poetics of Ilia Chavchavadze's Mgzavris C'erilebi ['Letters of a Traveler'] and the invention of Georgian dialect", paper presented to the Conference on the Cultures of Caucasia, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1999

MANNING, Paul, "Peasant in form, gentry in content: The representation of Mokhevian dialect in Ilia Chavchavadze's Mgzavris C'erilebi", paper presented to the Michigan-Chicago Graduate Student Conference in Linguistic Anthropology, Chicago: University of Chicago, 2000

MANNING, Paul, "Voicing the Terek river's roar: the rhetoric of Georgian dialect in Georgian critiques of colonialism", paper presented to a meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Washington (DC), 2001

MANNING, Paul, "Reflections on the 'Meetings': the metapragmatics of 'democratic' oratory in post-socialist Georgia", paper presented to a meeting of the American Anthropological Association, New Orleans, 2002

MANNING, Paul, "The 'Supra' and the State: images of the Georgian feast from the Soviet humor magazine 'Niangi' (1933-1990)", paper presented at the 10th annual Kutaisi Discussions, 2003

MANNING, Paul, "Renters and Real Tbilisians: Historicizing the Georgian city as an ethnolinguistic category", paper presented to a meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, 2003

MANNING, Paul, "Tarragon pop: Ethnographic brand in the post-socialist economy of Georgia", paper presented to a meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Washington (DC), 2005

MANNING, Paul, "The Epoch of Magna: Brand Totemism and the Imagined Transition/Translation from Socialism to Post-Socialism in Georgia", paper presented to a meeting of the Society for Cultural Anthropology, Milwaukee, 2006

MANNING, Paul, "Idolaters without images and images of idolatry: Orthodox and Intelligentsia discourses about the Georgian 'pagan' mountain peoples", paper presented to a meeting of the American Anthropological Association, 2006

MANNING, Paul, "Folklore and Terror in Georgia’s ‘Notorious’ Pankisi Gorge", paper delivered at AES/CASCA, panel organized by Anne Meneley and Ted Swedenburg, Toronto, 2007

MANNING, Paul, Strangers in a Strange Land: Occidentalist Publics and Orientalist Geographies in Nineteenth-Century Georgian Imaginaries, Brighton (MA): Academic Studies Press, 2012 [348 pp.; 'Manning examines the formation of nineteenth-century intelligentsia print publics in the former Soviet republic of Georgia both anthropologically and historically. At once somehow part of "Europe," at least aspirationally, and yet rarely recognized by others as such, Georgia attempted to forge European style publics as a strong claim to European identity. These attempts also produced a crisis of self-definition, as European Georgia sent newspaper correspondents into newly reconquered Oriental Georgia, only to discover that the people of these lands were strangers. In this encounter, the community of "strangers" of European Georgian publics proved unable to assimilate the people of the "strange land" of Oriental Georgia. This crisis produced both notions of Georgian public life and European identity which this book explores.']

MANNING, Paul, Love Stories: Language, Private Love and Public Romance in Georgia, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015 [192 pp.; 'In the remote highlands of the country of Georgia, a small group of mountaindwellers called the Khevsurs used to express sexuality and romance in ways that appear to be highly paradoxical. On the one hand, their practices were romantic, but could never lead to marriage. On the other hand, they were sexual, but didn't correspond to what North Americans, or most Georgians, would have called sex. These practices were well documented by early ethnographers before they disappeared completely by the midtwentieth century, and have become a Georgian obsession. In this fascinating book, Manning recreates the story of how these private, secretive practices became a matter of national interest, concern, and fantasy. Looking at personal expressions of love and the circulation of these narratives at the broader public level of the modern nation, Love Stories offers an ethnography of language and desire that doubles as an introduction to key linguistic genres and to the interplay of language and culture.']

MARBAULT(?), Essai sur le commerce de Russie, avec l'histoire de ses découvertes ["Essay on commerce in Russia, with a history of the country's discoveries"], Amsterdam: 1777

MARCHANI, Elizabeth E., WATKINS, W. Scott, BULAYEVA, Kazima, HARPENDING, Henry C. & JORDE, Lynn B., "Culture creates genetic structure in the Caucasus: Autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y-chromosomal variation in Daghestan", in BMC Genetics, 9(47), 2008

MARGIANI, D., "The Svans: Some Traits of Their Manners of Life" (Svaneti. Nekotoria cherti bita.), in S.M.C., Vol. X, No. 1, 1890

MARGOSHVILI, L. Iu., "Kisty pankisi (Istorikoetnograficheskoe issledovanie)" ("The Kists of the Pankisi Gorge — A historical-ethnographical study"), PhD dissertation, Georgian Academy of Sciences, 1969

MARGWELASCHWILI [MARGVELASHVILI], T., "Der Kaukasus und der alte Orient", in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie — Organ der Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, Vol. LXIX, Nos. 4 & 5, Berlin: Verlag Julius Springer, 1938

MARKEDONOV, Sergey, The 2014 Sochi Olympics: A Patchwork of Challenges, Lanham (Maryland): Rowman & Littlefield, 2014 ['By placing Sochi within the domestic political, regional, and geopolitical contexts, this report examines the myriad challenges facing the Sochi Olympics that could affect the Games. It also examines Russia's policy response to these challenges and its preparations for the Games, as well as the work that still needs to be done.']

MARKOVIN, V.I., "Western Caucasian Dolmens", in Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, Vol. XLI, no. 4 (Spring 2002)

MARKWART, Josef, "Woher stammt der Name Kaukasus?", in Caucasica, Fasc. 6, Leipzig: 1930

MARMIER, Xavier, Du Danube au Caucase — Voyages et littérature, Paris: Garnier Frères, 1854

MARR, Nikolai Iakovlevich, "On the Religious Beliefs of the Abkhazians", in Georgica, Nos 4 & 5, published for the Georgian Historical Society by Stephen Austin & Sons, Ltd., Hertford

MARR, Nikolai Iakovlevich, "The Gods of Pagan Georgia" (Bogi iazicheskoi Gruzii), in Zapiski (Memoirs) of the Oriental Div. Imper. Russ. Archaeol. Soc., Vol. XIV, St Petersburg: 1902

MARR, Nikolai Iakovlevich, Der japhetische Kaukasus und das dritte ethnische Element im Bildungsprozess der mittelländischen Kultur — Aus dem Russischen übersetzt von F. Braun ["The Japhetic Caucasus and the Third Ethnic Element in the Development of Middle-eastern Culture"], Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1923

MARRIOTT, James, & MINIO-PALUELLO, Mika, The Oil Road — Journeys from the Caspian Sea to the City of London, London: Verso, 2012

MARRO, Catherine, "Le sel dans les sociétés anciennes de l'Orient et du Caucase", Lyons: Université Lyon II, 2009

MARRO, Catherine, & HAUPTMANN, Harald (eds), Chronologies des pays du Caucase et de l'Euphrate aux IVe - IIIe millenaires — From the Euphrates to Caucasusu: Chronologsies for the 4th-3rd millenium B.C. — Vom Euphrat in den Kaukasus: Vergleichende Chronologie des 4. und 3. Jahrtausends v. Chr., Istanbul: De Boccard/IFEA, 2000 [511 pp.; trilingual collection of papers presented at an archaeological conference in Istanbul in December 1998.]

MARSDEN, Phillip, The Crossing Place, Flamingo, 1994

MARSHALL, Alex, The Caucasus under Soviet Rule, Abingdon: Routledge, 2010

MARTEL, Édouard Alfred, La Côte d'Azur russe (Riviera du Caucase), Voyage en Russie méridionale, au Caucase occidental et en Transcaucasie (Mission du Gouvernement russe, 1903)

MARTEL, Édouard Alfred, La Côte d'Azur russe (Riviera du Caucase) — Voyage en Russie méridionale, au Caucase occidental et en Transcaucasie (Mission du Gouvernement russe, 1903) — Avec 388 gravures, 34 plans et coupes et une carte en couleurs d'après les photographies et les relevés de l'auteur, Paris: Delagrave, 1907 [358 pp.]

MARVIN, Charles, The Region of the Eternal Fire: An Account of a Journey to the Petroleum Region of the Caspian in 1883, London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884

MASHURKO, M., "The Popular Beliefs in the Departments of Tiflis and Kutais" (Iz oblasti narodnoi fantazii i bita Tiflisskoi i Kuraisskoi gubernji), in S.M.C., Vol. XVIII, No. 3, 1898

von MASSOW, Wilhelm Franz Philipp, Aus Krim und Kaukasus — Reiseskizzen, Leipzig: G. Wigand, 1902 [142 pp. with 37 ill.]

MATVEEV, Konstantin Petrovich, History of Islam in the North Caucasus, London: BookExtra, 2001

MAYER, Tobias (ed.), von HEIDEMANN, Stefan, & RISPLING, Gert, Sylloge der Münzen des Kaukasus und Osteuropas im Orientalischen Münzkabinett Jena, Wiesbaden-Erbenheim: Harrassowitz, 1984 [243 pp. with 1,470 ills.; particular focus upon Georgian coins from the XIIth to the XIIIth centuries and local (Caucasus) copper coinage from the XVIIth to the XIXth centuries.]

McGOVERN, Patrick E., VOUILLAMOZ, J.F., ERGUL, A., SÖYLEMEZOĞLU, G., TEVZADZE, G., & GRANDO, M.S., "Genetic characterization and relationships of traditional grape cultivars from Transcaucasia and Anatolia", in Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization & Utilization, Vol. IV, No. 2, pp. 144-58

McQUEEN-WILLIAMS, Morvyth, & APISSON, Barbara, A diet for 100 healthy happy years: Health secrets from the Caucasus, Englewood Cliffs (NJ): Prentice Hall, 1977

MECKELEIN, Richard, Deutsch-Georgisches-Wörterbuch, part of the Lehrbücher des Seminars für Orientalische Sprachen zu Berlin series, Berlin & Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter, 1937 [Vol. I, A-K], and 1943 [Vol. II]

MEHRING, Walter, Timoshenko, Marshal of the Red Army: A study, New York: Albert Unger, 1942 [Soviet marshal, in command of the Caucasus front in 1943.]

MELIKICHVILI, G., "D'où viennent les Géorgiens?", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 18-19.]

MELIKSTIAN, Kh., & PERNICKA, Ernest, "Les débuts de la métallurgie en Arménie", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 36-37.]

MEPISASCHWILI, R., & ZINZADSE, W. [R. MEPISASHVILI & W. TSINTSADZE], Die Kunst des alten Georgien, Leipzig: Edition Leipzig, 1977

MERKL, Willy, BERCHTOLD, Fritz, & RÄCHL, Walter, "Bericht über die Deutsche Kaukasus-Kundfahrt 1929" ["Report on the German Caucasus Expedition of 1929"], in BARTH, Hans (ed.), Zeitschrift des Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenvereins, Vol. LXII (1931), Innsbruck: Verlag d. Dt. u. Österr. Alpenvereins, 1931

MERLIEUX, Édouard, Les princesses russes prisonnières au Caucase: Souvenirs d'une Française captive de Chamyl, recueillis par Édouard Merlieux, Paris: F. Sartorius, 1857

MERLIN, Aude, & SERRANO, Silvie (eds), Ordres et désordres au Caucase, Brussels: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles, 2010

MERZBACHER, Gottfried, & von AMMON, Ludwig, Aus den Hochregionen des Kaukasus: Wanderungen, Erlebnisse, Beobachtungen, Leipzig: Verlag von Duncker und Humblot, 1901

von MÉSZARÓS, Julius, Die Päkhy-Sprache, Vol. IX of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago's 'Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization' series, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1934 [402 pp.]

MEUNIER, Stanislas (Mme) [i.e. Meunier's widow], De Saint-Pétersbourg à l'Ararat, Paris: L. May, 1899

MEYER, Carl Anton, Verzeichniss der Pflanzen, welche während der, auf allerhöchsten Befehl, in den Jahren 1829 und 1830 unternommenen Reise im Caucasus und in den Provinzen am westlichen Ufer des Caspischen Meeres gefunden und eingesammelt worden sind, St Petersburg: Press of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1831

MEYER, L., "L'or de la Toison d'Or", in Archéologia, No. 448 — "Tyr, les ports antiques redécouverts", Paris: 2007 [pp. 66-69.]

MEYERS, Claude, Mythologies, histoires, actualités des drogues, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2007 [Contains a chapter entitled "Le cannabis chez le Vieux de la montagne dans le Caucase".]

MIANSAREANTS, M., Bibliographia Caucasica et Transcaucasica — Essai d'une bibliographie systématique relative au Caucase, à la Transcaucasie et aux populations de ces contrées, 2 volumes, St Petersburg: 1874-76 [804 pp., 4,840 entries. Reprinted in Amsterdam by Meridian Publishing Co. in 1967, by Martino in 2001, &c.]

MICHELL, Thomas, Handbook for Travellers in Russia, Poland, and Finland; including the Crimea, Caucasus, Siberia, and Central Asia (Fifth Edition, thoroughly revised), London: John Murray, 1893

MIKELADZÉ, T.K., "La civilisation colchidienne", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 54-59.]

Militärgeographische Angaben über das Europäische Rußland — Kaukasien (mit Gebiet Rostow und ASSR Kalmukien), Berlin: Generalstab des Heeres (Abteilung für Kriegskarten und Vermeßungswesen), 1941

MILKOMANE, George ("George SAVA"), Valley of the Forgotten People, London: Faber & Faber, 1941

MILLER, Vsevolod F., & FREIMAN, Alexander, Osetinsko-russko-nemeckij slovar [''Ossetian-Russian-German dictionary'']

MILLER, Vsevolod Fedorovich, Osetinsko - russko - nemeckij slovar ["Ossetian - Russian - German dictionary"], 3 volumes, Leningrad: Izd. Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1927 [1,729 pp.; reprinted in the Hague (Alexander FREIMAN, ed.) by Mouton & Co. in 1972.]

MILNE, G.D., "Despatch by Sir G.D. Milne, Commander in Chief, the Army of the Black Sea", the Fourth Supplement to The London Gazette of Tuesday the 4th of January 1921, London: 1921 [Contents: 1. Events in Turkey; 2. Events in the Caucasus and Trans-Caspia; 3. Evacuation of the British Military Mission in South Russia; 4. General Remarks.]

MINASSIAN, Gaidz, Caucase du sud, la nouvelle guerre froide: Arménie, Azerbaïdjan, Géorgie, Paris: Autrement, 2007

MINNS, Ellis H., Scythians and Greeks: A Survey of Ancient History and Archaeology on the North Coast of the Euxine from the Danube to the Caucasus, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1913

MINORSKY, Vladimir, Studies in Caucasian History, London: Cambridge Oriental Series, 1953

MINORSKY, Vladimir, A History of Sharvan and Darband in the 10th-11th Centuries, Cambridge: W. Heffer & Sons, 1958

MINORSKY, Vladimir, The Turks, Iran and the Caucasus in the Middle Ages, Variorum Reprints, 1978

MINORSKY, Vladimir, & LANG, D.M., "Laz", in New Encyclopaedia of Islam, Leiden: 1956

MIRACHVILI-SPRINGER, Nana, Prostituées repenties et femmes travesties dans l’hagiographie Géorgienne, Association des Amis du Centre d’Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, 2014

MNATSAKANIAN, A.Sh., O literature Kavkazskoi Albanii ["The Literature of the Caucasian Albanians"], Yerevan: Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk Armianskoi SSR, 1969

Monatshefte für Politik und Wehrmacht, 1889

MONGAIT, Alexandre L., Archaeology in the U.S.S.R. — Translated by M.W. Thompson, London: Penguin Books, 1961 [A survey of archaeological knowledge in the Soviet Union (from Paleolithic to Medieval) during the Communist era with a consequent Marxist interpretation of history applied to the subject, at a time when Western knowledge of Russian archaeology was almost unknown, with c. 90 illustrations. A French translation was published in Moscow in 1959.]

MONTEITH, William, Notes on Georgia and the new Russian conquest beyond the Caucasus, London: Self-published, 1829 ['The following Notes on Georgia and the New Russian conquests beyond the Caucasus were collected by me when charged with the delineation of the Frontier between Persia and Russia, they were solely intended for my own use but having been often solicited for Copies I have thought it more convenient to get a few printed for distribution among those who had expressed a wish to have them.']

MONTELEONE, Davide, Le chardon rouge — Voyage dans le nord Caucase, Paris: Actes Sud, 2012

MORANDI, Maura, Georgia: Viaggio nel cuore del Caucaso, Vicchio di Mugello: Polaris, 2013 [336 pp.]

MORANE, Pierre, Au seuil de l'Europe: Finlande et Caucase, Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit & Cie, 1900 [286 pp.]

MORDELET, Alain, Cuisine des palais d Orient — 129 recettes, du Bosphore au Caucase, Éditions de l'Aube, 2002

MORERI, Ludvig, Relations nouvelles du Levant, ou Traité de la religion, du gouvernement et des coutumes des Perses, des Arméniens et des Gaures, Lyon, 1671

MORGAN, E. Delmar, "The Customs of the Ossetes and the Light They Throw on the Evolution of Law, compiled from Professor Maxim Kovalevsky's Russian work, "Contemporary Custom and Ancient Law", and translated with Notes by E. Delmar Morgan, M.R.A.S.", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol.20, London: 1888

de MORGAN, Jacques, Mission scientifique au Caucase: études archéologiques et historiques, 2 volumes, Paris: E. Leroux, 1889 [Vol. I: Les premiers âges des métaux dans l'Arménie russe, 231 pp.; Vol. II: Recherches sur les origines des peuples du Caucase, 305 pp.]

MORITZ, Arnold (ed.), Lebenslinien des meteorologischen Stationen am Kaukasus — Eine Übersicht der Tagebücher, welche in dem meteorologischen Archive des Tiflisschen Observatoriums aufbewahrt werden, St. Petersburg: Kais. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1859

MOSER, Joseph, The Hermit of Caucasus: An Oriental Romance, 2 volumes, London: William Lane, 1796

MOSER, Louis, The Caucasus and its people, with a brief history of their wars and a sketch of the achievements of the renowned chief Schamyl, London: D. Nutt, 1856

MOSES, Larry W., "Chechen-Ingush", in WEEKES, Richard W. (ed.), The Muslim Peoples: a World Ethnographic Survey, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1984

MOSKVICH, Grigorii, Illioustrirovannyi praktitcheskii putervoditiel po Kavkazu [Practical illustrated guidebook to the Caucasus], Odessa: L. Nitce, 1902

MOUNSEY, Augustus H., A Journey Through the Caucasus and the Interior of Persia, London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1872 ['Augustus H. Mounsey, F.R.G.S., Second secretary to Her Majesty's Embassy at Vienna.']

Mountain Warfare Military Training Pamphlet No.56, War Office, MEF, 1944

MOURADIAN, Claire, De Staline à Gorbachev, histoire d'un république soviétique: l'Arménie, Paris: Éditions Ramsay, 1990

MOURADIAN, Claire, "[L'Arménie,] D'une indépendance à l'autre", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 26-31.]

MOURIER, Jules, La Mingrélie, ancienne Colchide, Paris[?]: 1883

MOURIER, Jules, La Bibliothèque d'Edchmiadzine et les manuscrits arméniens, Tiflis: impr. de Mélikoff, 1885 [14 pp. with plates; a French translation of Sergei SEMENOVICH's Russian-language original.]

MOURIER, Jules, "Batoum et le bassin du Tchorok", in Revue de géographie (July-August 1886), Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1887 [70 pp.]

MOURIER, Jules, "Chota Rousthavéli, poète géorgien du XIIe siècle, sa vie et son oeuvre", in Journal asiatique, Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1887 [11 pp.]

MOURIER, Jules, "L'art religieux au Caucase", in Petite bibliothèque d'art et d'archéologie, Vol. V, Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1887 [151 pp.]

MOURIER, Jules, Contes et légendes du Caucase, traduits par J. Mourier, Paris: Maisonneuve & C.Leclerc, 1888

MOURIER, Jules, Guide au Caucase, Paris: Librairie orientale et américaine de J. Maisonneuve, 1894 [219 pp. of introductury information, followed by 202 pp. of itineraries. The online catalogue of the Bibliothèque nationale de France states that Mourier's Guide was published three years earlier by Liberman in Tiflis in 1891; it also notes that Mourier's description of the route between Vladikavkaz and Tbilisi in the Guide—i.e. the Georgian Military Road, no doubt one of the most popular itineraries for French visitors at the time—had previously been published (already as a "2e fascicule, 4e édition"; 25 pp. with a map) by Baerenstamm in Tiflis in 1887.]

MRME'REAN, Harut'iwn G., Hin o'rer u ayd o'rerun hay metsatunnere ["The Old Days and the Wealthy Armenians of Those Times"], Venice: 1901 [217 pp.; a study of the wealthy Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and the Caucasus during the period 1550 to 1870.]

MÜLLER, Ferdinand Heinrich, Der Ugrische Volksstamm, oder Untersuchungen über die Ländergebiete am Ural und am Kaukasus in historischer, geographischer und ethnographischer Beziehung, Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, 1837

MÜLLER-SIMONIS, P., & HYVERNA, H., Du Caucase au Golfe Persique à travers l'Arménie, le Kurdistan et la Mésopotamie, par P. Muller-Simonis, suivi de notices sur la géographie et l'histoire ancienne de l'Arménie et les inscriptions cunéiformes du bassin de Van, par H. Hyverna, Paris: Lyon, Delhomme & Briguet, 1892

MULS, August, BRAET, Johan, & STOLS, Eddy, In de Kaukasus — Dagboek van August Muls, een Antwerps mijnexploitant 1917-1918, EPO, 1990

MUMMERY, My Climbs in the Alps and Caucasus, with an Introduction by Mrs. Mummery, London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1913

MURRAY, John (ed.), Hand-book for Travellers in Russia, Poland, and Finland; including the Crimea, Caucasus, Siberia, and Central Asia, London: James Wyld (John Murray), 1875 [Revised third edition.]

MURRAY, Maturin, The Circassian Slave, or, the Sultan's Favorite: a Story of Constantinople and the Caucasus, HardPress Publishing, 2010

MUTAFIAN, Claude, & VAN LAUWE, Eric, Atlas historique de L'Arménie: proche-Orient et sud-Caucase du VIIIe siècle av. J.-C. au XXIe siècle, Paris: Autrement, 2001

MÜTZELBURG, Adolf, Der Held von Garika: Roman aus den Ländern des Kaukasus, 3 volumes, Leipzig: Ernst Julius Günther, 1866


NAJJAR, Alexandre, Les exilés du Caucase, Paris: Grasset, 1995 [Novel.]

NAKHUTSRISHVILI, George Sh., "The Vegetation of the Subnival Belt of the Caucasus Mountains", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXX, No. 3, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1998

NAMITOK, Aytek, Origines des Circassiens — Première partie, Paris: Lib. Paul Geuthner, 1939 [No further volumes ever published; contents: Aperçu ethnographique de la Circassie; Tableau ethnographique de la Circassie de l'époque gréco-romaine; Colonies précircassiennes en Asie mineure; De l'antiquité à nos jours]

NANSEN, Fridtjof, Gjennem Caucasus til Volga, Oslo: Jacob Dybwads Forlag, 1929 (translated by G.C. Wheeler, Through the Caucasus to the Volga, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1931)

NASIDZE, Ivane, & STONEKING, Mark, "Mitochondrial DNA Variation and Language Replacements in the Caucasus", in Proceedings: Biological Sciences, 268(1472), 2001, pp. 1197-1206

NASMYTH, Peter, In the Mountains of Poetry, London: Curzon Press, 1998

NASMYTH, Peter, Walking in the Caucasus, London: I.B. Tauris, 2005

NATHE, Kadir I., Old and New Tales of the Caucasus, New York: self-published, 1969

NAWROTH, Manfred, "Deutsche im Kaukasus bis zum Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts", in IGUMOWA, Tamara, & WERNHOFF, Matthias (eds.), Russen und Deutsche: 1,000 Jahre Wissenschaft, Kunst und Kultur, 2 volumes, Petersberg (Kr. Fulda): Michael Imhof, 2012 [383 pp. & 560 pp., respectively; the catalogue of an exhibition held in Moscow (June 2012) and Berlin (October 2012).]

NEBLO, Sandro, Sacred Earth, Hollywood: self-published, 1948 [The anti-communist memoirs of a soldier from Georgia.]

NEKRICH, Aleksandr M., The Punished Peoples: The Deportation and Fate of Soviet Minorities at the End of the Second World War — Translated from the Russian by George Saunders, New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1978

NELSON, Kay Shaw, Cuisines of the Caucasus Mountains: Recipes Drinks and Lore from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia, Hippocrene Books, 2002

NEY, Napoléon, En Asie Centrale à la vapeur: la Mer Noire, la Crimée, le Caucase, la Mer Caspienne, les chemins de fer sibériens et asiatiques, l'inauguration du chemin de fer transcaspien, l'Asie centrale, Merv, Bokhara, Samarkand — Préface de Pierre Véron, dessins de Dick de Lonlay, Paris: Garnier Frères, 1888

NICHOLS, Johanna, Some parallels in Slavic and Northeast Caucasian folklore, paper presented at the second Conference on the Cultures of the Caucasus, University of Chicago, May 1985

NICHOLS, Johanna, "The Caucasus as a linguistic area, 1: personal pronouns", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

NICHOLS, Johanna, "The Origin of the Chechen and Ingush: A Study in Alpine Linguistic and Ethnic Geography", in Anthropological Linguistics, Vol. IV6, No. 2, 2004

NIELING, Jens, Die Einführung der Eisentechnologie in Südkaukasien und Ostanatolien während der Spätbronze- und Früheisenzeit, Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2009 [363 pp.; No. 10 of the "Black Sea Studies" series; 'Im Hochland Ostanatoliens treffen im späten 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr. drei Lebensweisen aufeinander und sind denselben ungünstigen Klimabedingungen unterworfen: Die orientalischen Hochkulturen der Hethiter und Assyrer sind im Rückzug begriffen. Südkaukasische Adelsgefolgschaften mussten ihre angestammten Siedlungskammern verlassen. Sie treffen auf traditionelle Nomadengesellschaften. Aus der folgenden Akkulturation wird gegen Ende der Früheisenzeit das Urartäische Reich entstehen. Gleichzeitig verdrängt Eisen die im »Erzgebirge« Kaukasus reichlich vorhandene, identitätsstiftende Bronze. In einem interdisziplinären archäologisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Ansatz wird vorgelegt, zu welchen Leistungen die frühen Metallurgen in der Lage waren und welche Forschungsmeinungen als überholt gelten müssen.']

NIJARADZE, Besarion ["თავისუფალი სვანი", "Free Svan"], ისტორიულ-ეთნოგრაფიული ცერილები ["Historic-Ethnographic Letters"] [concerning Svaneti], 2 volumes, Tbilisi: Tbilisi University Press, 1962 (reprint)

NIJEHOLT, Voyage en Russie, au Caucase et en Perse, dans la Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan, la Syrie, La Palestine et la Turquie, 1874

NIKOLAI, Erwin, Moldau, Don, Dnjepr, Kaukasus — Mit Viehwagen ins Elend russischer Gefangenenlager ["Moldova, Don, Dniepr, Kaukasus — By cattle-car into the misery of a Soviet prisoner of war camp"], Kiel: Arndt-Verlag in der Rathaus-Buchhandlung, 1982 [190 pp.]

NIORADZE, Dr Georg, Die Berg-Ossen, Berlin: D. Reimer, 1923

NIORADZE, Dr Georg, Begräbnis- und Totenkultus bei den Chewssuren, mit 33 Abbildungen auf Tafeln, Stuttgart: Strecker und Schröder, 1931 [60 pp.; a fascinating and detailed description of funerary customs among the Khevsurs based upon Dr Nioradze's study of two burials in Khevsureti in 1927.]

NIORADZE, Dr Georg, Die Ausgrabungen im Alasantale, Tiflis: Verlegt von der Georgischen Abteilung der Akademie der Wiss. der USSR, 1940

de NOGALES, Raphael, Four Years Beneath the Crescent, London: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1926 ['Nogales was a Venezuelian mercenary who fought for the Turkish army against the Russians in the Caucasus and against the British in Mesopotamia and Palestine. He claimed to have been the only Christian to have witnessed the Armenian massacres and deportations. [...] He gives valuable insights into the organisation and fighting ability of the Turkish army.']

NOONAN, T., "Les Khazars et le commerce oriental", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 256 — "Les échanges au moyen âge", Paris: 2000 [pp. 82-83.]

NORMAN, Henry, All the Russias — Travels and Studies in Contemporary European Russia, Finland, Siberia, the Caucasus, & Central Asia, with 137 Illustrations, chiefly from the Author's Photographs, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902

"North Caucasus Section", in Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 10 (22nd of October 1942), War Department, 1942

NOSKA, Max, Das kaukasische Birkhuhn (Tetrao mlokosiewiczi Tacz): Eine monographische Studie unter Mitwirkung von Victor Ritter von Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen, Hallein: Druck von Johann L. Bondi & Sohn in Wien, 1895

NOVAKOVA, Zuzana, & SVOBODOVA, Julie, Contes des pays du Caucase, Paris: Gründ, 1977

NOVE, Alec, & NEWTH, J.A., The Soviet Middle East: a Communist Model for Development, London: George Allen & Unwin, 1967

NUGUES, Louis Saint-Cyr, Le Général Colson: Sa misson en Russie et son voyage au Caucase, Paris: Librairie Militaire Dumaine, 1872

NUSSIMBAUM, Lev (a.k.a "Essad BEY"), Blood and Oil in the Orient, Grayson & Grayson, 1925

NUSSIMBAUM, Lev (a.k.a "Essad BEY"), Der Kaukasus — Seine Berge, Völker und Geschichte, Deutsche Buch-Gemeinschaft, 1931

NUSSIMBAUM, Lev (a.k.a "Essad BEY"), Twelve Secrets of the Caucasus, Nash & Grayson, 1931


O'BALLANCE, Edgar, War ins the Caucasus, 1990-1995, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1996

OBERLÄNDER, Theodor, Der Osten und die Deutsche Wehrmacht: Sechs Denkschriften aus den Jahren 1941-43 gegen die NS Kolonialthese ["The East and the German Wehrmacht: Six memoirs from the years 1941-1943 against the National-Socialist colonial theory"], Asendorf: MUT Verlag, 1987

OBOLENSKY, Chloe (ed.), Das Alte Rußland — Ein Porträt in frühen Photographien, 1850-1914, Frankfurt am Main, Wien & Zürich: Büchergilde Gutenberg, 1981 [300 pp. incl. 477 black-and-white photographs.]

OCHIAURI, Tinatini, ქართველთა უძველესი სარწმუნოების ისტორიიდან [''From the history of the Georgians' most ancient religious beliefs''], Tbilisi: Academy of Sciences of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, 1954

OCHIAURI, Tinatini, ქართველთა უძველესი სარწმუნოების ისტორიიდან ["From the history of the Georgians' most ancient religious beliefs"], Tbilisi: Academy of Sciences of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, 1954

OCHSENKNECHT, Ingeborg, "Als ob der Schnee alles zudeckte" — Eine Krankenschwester erinnert sich an ihren Kriegseinsatz an der Ostfront, Berlin: Ullstein, 2005 [239 pp.; diary of a German Red Cross nurse who accompanied the German advance to the Caucasus in 1942.]

OHSSON, Des Peuples du Caucase et des Pays au Nord de la Mer Noire et de la Mer Caspienne, 1828

OINAS, Felix J., "The Political Uses and Themes of Folklore in the Soviet Union", in Journal of the Folklore Institute, 12(2-3), 1975

OKTAY, Belli, & VELI, Sevin, Nahçivan'da arkeolojik arastirmalar [Archaeology in Nakhichevan], Istanbul: Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayinlari, 1999

OKUDJAVA, Boulat, Nocturne — Translated from the Russian by Antonia W. Bouis, New York: Harper, 1978 [Novel: In 1837, a lone Englishman is sent to save the Caucasus from Russia.]

OLEARIUS, Adam, The Voyages and Travels of the Ambassadors sent by Frederick, Duke of Holstein, to the Great Duke of Muscovy and the King of Persia... in 1633-1639, translated from the Dutch by J. Davies, 2 volumes, London: 1662

OLIPHANT, Laurence, The Trans-Caucasian Campaign of the Turkish Army under Omer Pasha, Edinburgh & London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1856

OLTMANN, Reinhard, In die Tiefen Rußlands: Durchbruch zu Wolga und Kaukasus — Der Rußlandkrieg 1942 in Farbe, Selent: Pour le Mérite, 2005 [158 pp. with numerous colour ills.]

OMAROV, A., "The Manner of Life among the Laks" (Narodni bit Lakov), in Sbornik (Bulletin) of the North Caucasian Mountaineers, Vol.4

OMONT, Excursion aux eaux minérales du Caucase, Paris: 1886

ONIPCHENKO, Vladimir G., BLINNIKOV, M.S., & AKSENOVA, A.A., "Experimental Evaluation of Shading Effects in Seasonal Dynamics of Four Alpine Communities in Northwestern Caucasus, Russia", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXXIII, No. 3, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 2001

ONIPCHENKO, Vladimir G. (ed.), Alpine Ecosystems in the Northwest Caucasus, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004

ONUCHIN, A.A., & BURENINA, T.A., "Climatic and Geographic Patterns in Snow Density Dynamics, Northern Eurasia", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1996

Oriental Literature of the large library of the late Gabriel Ferrand, Editor of the "Journal Asiatique", Catalogue No. 101, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1938

ORSOLLE, E., Le Caucase et la Perse, Paris: Plon, 1885

OSBORN, Capt. Sherard, "On the Geography of the Sea of Azov, the Putrid Sea, and the Adjacent Coasts, &c.", London: Royal Geographical Society, 1857

OSTERRIEDER, Markus, Sonnenkreuz und Lebensbaum: Irland, der Schwarzmeer-Raum und die Christianisierung der europäischen Mitte, Stuttgart: Urachhaus, 2010 [368 pp.]

OSTROGORSKY, Georg, Geschichte Des Byzantinischen Staates, Munich: C.h. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1963

L'Ouest-Éclair [French newspaper founded in 1899 which collaborated with the Germans during the occupation of France; the predecessor of Ouest-France]: "Dans les forets du Caucase, des casemates soviétiques sont prises d'assaut par l'infanterie allemande" (6th of October 1942); "Les troupes de l'Axe progressent sans cesse dans le Caucase" (7th of October 1942); "Nouvelle progression des forces allemandes dans le Caucase" (9th of October 1942)

"Our dangerous neighbour over the way [Russia], and two questions upon the Caucasus: A tract for the times, dedicated to the European police", London: 1854

OUROUCHADZÉ, Severian, L'Église et le Prométhée de la Géorgie du Caucase avec la morale du sacrifice, en deux études scientifiques et poèmes, Paris: Self-published, 1957

OUROUCHADZÉ, Severian, Au beau pays du Pont-Euxin, Paris: Self-published, 1976 [47 pp.]


PACHULIA, V.P., Padenie Anakopii: legendy kavkazskovo prichernomorya ("The fall of Anakopia: legends of the Black Sea coastal region"), Moscow: Nauka, 1986 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

PAFFENGOLTZ, K.N., Geologicheskii ocherk Kavkaza ["A Geological Sketch of the Caucasus"], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, 1959

PALEN, Lewis Stanton, & OSSENDOWSKI, Dr Ferdinand, The Lost Sword of Shamyl—With Illustrations by Prince Serge Cantacuzen-Speransky, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1927 ['Novel of sport and adventure set in eastern Russia.']

PALGRAVE, Francis, "Travels in Caucasus and Georgia — Life in Southern and Eastern Provinces of Russia as described in various works, reviewed with textual excerpts", in The Edinburgh Review, 1817

PALLAS, Peter Simon, Voyages de M.P.S. Pallas en Différentes Provinces de L'Empire de Russie, Et Dans L'Asie Septentrionale; Traduits de L'Allemand, Par M. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commis des Affaires Etrangères ["Travels of Mr P.S. Pallas in different Provinces of the Russian Empire, and in Northern Asia, Translated from the German, By Mr Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commissioner of Foreign Affairs"], Paris: Maradan, 1789

PALLAS, Peter Simon, Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire in the years 1793 and 1794, London: T.N. Longman & O. Rees; T. Caldwell Jun. & W. Davies; and J. Murray & S. Highley, 1802

PALUMBI, Giulio, The red and black: social and cultural interaction between the Upper Euphrates and Southern Caucasus communities in the fourth and third millennium BC, Roma: Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di scienze storiche archeologiche e antropologiche dell'Antichità, 2008 [343 pp.]

PAOLINI, Stefano, Dittionario Giorgiano e Italiano [the oldest known dictionary relating to Georgian, and, with the next title, the first Georgian printed book], Rome (Vatican City): Sagra Congregatione de Propaganda Fide, 1629

PAOLINI, Stefano, Alphabetum Ibericum sive Georgianum cum Oratione Dominicali, Rome (Vatican City): Sagra Congregatione de Propaganda Fide, 1629

PAPASHVILY, Helen, & PAPASHVILY, George, "The Caucasus: A mountain world", in Russian Cooking, New York: Time-Life Books, 1969

PARIS, Catherine, "Indices personnels intraverbaux et syntaxe de la phrase minimale dans les langues du Caucase du nord-ouest", in Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris, 64, Paris: C. Klincksieck, 1969

PARIS, Catherine (ed.), Caucasologie et mythologie comparée — Actes du colloque international du CNRS, IVe colloque de caucasologie (Sèvres, 27-29 juin 1988), 1992

PARIS, Catherine, "Éloge de la langue, ou la racine tcherkesse *bze", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

PARROT, Friedrich, Journey to Ararat (translated by W.D. Cooley), New York: Harper & Bros., 1846

PARTCHIEVA, Para, & GUÉRIN, Françoise, Parlons Tchétchène-Ingouche — Langue et culture, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2005

PARTH, Wolfgang W., Vorwärts Kameraden, wir müssen zurück! — Vom Terek bis zur Elbe: Der packende Bericht vom Rückzug der Kaukasus-Armee ["Forwards, men, we must retreat! — The gripping account of the retreat of the Caucasus Army"], München: Kindler, 1958 [495 pp.]

PATRIK, Arakel (ed.), Armjanskij kostjum s drevnejsich vremen do nasich dnej ["Armenian national costumes from ancient times to our days"], Moscow: Sovetakan Groch, 1983 [186 pp.]

PÄTSCH, Gertrud (ed.), Das Leben Kartlis, Leipzig: Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1985 [497 pp.]

PCHELINTSEV, Vladimir Fedorovich, "The gastropoda and pelecypoda from the liassic and lower dogger of the tetis in the limits of the U.S.S.R. (the Crimea and Caucasus)", Fascicle I of "The jurassic gastropoda and pelecypoda of the U.S.S.R.", Vol. XLVIII of the Paleontology of the U.S.S.R. series of monographs, Moscow: Central Geological & Prospecting Institute, 1937

PCHELINTSEV, Vladimir Fedorovich, "Fauna Bryukhonogikh Verkhnemelovykh Otlozhenii Zakavkazya I Srednei Azii" ["Gastropod Fauna of the Upper Cretaceous Deposits of the Southern Caucasus and Central Asia"], Moscow: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR & A.P. Karpinsky Geological Museum, 1953

PEACOCK, Andrew, "Nomadic Society and the Seljuq Campaigns in Caucasia", in Iran & The Caucasus, Vol. IX, No. 2, 2005, pp. 205-230

PEACOCK, Dmitri Rudolf, "Original vocabularies of five west Caucasian languages [Georgian, Mingrelian, Lazian, Svanetian, and Abkhazian]", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1877, pp. 145–56 [Peacock was the British consul in Batumi from January 1890 to October 1891. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography states that 'few foreigners were better acquainted with the languages and customs of the Caucasus mountain peoples, with whom he established such friendly relations that he was admitted into their remotest strongholds. [...] Peacock was a man of rare attainments, but left little that showed his abilities. According to the Levantine Herald, as quoted by The Athenaeum, he wrote a book on the Caucasus which was not approved by the Foreign Office. His widow promised to publish it, but it is not known whether it ever appeared.']

"People live to incredible ages in the Caucasus Mountains", in Life Magazine, New York: Time Inc., 16th of September 1966

"Pelztieransiedlung im Kaukasus" ["Introducing fur-bearing animals in the Caucasus"], in Das Pelzgewerbe — Schriften für Pelz- und Säugetierkunde, Vol. XV, Nos 1-6, Berlin & Leipzig: Hermelin-Verlag Dr. Paul Schöps, 1964

PEPYS, The Rev. Henry, The remains of the late Viscount Royston, with a memoir of his life, London: John Murray, 1838 [332 pp.; 'Viscount Royston travelled extensively in Russia & the Caucasus from October 1806 to the 7th of April 1808, when his ship sank off Memel and he drowned. The book contains 140 pages of his letters to his father, the Earl of Hardwicke, describing his experiences.']

PEREIRA, Michael, East of Trebizond, London: Geoffrey Bles, 1971

PEREIRA, Michael, Across the Caucasus, London: Travel Book Club, 1973

PERINGER, Ferdinand, "Österreicher im Kaukasus (Die Österreichische Kaukasusexpedition 1936)", in Westermanns Monatshefte, Vol. CLXII, 1937, pp. 145-148

PEROWNE, J.T. Woolrych, Russian Hosts and English Guests in Central Asia, London: Scientific Press, 1898 [Descriptions of Batoum, Baku, Krasnovodsk, Ashgabad, Merv, Bukhara, Samarkand & Odessa]

PERTSOV, I.A., Health Resorts of the U.S.S.R., Moscow: Central Institute of Balneology, 1939

PETROSYAN, Hamlet L., "Tigranakert (Tigranocerte - Artachat)", "Les inscriptions grecques d'Armavir" & "Artachat (Artaxata)", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 80-83.]

PETROSYAN, Levon, "La culture de l'âge du Bronze récent du cimetière de Lchashen [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 42-43.]

PETROV, Vladimir, Soviet gold: My life as a slave laborer in the Siberian mines; translated from the Russian by Mirra Ginsburg, New York: Farrar, Straus & Co., 1949 ['Gripping memoir of how a young student at the Leningrad Engineering Institute was arrested in 1935, condemned to work the gold mines in Siberia at a slave labour camp, and who escaped through the Caucasus during the German occupation of World War II.']

PETZ, Ingo, Kuckucksuhren in Baku (Reise in ein Land, das es wirklich gibt), München: Droemer, 2006 [253 pp.; 'Eine Reise in ein wildes Land im Kaukasus und ein skurriler Blick auf Deutschland im Spiegel des überaus merkwürdigen aserbaidschanischen Alltags.']

PETZHOLDT, Alexander, Der Kaukasus: Eine Naturhistorische so wie Land- und Volkswirthschaftliche Studie, Ausgeführt im Jahr 1863 und 1864, 2 volumes, Leipzig: Hermann Fries, 1866-1867

PFANN, Hans, Führerlose gipfelfahrten in den Hochalpen, dem Kaukasus, dem Tian-Schan und den Anden, von Hans Pfann, mit 16 tief-drucktafeln, Berlin: Union Deutsche verlagsgesellschaft Berlin, Roth & Co., 1941

PFEIFFER, Ida, Eine Frau fährt um die Welt: Die Reise 1846 nach Südamerika, China, Ostindien, Persien und Kleinasien ("A Woman travels around the World: A Journey undertaken in 1846 to South America, China, East India, Persia and Asia Minor"), Wien: Carl Gerold, 1850 [Includes an account of her trip through Georgia.]

PFIZENMAYER, Eugen Wilhelm, Jagd- und Volksbilder aus dem Kaukasus, Stuttgart: Adolf Bonz, 1929 [299 pp., 75 ill.]

PHILLIPPS-WOLLEY, Clive, Sport in the Crimea and Caucasus, 1881

PHILLIPPS-WOLLEY, Clive, Savage Svânetia, 2 volumes, London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1883

PIERETTO, Gian Piero, "Fantastic and Everyday Life Elements in Georgian Fairy Tales (the Family Relationship)", in Bedi Kartlisa, Paris: 1968

PIERRE, Stéphane, La multination — L'avenir des minorités en Europe centrale et orientale, Paris: Odile Jacob, 1995

PIGGOTT, S., "Chariots in the Caucasus and in China", in Antiquity: A Quarterly Review of Archaeology, Vol. XLVIII, No. 189, Cambridge: 1974

PILLERI, Georg, Beobachtungen an den fossilen Cetaceen des Kaukasus, Hirnanatomisches Institut, 1986

PIPER, Ernest W., Discount Travel Guide to the Balkans, Turkey, and the Caucasus, ebook, 2015

PIROGOFF, N., Grundzüge der allgemeinen Kriegschirurgie, nach Reminiscenzen aus den Kriegen in der Krim und im Kaukasus und aus der Hospitalpraxis, 2 volumes [1,168 pp.], Leipzig: F.C.W. Vogel, 1864

PITSKHELAOURI, K., "Richesses des tumulus [de Géorgie orientale]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 38-45.]

PLAETSCHKE, Bruno, "Die Tschetschenen: Forschungen zur Völkerkunde des nordöstlichen Kaukasus auf Grund von Reisen in den Jahren 1918-20 und 1927/28", in Veröffentlichungen des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Königsberg Pr., Vol. XI, Hamburg: L. Friederichsen, de Gruyter & Co., 1929 [116 pp. with 68 figs. and 24 b&w ills.]

PLEITGEN, Fritz, Durch den wilden Kaukasus, Köln: Kiepenheuer und Witsch, 2000 [302 pp. with photographs by Stefan Tolz.]

PLONTKE-LÜNING, Annegret, "Frühchristliche Architektur in Kaukasien : die Entwicklung des christlichen Sakralbaus in Lazika, Iberien, Armenien, Albanien und den Grenzregionen vom 4. bis zum 7. Jh", in Denkschriften der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Philosophisch-historische Klasse), Vol. CCCLIX, Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2007 [412 pp.; doctoral thesis, 2004.]

Pogrom — Zeitschrift für bedrohte Völker, No. 183 (June-July 1995), "Stalin und Jelzin: 2 mal Genozid in Tschetschenien", Göttingen: Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker, 1995 [70 pp.; contents include 'Was hat die Kreml-Führung begriffen?; Russlands fortgesetzter Genozid; Der jüngste Krieg im Kaukasus; Öl-Dorado am Kaspischen Meer; Grosny; Helikopter jagen Flüchtlinge; Massaker von Samaschki; Filtrationslager für Zivilisten; Diktatur in Rußland?; Tschetscheniens Vertreter in Europa; Appell der Soldatenmütter Rußlands und der Frauen des Kaukasus; Gefangen für ihr Volk; Armenier: Ein Prozeß gegen die Leugnung des Völkermords'.]

Pogrom — Zeitschrift für bedrohte Völker, No. 192 (Dec. 1996-Jan. 1997), "Tschetschenien kann sich wiederholen: Pulverfass Kaukasus", Göttingen: Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker, 1996 [70 pp.; contents include 'Stoppt den Völkermord im Kaukasus; Ousman Ferzaouli über den Krieg; Europa scheiterte in Tschetschenien; Hunter und das Friedenszentrum in Moskau; Hetze gegen Kaukasier; Mescheten, herumgeschoben; Krieg in Abchasien nur eingefroren; Konflikt um Südossetien; Kaukasisches Haus in Tbilissi; Status Brg-Karabachs noch ungeklärt; Minderheiten in Armenien'.]

POIDEBARD, A., "Le Caucase pendant et depuis la guerre", in Études, 59th year, Vol. CLXXI (April-May-June 1922), Paris: Retaux, 1922 [Catholic journal published by the Pères de la Compagnie de Jésus.]

POIDEBARD, A., "Le TransCaucase et la République d’Arménie dans les textes diplomatiques du traité de Brest-Litovsk au traité de Lausanne 1918-1921", in Revue des Etudes Arméniennes, Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1923

POKARZHEVSKAYA, Galina A., "Influence of the Dominant Grass Festuca varia Haenke on the Spatial Pattern of Alpine Grasslands in the Northwestern Caucasus, Russia", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXX, No. 1, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1998

POLITOVSKAYA, Anna, A Dirty War: A Russian Reporter in Chechnya, Harvill, 2001

POLLITZER DE POLLENGHI, Andrea, Montagne bianche e Uomini rossi: Diario della Spedizione al Caucaso organizzata dalla Sezione di Trieste del Club Alpino Italiano nel 1929, con 75 fotografie e 5 carte, Arezzo & Milan: Editoriale Italiana Contemporanea, 1932

POLLITZER DE POLLENGHI, Andrea, Montagne bianche e Uomini rossi: Diario della Spedizione al Caucaso organizzata dalla Sezione di Trieste del Club Alpino Italiano nel 1929, con 75 fotografie e 5 carte, Arezzo & Milan: Editoriale Italiana Contemporanea, 1932 [A diary documenting the Caucasus expedition organized by the Italian Alpine Club in 1929.]

POLO, Marco, The Travels of Marco Polo

POLOVTSOFF, General P.A., Glory and Downfall — Reminiscences of Russian General Staff Officer, London: Bell & Sons, 1935 [The author served in the Russo-Japanese War, in the Caucasus in 1917, on the North-West Frontier and during World War I with Cossack regiments.]

PONSET, Albert, Volga-Caucase, Géorgie: Notes de voyage, Montpellier: G. Firmin et Montane, 1899

PONTEN, Josef, Der Zug nach dem Kaukasus (Volk auf dem Wege: Roman der deutschen Unruhe), Stuttgart u. Berlin: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1940 [261 pp.]

de PONTEVÈS DE SABRAN, Jean [Captain of the 1er Régiment de Hussards], Note de voyage d'un hussard — Un raid en Asie, Paris: Calmann Lévy, 1890 [445 pp.]

POPE, A.U., Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of Early Oriental Carpets from Persia, Asia Minor, The Caucasus, Egypt and Spain, Chicago: The Art Club of Chicago, 1926

POPOV, Capitaine C., Souvenirs d'un Grenadier du Caucase, 1914-1920, Paris: Payot, 1931

POPOV, Two New Fossil Ants from Caucasus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), Leningrad: Édition de l'Académie des Sciences, 1933

de la PORTE, l'Abbé Joseph, & DOMAIRON, L., Le Voyageur François, ou La Connoissance de l'Ancien et du Nouveau Monde, Paris: L. Cellot, 1765-1795

POTIER, Tim, Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Martinus Nijhoff, 2000

POTOCKI, Jean, Voyages dans les steppes d'Astrakhan et du Caucase: Histoire des peuples primitifs qui ont habité anciennement ces contrées. Nouveau périple du Pont-Euxin. Ouvrages publiés et accompagnés de notes et de tables, par M. Klaproth, 2 volumes, Paris: Merlin, 1829

POUSTOVALOV, J., "The Hydrology of the Environs of the Town of Derbent", in Transactions of the Geological and Prospecting Service of the U.S.S.R., Fascicle 20, 1930

PRAT, Maurice, "Les Basques sont-ils venus du Caucase?", in Bulletin de la société BORDA, No. 274, 1954

PRELLER, E., Bedeutung des Schwarzen Meeres für die Handel und Verkehr der alten Welt, Dorpat, 1842

PRICE, Martin F. (ed.), Co-operation in the European Mountains 2: The Caucasus, Gland & Cambridge: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 2000

PRISTAVKINE, Anatoly, Un nuage d'or sur le Caucase, Paris: Robert Laffont/Pavillons, 1989 [Roman traduit du russe par Antonina Roubichou-Stretz. "L'auteur raconte l'irracontable: la déportation en masse décidée par Staline, de milliers d'enfants moscovites envoyés dans le Caucase".]

PRISTAVKINE, Anatoly, "Die Kaukasische Linie", in Kaukasus — Verteidigung der Zukunft, Wien: F. Duve & H. Tagliavini, 2001

PROMPTOW, J.Ju., Durch das armenische Hochland — Aus dem Russischen ins Deutsche übersetzt (übertragen) von Manfred von Busch, Leipzig: VEB Brockhaus Verlag, 1955 [Original Russian title: Po Armjanskomu nagorju.]

PSHAVELA, Vaja, Le Mangeur de Serpent et autres poèmes, Publications Orientalistes de France, 1989

"Pshavia and Pshavs", in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Book 2, 1853

von PUSIREWSKY, Margarete, Kirschen im Kaukasus — Ein Schicksal zwischen Ost und West, Stuttgart: Urachhaus, 1984


QUIRING, Manfred, Der vergessene Völkermord — Sotschi und die Tragödie der Tscherkessen, Berlin: Christoph Links, 2013 [224 pp.]


RAABE, Marcel, Anstoß in Baku — Berichte von Fußballreisenden, Freital OT Pesterwitz: Burkhardt & Partner, 2009 [261 pp.]

RABINO DE BORGOMALE, H.L., Mazandaran and Astarabad, London, 1938

RADDE, Dr Gustav, "Reisen im Mingrelischen Hochgebirge und in seinen drei Längenhochthälern (Rion, Tskenis-Tsqali und Ingur)", in Berichte über die biologisch-geographischen Untersuchungen in den Kaukasusländern, Tiflis: Buchdruckerei der Civil-Hauptverwaltung, 1866

RADDE, Dr Gustav, "Reisen unter den Swanen im Kaukasus", in Globus, Vol. XX, No. XII, 1871

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Vier Vorträge über den Kaukasus, gehalten im Winter 1873-4, 1874

RADDE, Dr Gustav, "Vorlaufiger Bericht über die im Sommer 1876 ausgeführten Reisen (Nachrichten über die Chewsuren)", in Petermann's Mitteilungen, Vol. XXIV, 1878

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Die Chew'suren und ihr Land — Ein monographischer Versuch untersucht im Sommer 1876, Cassel: T. Fischer, 1878

radde Ornis Caucasica — Die Vogelwelt des Kaukasus, systematisch und biologisch-geographisch beschrieben

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Ornis Caucasica — Die Vogelwelt des Kaukasus, systematisch und biologisch-geographisch beschrieben, Cassel: T. Fischer, 1884 [592 pp. with 25 colour plates.]

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Aus den Dagestanischen Hochalpen, vom Schah-Dagh zum Dulty und Bogos: Reisen, ausgeführt im Sommer 1885, Gotha: J. Pertes, 1887

RADDE, Dr Gustav, & VALENTIN, Jean, Karabagh: Bericht über die im russischen Karabagh von Dr. Gustav Radde und Dr. Jean Valentin ausgeführte Reise, Gotha: J. Pertes, 1890

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Kurze Geschichte der Entwickelung des Kaukasischen Museums während der Ersten 25 Jahre seines Bestehens, 1. Januar 1867 bis 1. Januar 1892, Tiflis: A. A. Michelson, 1891

RADDE, Dr Gustav, & KOENIG, E., Das Ostufer des Pontus und seine kulturelle Entwickelung im Verlaufe der letzten dreißig Jahre: vorläufiger Bericht über die Reisen im kolchischen Tieflande, Adsharien, am Ostufer des Schwarzen Meeres, am Unterlaufe des Kuban und über die Durchquerung der Hauptkette von Psebai nach Sotschi im Sommer 1893, Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1894

RADDE, Dr Gustav, & KOENIG, E., "Der Nordfuss des Dagestan und das vorlagernde Tiefland bis zur Kuma — Vorläufiger Bericht über die im Sommer 1894 ausgeführten Reisen", in Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt über wichtige neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete der Geographie, "Ergänzungsheft" No. 117, Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1895

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der im Jahre 1886 allerhöchst befohlenen Expedition nach Transkaspien und Nord-Chorassan, Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1898

RADDE, Dr Gustav, Grundzüge der Pflanzenverbreitung in den Kaukasusländern von der unteren Wolga über den Manytsch-Scheider bis zur Scheitelfläche Hocharmeniens, Leipzig: Engelmann, 1899

RADDE, Dr Gustav (ed.), Die Sammlungen des kaukasischen Museums, im Vereine mit special-Gelehrten bearbeitet und herausgegeben von Gustav Radde, 6 volumes, Tiflis: Typographie der Kanzellei des Statthalters Seiner Majestät im Kaukasus, 1899-1912 [Vol. I: Zoology; II: Botany; III: Geology; IV: Botany (sic.); V: Archaeology; VI: Dr Gustav Radde's autobiography (incomplete) & K.F. Hahn's biography of Radde; written in collaboration with K.F. HAHN, N.I. LEBEDEV, Countess P.S. UVAROVA, &c.]

RADVANYI, Jean, & BEROUTCHACHVILI, Nicolas, Atlas géopolitique du Caucase, Paris: Éditions Autrement, 2009

RAEBURN, Harold, "The Adai-Kokh Group, Central Caucasus", London: Royal Geographical Society, 1915

RAFELSKI, Jan, "Pseudoscorpionida from the Caucasus in the collections of the Polish Zoological Museum", in Annales Musei Zoologici Polonici, Vol. XIV, No. 6, Warsaw: 1949

RAKHMANOV, S., "Les Portes de Fer près de Derbent", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 243 — "Empires perses, d'Alexandre aux Sassanides", Paris: 1999 [pp. 18-19.]

RANGNOW, Rudolf, Im Land des Schwarzen Windes — Unter Kosaken und Kaukasiern, Braunschweig: Gustav Wenzel & Sohn, 1941 [216 pp. with 32 ill.]

RAPP, Stephen Jr., "Studies in Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts and Eurasian Contexts", in Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Vol. DCI (Subsidia, Vol. CXIII), Louvain: Peeters, 2003

RAPP, Stephen Jr., "Recovering the Pre-National Caucasian Landscape", in BÜTTNER, Ruth, & PELTZ, Judith (eds), Mythical Landscapes Then and Now: The Mystification of Landscapes in [the] Search for National Identity, Erevan: Antares, 2006

RAPP, Stephen Jr., "Georgian Christianity", in PARRY, Ken (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity, Oxford: Blackwell, 2007

RAPP, Stephen Jr., "Georgian Sources", in WHITBY, Mary (ed.), Byzantines and Crusaders in Non-Greek Sources, 1025-1204, Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. CXXXII, Oxford: Oxford UP/The British Academy, 2007, pp. 183-220

RAPP, Stephen Jr., "The Iranian Heritage of Medieval Georgia: Breathing New Life into the Pre-Bagratid Historiographical Tradition", in Iranica Antiqua, No. 44, 2009

van RAVENSTEIN, Monique, BRONKHORST, Daan, & BASJIROV, Islam, Gevangene van de Kaukasus: Tsjetsjenië in beeld, poëzie en verhalen, Amnesty International, 2002

RAWLINSON, Lt-Col A., Adventures in the Near East 1918-1922, with introductions by by Maj.-Gen. L.C. Dunsterville, Gen. Sir E. Milne & Lt-Gen. Sir Ch. Harrington, London: 1923

RAYFIELD, Donald, "Killing the chimæra: the Basque-Caucasian hypothesis", in Multilingua — Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, Vol. IX, No. 2, 1990

RAYFIELD, Donald, "The language of abuse and the abuse of language — polemics in Georgian", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

RAYFIELD, Donald, The Literature of Georgia, Clarendon Press, 1994

RAZOUX, Pierre, Histoire de la Géorgie — La clé du Caucase, Librairie académique Perrin, 2009

READ, Christopher, Stalin: From the Caucasus to the Kremlin, London: Taylor Francis, 2017

REBENTISCH, Ernst, Zum Kaukasus und zu den Tauern: die Geschichte der 23. Panzer-Division, 1941-1945, Verband ehemaliger Angehöriger der 23. Panzer-Division, 1963

RECLUS, Élisée, Nouvelle géographie universelle, Vol. VI, "L'Asie russe", Paris: Hachette, 1876-94 (all volumes)

REDLICH, Karl A., Der Jura der Umgebung von Alt-Achtala: Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss des Jura der Kaukasus-Länder, Wien: Alfred Holder, 1894 [27 pp.]

REIGNIEZ, Pascal, "Les baguettes à moissonner en Caucase", in Techniques & Culture, Vol. XLI, 2003, pp. 91-114

REIMERS, Julius, Der Lehnsstaat in Georgien ["The Feudal State in Georgia"], Leipzig: Voigtländer, 1914

REINEGGS, Jacob, & von BIEBERSTEIN, Friedrich August, Allgemeine historisch-topographische Beschreibung des Kaukasus, 2 volumes, Gotha & St Petersburg: Gerstenberg und Dittmar, 1796-7 [English translation by Charles WILKINSON, London: C. Taylor, 1807.]

von REINHARD, Anatol, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Eiszeit im Kaukasus, Leipzig: B.G. Teubner, 1914

von REINHARD, Anatol, "Die eiszeitlichen Gletscher Ossetiens (Zentraler Kaukasus)", in Geographische Abhandlungen, Vol. III, No. 5, Stuttgart: Engelhorns, 1931 [76 pp.]

REINHOLD, Sabine, "Die Spätbronze- und frühe Eisenzeit im Kaukasus — Materielle Kultur, Chronologie und überregionale Beziehungen", in Universitätsforschungen zur prähistorischen Archäologie, No. 144, Bonn: Habelt, 2007

REISSNER, Ilma, Georgien: Goldenes Vlies und Weinrebenkreuz — Ein Bildband, Würzburg: Verlag "Der Christliche Osten", 1998 [121 colour photographs.]

REITER, Erich (ed.), Der Krieg um Bergkarabach: Krisen- und Konfliktmanagement in der Kaukasus-Region, Wien: Böhlau, 2009 [281 pp.; part of Vol. II of the Internationales Institut für liberale Politik in Vienna's "Schriftenreihe zur internationalen Politik".]

RENNGARTEN, V., La faune des dépôts crétacés de la région d'Assa-Kambiléevka (Caucase du nord), Leningrad: Isdanie Geologitscheskowo Komiteta Leningrad, 1926 [132 pp.; in Russian and in French.]

RENOUX, C. (ed.), Le lectionnaire albanien des manuscrits géorgiens palimpsestes N Sin 13 et N Sin 55 (Xe-XIe siècle) — Essai d'interprétation liturgique, Turnhout: Brepols, 2013

RICHARDSON, Charles O., "French Plans for Allied Attacks on the Caucasus Oil Fields, January-April, 1940", in French Historical Studies, Vol. VIII, No. 1, 1973

RICHET, Chr., "La Géorgie, de la Préhistoire à la fin de l'Antiquité", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 8-11.]

RICKMER-RICKMERS, W., "Lazistan and Ajaristan", in The Geographical Journal, Vol. LXXXIV, No. 6, 1934, pp. 465-478

RIETDORF, Werner, Kaukasusreise: Westkaukasus, Swanetien, Elbrusregion, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, 1990 [158 pp.]

RIKLI, Prof. Dr. Martin, & RUEBEL, Eduard, Vegetationsbilder aus dem westlichen Kaukasus, Fischer, 1913

RIKLI, Prof. Dr. Martin (ed.), Natur- und Kulturbilder aus den Kaukasusländern und Hocharmenien von Teilnehmern der schweizerischen naturwissenschaftlichen Studienreise, Sommer 1912, Zürich: Art. Institut Orell Füssli, 1914 [317 pp.]

RILLI, Nicola, "Terre sconosciute: La Cewsuria", Firenze: 1952 [13 pp.]

RIOSCHMANN, Lieut-Col Hans, MS P-148 Mountain Warfare, U.S. Army Foreign Military Studies Office, 1954 [Discusses the operations of the 1st Mountain Division in the Caucasus, August through September, 1942.]

RITTER, Carl, Die Vorhalle europaeischer Voelkergeschichten vor Herodotus, um den Kaukasus und an den Gestaden des Pontus, Berlin: G. Reimer, 1820

RITTER, Carl, Über Alexander des Großen Feldzug am Indischen Kaukasus, Berlin: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1831

RIVERA NÚÑEZ, Diego, & MATILLA SÉIQUER, Gonzalo, Plants and humans in the Near East and the Caucasus : ancient and traditional uses of plants as food and medicine, a diachronic ethnobotanical review: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey, 2 volumes, Murcia: Editum, 2012 [vol. 1: 341 pp.; vol. 2: 1,057 pp.]

RIVKIN, Pavel, Arms and Armor of Caucasus, Yamna Publishing, 2015 [338 pp. with 213 colour illustrations; most likely an English translation of the author's Oružie i voennaja istorija Kavkaza (Zaporožʹe: Muzej Istorii Oružija, 2011).]

"Roaming Russia's Caucasus", in The National Geographic Magazine, Vol. LXXXII, No. 1 (July 1942), Washington: National Geographic Society, 1942

ROBERTS, Sir Randal Howland, Asia Minor and the Caucasus, J.R. Osgood and Company, 1877

ROBINSON, Neil, World Rail Atlas and Historical Summary, Vol. VIII: The Middle East and Caucasus, Darfield (South Yorkshire): World Rail Atlas Ltd, 2006 [With detailed maps. Features the railway systems, past and present, of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. '[The] accompanying text provides chronological details of the development of each country’s rail systems, as well as important social and economic changes since the first openings in the days of Ottoman or Russian rule.' Printed by the "T. Kableshkov" Higher School of Transport, Sofia, Bulgaria.]

de ROHAN, La Duchesse Herminie de La Brousse de Verteillac, Les Dévoilées du Caucase: Notes de voyage, Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 1910 ['A son altesse la Princesse Salomé Murat, qui m'a fait ouvrir avec une grace sans pareilles les portes de son merveilleux Caucase, je dédie ces modestes lignes.']

ROHRBACH, Paul, Vom Kaukasus zum Mittelmeer — Eine Hochzeits- und Studienreise durch Armenien, B.G. Teubner, 1903

ROHRBACHER, Heinrich, Georgien — Bibliographie des deutschsprachigen Schrifttums, Wiesbaden-Erbenheim: Harrassowitz, 2008 [562 pp.; over 7,000 references; 'Die Bibliographie enthält über 7000 z. T. annotierte Titel über Georgien, ehemalige georgische Provinzen in Nordost- Anatolien und georgische Siedlungsgebiete außerhalb des Mutterlandes unter den Gliederungspunkten: Archäologie, Kultur- und Kunstgeschichte, Byzantinistik, Geschichte, Literaturwissenschaft und Philologie, Theologie, Kirchengeschichte, Christlicher Orient und Sprachwissenschaft.']

ROHWER, Hans Joachim, Die heisse Stadt, Berlin: Edition Karo, 2010 [127 pp.; a recent account of Christmas in Georgia, which had been 'officially banned for 70 years'.]

ROMMEL, Dietrich Christoph, Caucasiarum Regionum et Gentium Straboniana Descriptio, Lipsiae, 1804

ROMMEL, Dietrich Christoph, "Erörterungen über einige Gegenstände der alten Geographie Asiens: Über den Sitz des Mosaischen Paradieses und der Sündfluth. Über den Caucasus. Über die Amazonen. Über den geographischen sitz der Aorsen, Awaren und Hunnen.", in Allgemeine Geographische Ephemeriden, Weimar: Industrie-Comptoirs, 1806

ROMMEL, Dietrich Christoph, Die Völker des Caucasus nach den Berichten der Reisebesschreiber nebst einem Anhange zur Geschichte des Kaukasus, Weimar: Landes-Industrie-Comptoire, 1808

RONDET-SAINT, Maurice, Aux confins de l'Europe et de l'Asie, Paris: Plon, 1913

ROTHSTEIN, Andrew, A People Reborn: The Story of North Ossetia, London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1954

RUBINSON, Karen, & SAGONA, Antonio, Ceramics in Transitions: Chalcolithic Through Iron Age in the Highlands of the Southern Caucasus and Anatolia, Peeters Publishers, 2008

RUDOLPH, Fritz, STULZ, Percy, & LEWENSTEIN, Henry, Kawkas, querdurch! — Tagebuchblätter und fotografische Notizen einer Kaukasus-Durchquerung, mit 300 Worte Alpinistenrussisch und Hinweise für Kaukasus-Fahrer

RUDOLPH, Fritz, STULZ, Percy, & LEWENSTEIN, Henry, Kawkas, querdurch! — Tagebuchblätter und fotografische Notizen einer Kaukasus-Durchquerung, mit 300 Worte Alpinistenrussisch und Hinweise für Kaukasus-Fahrer ["Caucasus: straight through! — Diary and photographic notes of a crossing of the Caucasus, with a 300-word list of Russian mountaineering terms and recommendations for visitors to the region"], Berlin: Sportverlag, 1961 [319 pp.; an illustrated account of a historic East German traverse of the Caucasus.]

RUGARD, M., Krim- und Kaukasus-fahrt — Bilder aus Rußland nach eigener Anschauung und authentischen Berichten, Breslau: Schlesische Buchdruckerei, Kunst- und Verlags-Anstalt, vorm. S. Schottländer, 1891

RUKHADZE, Julietta Akakievna, LUKIASHVILI, A., & CHKONIA, I., Sopeli Akura: Etnograpiul da antropologiur mecnierebata VII saertasoriso kongresisatvis ["The Village of Akura: Materials collected for the VIIth International Congress of Ethnography and Anthropology"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1964 [199 pp., an ethnographic study of the village of Akura in Georgia.]

RUPRECHT, F.J., Barometrische Hohenbestimmungen im Caucasus, ausgeführt in den Jahren 1860 und 1861 für pflanzen-geographische Zwecke, Kessinger Pub., 2010

Russia: Report on the Tea Industry of the Caucasus, Foreign Office, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1903

Russia: Report for the Year 1890 on the Trade of the Consular District of Batoum, Foreign Office, Diplomatic and Consular Reports of Trade and Finance No. 871, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1891

Russia: Report for the Year 1905 on the Trade of Batoum and District, Foreign Office, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1906

Russia: The Official Report of the British Trades Union Delegation to Russia and Caucasia Nov. and Dec. 1924, London: Trades Union Congress General Council, 1925

RUSTAVELI, Shota, The Knight in the Panther-Skin [Encyclopaedia Britannica: 'The date of composition of Shota Rustaveli’s Vepkhvistqaosani (The Knight in the Panther’s Skin) can only be conjectured. It is not mentioned in the chronicle Istoriani da azmani sharavandedtani ("Histories and Praises of Crowned Monarchs"), composed just after Queen Tamara’s death (c. 1213), and it is unlikely that such a poem was written after the Mongol invasion of 1225. It was therefore most probably composed about 1220. The earliest quotation from the poem dates to the 15th century, and the earliest manuscript copy of it is from the 17th century.']

RYCHKOV, Yu. G., Studies of the Process of Isolation Among Some Tribes in the Pamirs and the Caucasus, Moscow: Nauka, 1964


SAGARADZE, M., "Customs and Beliefs in Imerethi" (Obichai i verovania v Imeretii), in S.M.C., Vol. XXVI, No. 1

SAGONA, A.G., & ABRAMISCHWILI, Michael (eds), Archaeology in the Southern Caucasus — Perspectives from Georgia, Peeters, 2008

SAID, Kurban [NUSSIMBAUM, Lev], Ali and Nino, 1937

SAIDOV, M., The Daghestan Arabic Literature of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, paper presented at the XXVth International Congress of Orientalists, Moscow: Oriental Literature Publishing House, 1960

SAINT-MARTIN, Recherches sur les Populations Primitives et les plus anciennes Traditions du Caucase, 1847

SALAKAIA, S.K., "Ritual Folklore of the Abkhazians", in Soviet Anthropology and Archeology Vol. XIV, Nos 1 & 2, 1975

SALIA, Kalistrat, Histoire de la nation géorgienne, Nino Salia, 1980

SALKELD, Audrey, & BERMÚDEZ, José Luis, On the Edge of Europe — Mountaineering in the Caucasus

SALKELD, Audrey, & BERMÚDEZ, José Luis, On the Edge of Europe — Mountaineering in the Caucasus, Hodder & Stoughton, 1993

SALMASLIAN, Armenag, Bibliographie de l'Arménie — Préface de René Grousset, Paris: self-published, 1946

SALVINI, Mirjo, "Le royaume d'Ourartou du IXe au VIIe s. av. J.-C." ["The kingdom of Urartu from the IXth to the VIIth century B.C."], in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 52-57.]

SAMOUILIDIS, Chrestos, The Popular Traditional Theatre of Pontus, Athens: 1980 (in Greek)

SANTROT, Jacques (ed.), Trésors de l'Arménie ancienne, des origines au IVe siècle, Paris: Somogy éditions d'art, 1996 [288 pp.; richly illustrated.]

SARTRE, Maurice, L'Anatolie hellénistique — De l'Égée au Caucase, Paris: Armand Colin, 2003

de SASSOUN, David, Épopée en vers, traduit de l'arménien avec une introduction et des notes par Frédéric Feydit, préface de Joseph Orbeli, Paris: Gallimard & UNESCO Caucase, 1989

de la SAUCE, W., Beiträge zur Kenntnis d. Manganerzlagerstätte v. Tschiaturi im Kaukasus, Halle: Knapp, 1926 [90 pp. with 7 ill.]

SAVA, Eugen, GOVEDARICA, Blagoje, & HÄNSEL, Bernhard (eds.), Der Schwarzmeerraum vom Äneolithikum bis in die Früheisenzeit [5000-500 v.Chr.], Vol. II: Globale Entwicklung versus Lokalgeschehen, Internationalen Fachtagung von Humboldtianern für Humboldtianer im Humboldt-Kolleg in Chisinau, Moldavien (4.-8. Oktober 2010), Rahden: Verlag Marie Leidorf, 2011 [284 pp.; No. 27 of the "Prähistorische Archäologie in Südosteuropa" series; see also Vol. I (Joni APAKIDZE, ed.) above; 'Auf Vorwort und Einleitung folgen 18 Beiträge zu kupferzeitlichen symbolischen Bestattungen, Salzgewinnung, Kulturgeschichte des 5. / 4. Jts, technischen und sozialen Innovationen der Kupferzeit, der äneolithischen Chronologie, Kontakten zwischen Siebenbürgen und Schwarzmeerraum, der Bronzezeit Südrumäniens, Gußformendepots, Bronzesicheln, der Spätbronzezeit der nordpontischen Steppe, spätbronzezeitlichen Gußformen, eisenzeitlichen Grabsitten der Kolchis, der Früheisenzeit Kasachstans, der frühhallstattzeitlichen Befestigung von Saharna, hallstattzeitlichen Stammesfesten, Amazonen im Spiegel von Grabfunden, Goldappliken mit Drachen sowie Grabraub in Moldavien.']

SAVAGE, Richard, Prince Schamyl's Wooing — A Story of the Caucasus-Russo-Turkish War, London & New York: George Routledge & Sons, 1892

SAVILE, John Charles George (4th Earl of Mexborough), Half round the Old World, being some Account of a Tour in Russia, the Caucasus, Persia, and Turkey, London: E. Moxon & Co., 1867

SCARAMUZZA, Carlo (ed.), Kaitag — Art for Life, a Selected Public Kaitag Exhibition from European Collections/Kaitag — Arte per la Vita, Tessuti ricamati del Daghestan

SCARAMUZZA, Carlo (ed.), Kaitag — Art for Life, a Selected Public Kaitag Exhibition from European Collections/Kaitag — Arte per la Vita, Tessuti ricamati del Daghestan, (bilingual English/Italian), Silvana Editoriale, 2010

SCHAEFFER, Commander Claude F.A., "Archaeological Discoveries in Trialeti (Caucasus)", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, April 1944

SCHAGINJAN, Marietta, Leben und Leute in Armenien ["Life and people in Armenia"], Berlin: Verlag der sowjetischen Militärverwaltung in Deutschland, 1947

SCHERER, Alexander Nicolaus, Versuch Einer Systematischen Uebersicht der Heilquellen des Russischen Reichs ["An attempted systematic review of the mineral springs of the Russian Empire"], St Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1820

SCHERZER, V., 46. Infanterie-Division: Krim, Kaukasus, Kaukasusbrückenkopf, Isjum, Jassy — Weg und Einsatz einer fränkisch-sudetendeutschen Infanterie-Division 1938-1945 ["46th Infantry Division: Crimea, Caucasus, Caucasus bridge-head, ?Isjum?, Jassy — Route and deployment of a Frankish and Sudeten-German infantry division 1938-45"], Ranis/Jena: Scherzer Militär-Verlag, 2009 [642 pp.]

SCHIEFNER, A., Versuch über die Thusch-Sprache oder die Khistische Mundart in Thuschetien, St Petersburg: Buchdruckerei der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1856

SCHINKUBA, Bagrat, Im Zeichen des Halbmonds — Ein historischer Roman, Berlin: Rütten & Loening, 1981 [392 pp.; a historical novel based upon the disappearance of the Ubykhs in the XXth century.]

SCHMIDT, Karl Horst, Studien zur Rekonstruktion des Lautstandes der südkaukasischen Grundsprache ["Studies on the reconstruction of the sound-system of Proto-south-caucasian"], Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1962 [Part of the "Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes" series, Vol. XXXIV, No. 3.]

SCHMIDT, Karl Horst, "Die west- und ostkaukasischen Literaturen", in Kindlers Literatur-Lexikon, Vol. II, Munich: 1974

SCHMIDT, Martin (ed.), Reisen zu den Deutschen im Osten Europas: Zwischen Oder und Memel, Karpaten und Kaukasus, Graz: Leopold Stocker, 2006 [240 pp.; 30 accounts of the remnants of German communities in eastern Europe — notably in Chechnya and Georgia.]

SCHNEIDER, A.M., "Archaeopolis (Nokalakewi)", in Forschungen und Fortschritte, Vol. VII, No. 27, pp.354-5

SCHÖNHOFF Die Felsenadler von Dagestan

SCHNEIDER, Gerd-Dietrich, Vom Kanal zum Kaukasus — Die 3. R-Flottille, Feuerwehr an allen Fronten ["From the English Channel to the Caucasus — The 3rd "R-Flotilla", the fire brigade on every front"], Herford: Koehler, 1982

SCHNIRELMAN, Victor A., "A Revolt of Social Memory: The Chechens and Ingush against the Soviet Historians", Hokkaido: The Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University

SCHÖNER, Jörg, & KUSNEZOW, Alexander, Im Kaukasus, Leipzig: VEB Brockhaus Verlag, 1981 [175 pp.]

SCHÖNHOFF Die Felsenadler von Dagestan

SCHÖNHOFF, Heinz Oskar, Die Felsenadler von Dagestan, mit 12 Tafelbildern nach Zeichnungen u. Radierungen v. Th. Horschelt u. Gr. Gagarine u. Karte v. K. Kraus, Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 1938 [191 pp.; most likely a novel or a history of XIXth-century resistance to Russian imperial ambitions.]

SCHOR, David, "The Zionist Labour Movement in the Caucasus", in SLUTZKY, Yehuda (ed.), Heawar — Devoted to the History of Russian Jews, Vol. XXI, Tel Aviv: "Altira" Association for Study of the History of the Jews in Russia and the Ukraine, 1974

SCHULZE, Wolfgang, Person, Klasse, Kongruenz: Fragmente einer Kategorialtypologie des einfachen Satzes in den ostkaukasischen Sprachen, 2 volumes, München: LINCOM, 1998 [360 pp.; No. 4 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

SCHÜRMANN, Ulrich, Teppiche aus dem Kaukasus: eine eingehende Darstellung der Teppichknüpfkunst des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts in den einzelnen Distrikten des Kaukasus, Braunschweig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1964 [English translation, Caucasian rugs: a detailed presentation of the art of carpet weaving in the various districts of the Caucasus during the 18th and 19th century, published London: Allen & Unwin, 1967.]

SCHÜTZ, Paul, Zwischen Nil und Kaukasus — Ein Reisebericht zur religionspolitischen Lage im Orient, Kassel: J. Stauda, 1953 [264 pp.]

SCHWARZENBACH, Annemarie, Lorenz Saladin, ein Leben für die Berge — Hrsg. und mit einem Essay vers. von Robert Steiner und Emil Zopfi, Basel: Lenos, 2007 [272 pp.; the extraordinarily-named "Lorenz Saladin" was a Swiss mountaineer who in 1932 'took part in the first Swiss expedition to the Caucasus with a ski club from Zurich and contributed reports and photographs to the press. [He] climbed the Ushba peak [and] became acquainted with the Moscow student and climber Georgi Charlampiew, [who in 1934] helped him organize his own climbing expedition to the Caucasus. A mountain, Pik Saladin, was named after him.']

SCHWARZGRUBER, Adolf, & PETERKA, Hubert, "Deutsche Bergsteigererfolge im Kaukasus 1935", in Zeitschrift des Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenvereins, Vol. LXVII (1936), Innsbruck: Verlag d. Dt. u. Österr. Alpenvereins, 1936

SCHWEIGER-LERCHENFELD, Zwischen Donau und Kaukasus: Land- und Seefahrten im Bereiche des Schwarzen Meeres

von SCHWEIGER-LERCHENFELD, Amand, Zwischen Donau und Kaukasus: Land- und Seefahrten im Bereiche des Schwarzen Meeres ["Between Danube and Caucasus: Journeys by land and sea in the Black Sea region"], Wien, Pest & Leipzig: Hartleben, 1887 [an astonishing 792 pp. with 215 woodcuts and 11 colour maps.]

von SCHWEINITZ, Hans Hermann, Helenendorf: Eine deutsche Kolonie im Kaukasus, Vossische Buchhandlung, 1910

SCHWENKER, Gerold, Briefe aus dem Kaukasus, Leipzig: Engelsdorfer Verlag, 2004

SCOTT, Charles Henry, The Baltic, the Black Sea, and the Crimea, comprising travels in Russia, a voyage down the Volga to Astrachan, and a tour through Crim Tartary, London: Richard Bentley, 1854

"Sculpture: les Khatchars [d'Arménie], un art emblématique", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 58-63.]

SEEGMILLER, Steve, Karachay, München: LINCOM, 1996 [60 pp.; No. 109 of the "Languages of the World/Materials" series.]

SEFERBEKOV, Ruslan, "Gods and Demons of the Dagestanian Peoples (A Tentative Typology and Classification)", in Iran & the Caucasus, 3, 1999-2000, pp. 133-134

SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002 ['In December 1999 and in collaboration with both the University of Vienna's Department of Byzantine and Hellenic Studies and the Society for Austro-Armenian Studies, the Austrian Academy of Sciences held an international symposium on the Christianization of the Caucasus, focusing on the 4th century. In connection with the 17th centenary jubilee of the Armenian Church, it was Armenia that constituted the central interest, but Georgia, Caucasian Albania and Alans were also dealt with. The present volume contains 14 articles in German, English and French, dealing with aspects of history, philology, law, art and culture' — among them Seibt's own "Der historische Hintergrund und die Chronologie der Christianisierung Armeniens bzw. der Taufe König Trdats (ca. 315)".]

SEIBT, Werner, & PREISER-KAPELLER, Johannes (eds.), Die Entstehung der kaukasischen Alphabete als kulturhistorisches Phänomen / The Creation of the Caucasian Alphabets as a Phenomenon of Cultural History, Wien: Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2011 [132 pp.; a selection of papers presented during an international symposium held by the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 2005 as one of the events marking the 1,600th anniversary of the creation of the Armenian alphabet.]

SEIDL, Ulf, Die tausendtürmige Weltburg: Geschichten und Gestalten aus dem Kampf um den Kaukasus, Salzburg: Das Bergland-Buch, 1943

SEIFRIZ, William, "Vegetation Zones in the Caucasus", in Geographical Review, Vol. XXVI, No. 1 (Jan. 1936), pp. 59-66

SELIMKHANOV, I., "Spectral Analysis of Metallic Articles from Archaeological Monuments of the Caucasus, U.S.S.R.", in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, Vol. XXVIII, 1962

SEMENOV-TIAN-SHANSKII, La Russie Extra-Européenne et Polaire — Sibérie, Caucase, Asie Centrale, 1900

Sept Jours No. 45, "Caucase: carrefour du pétrole et de la guerre", 1941 [19 pp.]

SERENA, Carla, "Excursions dans le Caucase — De Mer Noire à la Mer Caspienne — L'Iméréthie, Province du Caucase, 1875-1876 — Un Tour en Mingrélie, 1876-1878 — Excursion au Samourzakan et en Abkasie, 1881 — Trois mois en Kakhétie, 1877-1881", in Le Tour du Monde, Vols. XL, XLI & XLIII, Paris: Hachette et Cie., 1880-1882 [English translation: Narikala, 2015.)

SERENA, Carla, "Voyage au Caucase — La Gourie et les Régions de Gori, Börjom et Achalzick", in Le Tour du Monde, Vol. XLVII, Paris: Hachette et Cie., 1884

SERRANO, Silvie, Géorgie, sortie d'empire, Paris: CNRS, 2012 [342 pp.]

SEVERIN, Tim, The Jason Voyage, Hutchinson, 1985

von SEYDLITZ, Nikolai, "Ethnographie des Kaukasus (mit 1 Karte)", in BEHM, E. (ed.), Dr. A. Petermann's Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt, Vol. XXVI, Gotha: Perthes, 1880

von SEYDLITZ, Nikolai, "Die Bevölkerung der Stadt Tiflis nach der Zählung von 25. Marz 1876", in Russische Revue, Vol. XVI, [S.l.: s.n., ca. 1880]

von SEYDLITZ, Nikolai, "Die Tschilou-Höhle, der Schauplatz einer abchasischen Variante der Prometheus-Sage", [S.l.]: Globus, 1889

von SEYDLITZ, Nikolai, Gemeinde und Familienleben der Chewssuren, [S.l.: s.n.], 1891

SEYMOUR, D., "On the Caucasus and Parts of the Crimea", in Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 24th Meeting, Liverpool: 1854

SEYMOUR, H.D., Russia on the Black Sea and Sea of Azof: being a Narrative of Travels in the Crimea and Bordering Provinces; with Notices of the Naval, Military, and Commercial Resources of those Countries, London: John Murray, 1855

SHALON, U., "Caucasian Jews and Zionism", in SLUTZKY, Yehuda (ed.), Heawar — Devoted to the History of Russian Jews, Vol. XXI, Tel Aviv: "Altira" Association for Study of the History of the Jews in Russia and the Ukraine, 1974

SHAVISHVILI ["CHAVICHVILY"], Khariton, Patrie, prisons, exil, Paris: Défense de la France, 1946

SHAVKHELISHVILI, Abram, Tushini — Istoriko Etnographitcheskoye Issledovanie Tsova-Tushin, Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 2001

SHAW, Henry Alden, "Greek Refugees from the Caucasus and the Work of the American Red Cross at Salonique", in Journal of International Relations, Vol. XII, No. 1, 1921

SHCHERBAKOV, D., Views of the U.S.S.R., Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1955

SHELLEY, Maryann, Karst and Caves in the Caucasus, self-published, 1956

SHEVARDNADZE, Eduard, The Future Belongs to Freedom, London: Sinclair-Stephenson, 1991

SHNIRELMAN, Victor A., The Value of the Past: Myths, Identity and Politics in Transcaucasia, Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology, 2001

SHOUISKY, Judith, & McGIBENY, Ruth, Ali of Baku, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1949 [a novel for children]

SIDORKO, Clemens P., Dschihad im Kaukasus: Antikolonialer Widerstand der Dagestaner und Tschetschenen gegen das Zarenreich (18. Jahrhundert bis 1859), Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 2007

von SIEMENS, Ernst Werner, Personal Recollections (translated by W.C. Coupland), London: Asher & Co., 1893

von SIEMENS, Ernst Werner, & FLEISCHHACK, Kurt (ed.), Kaukasusreisen, Zeulenroda: Sporn, 1942 [62 pp.; most likely extracts from Siemens's Recollections.]

SIKOJEV, Andre (ed.), Die Narten, Söhne der Sonne — Mythen und Heldensagen der Skythen, Sarmanten und Osseten, übers. u. hrsg. v. A. Sikojev ["The Narts, Sons of the Sun — Myths and Epic Tales of the Scythians, Sarmatians and Ossetians"], Köln: Diederichs, 1985 [351 pp.]

SINGER, Rolf, "Roaming Russia's Caucasus: Rugged Mountains & Hardy Fighters Guard the Soviet Union's Caucasian Treasury of Oil", in National Geographic Magazine, Washington: National Geographical Society, 1942

SIXEL, Judith, Die Sucherinnen, Zürich: KaMeRu Verlag, 2011 [A 500 pp. novel; 'eine Geschichte im sinnlich-poetischen und zart leidenschaftlichen Stil der georgischen Polyphonie, die an die Frage nach der persönlichen Identität rührt. November 2003 bis August 2008. In Georgien entwickelt sich die euphorisch begrüßte Rosenrevolution zur Dornenrevolution und schließlich zum georgisch-russischen Krieg. Vor diesem Hintergrund erleben zwei Frauen ihren persönlichen Aufbruch zwischen West und Ost, Fremde und Heimat, moderner Großstadtwelt und der Wildnis des Großen Kaukasus. Noch wissen sie nichts voneinander und von dem Geheimnis, das ihr Leben schicksalhaft miteinander verbinden wird.']

SJÖGREN, Andreas Johann, "Iron aevzagakhur", das ist, Ossetische Sprachlehre, nebst kurzem Ossetisch-Deutschen und Deutsch-Ossetischen Wörterbuche ["Iron aevzagakhur" i.e. the Ossetian Language, with a short Ossetian-German and German-Ossetian Dictionary], St Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1844

von SKERST, Herman, Der Gralstempel im Kaukasus — Ur-Christentum in Armenien und Georgien, Stuttgart: Urachhaus, 1986

SKINNER, Peter, Georgia — The Land Below the Caucasus, London: Mta Publications, 2014 [500 pp. with 20 maps and 144 illustrations, 24 in colour; a history of Georgia from the Kingdom of Colchis to the aftermath of the 1921 Soviet invasion.]

SKRYJABINA, Elena, After Leningrad: From the Caucasus to the Rhine 1947-1961, Carbondale (IL): S.I.U. Press, 1978

SLADE, Gavin, Reorganizing Crime: Mafia and Anti-Mafia in Post-Soviet Georgia, Oxford: University Press, 2013 [240 pp.; a study of the largely Georgian phenomenon of the "thieves-in-law", part of the "Clarendon Studies in Criminology" series.]

SLEZKINE, Yuri, "N.I. Marr and the National Origins of Soviet Ethnogenetics", in Slavic Review, Vol. LV, No. 4, 1996

"Small colony of Christians discovered in the wilds of Caucasus", in BURKE, Edmund, & DODSLEY, Robert (eds), The Annual Register, or a View of the History, Politics, and Literature for the Year 1786, Vol. XXVIII, London: J. Dodsley, 1788

SMEETS, Rieks, "On valencies, actants and actant coding in Circassian", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

SMEETS, Rieks, "Suffixal Marking of Plural in Ubykh Verb Forms", in OZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

SMIRNOW, Guide aux Eaux Minérales du Caucase, 1869

SMITH, Adam, The Political Machine: Assembling Sovereignty in the Bronze Age Caucasus (The Rostovtzeff Lectures), Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press, 2015 [264pp.; 'This provocative and timely book identifies three main phases in the development of 'sovereign assemblage' and provides a compelling account of social change in Caucasian societies between the fourth millennium and the Iron Age. Adam T. Smith is professor of anthropology and chair of the Department of Anthropology at Cornell University. He is the author of The Political Landscape and the coauthor of The Archaeology and Geography of Ancient Transcaucasian Societies, Volume 1.'

SMITH, Eli, & DWIGHT, Harrison Gray Otis, Researches of the Rev. E. Smith and Rev. H.G.O. Dwight in Armenia, including a Journey through Asia Minor, and into Georgia and Persia, with a Visit to the Nestorian and Chaldean Christians of Oormiah and Salmas, Boston: Crocker & Brewster, 1833

SOKOLOV, A.E., & SHKONDE, E.I. (eds), "Northern Caucasus", in Agrochemistry of the Soils of the U.S.S.R., Vol. III, Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1969

SOLOMON, James et al., Red List of the Endemic Plants of the Caucasus: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia and Turkey, St. Louis (MO): Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2014

SOMALIAN, Archbishop Placido Sukias, Quadro della storia letteraria di Armenia, Venezia: San Lazzaro degli Armeni, 1829

SOMERVILLE-LARGE, Peter, Caviar Coast, London: Robert Hale Ltd, 1968

SOUDZILOVSKAIA, Nadejda A., & ONIPCHENKO, Vladimir G., "Experimental Investigation of Fertilization and Irrigation Effects on an Alpine Heath, Northwestern Caucasus, Russia", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. XXXVII, No. 4, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 2005

SOURIAU, Silva, Diane au Caucase, Paris: Editions de Montsouris (Collection "Lisette"), 1947 [96 pp.; a tale of adventure in the Caucasus, for children.]

SOUTHGATE, Horatio, Narrative of a Tour through Armenia, Kurdistan, Persia, and Mesopotamia with observations on the condition of Mohammedanism and Christianity in those countries, 2 volumes, New York: Appleton, 1840

"Spotlight on Athens, Krefeld, Soviet Union", in Tramways & Urban Transit: The Official Journal of the Light Rail Transit Association, Vol. LIII, No. 748, April 2000 [Apparently includes some information on light rail transit systems in the Caucasus.]

SPENCER, Edmund, Travels in the Western Caucasus, including a tour through Imeritia, Mingrelia, Turkey, Modavia, Galicia, Silesia and Moravia in 1836, by the Author of "Travels in Circassia", 2 volumes, London: Henry Colburn, 1838

SPIES, Georg, Erinnerungen eines Ausland-Deutschen, Marburg: Self-published, circa 1910 [Chapter 6: "Im Kaukasus, 1902-4".]

SPILLMANN, Joseph S.J., Die Marienkinder — Eine Erzählung aus dem Kaukasus ["The "Marienkinder" — A story from the Caucasus"], Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 1919 [86 pp. with colour ill.; a book for children.]

von STAHL, A.F., STEINMANN, Gustav, & WILCKENS, Otto, Kaukasus, Winter, 1923

von STEINITZ, Generalmajor Ritter, Zwei Jahrzehnte im Nahen Orient — Aufzeichnungen des Generals der Kavallerie Baron Wladimir Giesl ["Twenty Years in the Near East — Notes of the Cavalry General, the Baron Vladimir Giesl"], Berlin: Verlag fur Kulturpolitik, 1927

STEPANOV, I., "Customs and Beliefs of the Georgians of Telav District, Department of Tiflis" (Primeti i Poveria gruzin Telavskago uiezda Tiflisskoi gubernii), in S.M.C., Vol. XIX, No. 2, 1894

STÉPANOV, Téimouraz, Tbilissi: légendes et réalité, Moscow: Novosti, c. 1960 [160 pp.]

STERN, Bernhard, Vom Kaukasus zum Hindukusch — Reisemomente, mit 12 Vollbildern und 33 Textillustrationen nebst einem Anhang: Kaukasische Marschrouten ["From the Caucasus to the Hindu-kush — Moments of a journey, with 12 full-page illustrations and 33 in the text and an appendix: Caucasian itineraries"], Berlin: Verlag Siegfried Cronbach, 1893 [252 pp.; with 'the first attempt at a German-language guide' for travellers to various routes through the Caucasus, pp. 254-322, notably Vladikavkaz-Grozny-Temir Khan Shura-Petrovsk, T.K.S.-Gunib-Khunzakh, Novorossisk-Batumi and Batumi-Tbilisi-Baku.]

STEVENS, Admiral Leslie C., Life in Russia, London: Longmans, 1954 [Admiral Stevens was Naval Attaché in Moscow 1947-49, a period during which he talked with an enormous number and variety of people in Moscow bars, in Leningrad, in the Caucasus and Siberia, on hunting and fishing expeditions, &c.]

STEVENSON, R.H., Amiran-Darejaniani — A Cycle of Medieval Georgian Tales Traditionally Ascribed to Mose Khoneli (translated by R.H. Stevenson), Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1958

STOIANOV, A.L., "Voyage in Svanetia" (Puteshestvie po Svanetii), in Zapiski of the C.B.I.R.G. Soc., Vol. X, No. 2, 1876

STONE, Barry, Secret Army, Crow's Nest (Australia): Allen & Unwin, 2017 [228 pp. with b&w and colour illustrations. 'It was arguably the greatest fighting force in the entirety of the Great War. They were the very best: hardened, fearless, decorated, cocky fighting men, all veterans of Gallipoli and the Western Front. Yet this elite force secretly assembled in London in late 1917 remains an enigma even today.Barry Stone tells the story of these Australian, British, New Zealand, Canadian and South African men who were sent to the ethnic powder keg of the Caucasus to preserve British interests. They matched wits with German spies and assassins. They fought the Turks. They dined with sheiks, outraged local mullahs, forged unlikely alliances with Russian Cossacks, helped Armenians flee genocide, and saved the lives of thousands of starving Persians.This book is a rarity: a story set against the backdrop of war, filled not with bloodshed but with acts of kindness and selflessness; a triumph of the human spirit.']

STROBL, Karl Hans, Dorf im Kaukasus, Budweis: Verlagsanstalt "Moldavia", 1943 [336 pp.]

ST.-SAUVEUR, Excursion en Crimée et sur les Cotes du Caucase au mois de Juillet 1836, 1837

STUXBERG, Anton, Från Krim och Kaukasus, Göteborg: Wald. Zachrissons, 1897 [165 pp.; an illustrated account of a journey undertaken in the summer of 1897.]

STYRON, William, & STUXBERG, Anton (photographs), Krim Och Kaukasus. Naturmålningar Och Bref Nedskrifna Under En Resa Sommaren 1897, Göteborg: Zachrissons Boktryckeri, 1897

STYRSA, Joseph, Climbing in the Caucasus, with a foreword by John Hunt, translated by Till Gottheiner, London: Spring Books, 1950

SUAU, Anthony, COHEN, Bernard, & GREENE, Stanley, Dans les Montagnes où vivent les Aigles — Grozny, Tchétchénie, janvier 1995, Paris: Actes Sud, 1995

SULAKVELIDZE, G.K., Findings of the 1965 Caucasus Anti-Hail Expedition, National Science Foundation, 1966

SUMBATOVA, Nina R., & MUTALOV, Rasul O., A Grammar of Icari Dargwa, München: LINCOM, 2003 [250 pp.; No. 92 of the "Languages of the World/Materials" series.]

SUNY, Ronald Grigor, Armenia in the Twentieth Century, Chico: Scholars’ Press, 1983

SUNY, Ronald Grigor, "Making Sense of Stalin: Some recent and not-so-recent Biographies", in Russian History, 1989

SUNY, Ronald Grigor, "Transcaucasia: Cultural Cohesian and Ethnic Revival in a Multinational Society", in HAJDA, Lubomyr, & GEISSINGER, Mark (eds), The Nationalities Factor in Soviet Politics and Society, 1990

SUNY, Ronald Grigor, The Making of the Georgian Nation, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1994 [2nd edition]

SUPAN, Alexander, Verteilung der Armenischen Bevölkerung in Türkisch-Armenien, Kurdistan, u. Transkaukasien: nach Cuinet, Selenoy, und v. Seydlitz, Gotha: J. Perthes, 1896

de SUZANNET, Souvenirs de voyage: Les provinces du Caucase, l'empire du Brésil, Paris: G.-A. Dentu, 1846

SWERDLOW, Steve, "Understanding Post-Soviet Ethnic Discrimination and the Effective Use of U.S. Refugee Resettlement: The Case of the Meskhetian Turks of Krasnodar Krai", in California Law Review, Vol. LXLIV, No. 6, 2006, pp. 1827-1878

SYKES, Maj. Percy Molesworth, Ten thousand miles in Persia or eight years in Iran, London: John Murray, 1902

SYMANIEC, Virginie, "Les écritures théâtrales du Caucase", in FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK, Ève (ed.), Théatres d'Asie et d'Orient — Traditions, rencontres, métissages, Bruxelles: Lang, 2012

SZYSZMAN, S., Le Karaïsme — Ses doctrines et son histoire, Lausanne: L'Âge d'Homme, 1980 [247 pp.; Karaism, a branch of Judaism founded in Mesopotamia in the VIIIth century, established itself in the Khazar Khanate in the Xth century.]


TAITBOÛT DE MARIGNY, E., Voyages en Circassie en 1818 — Voyages faits sur la côte de Circassie en 1818 par E. Taitboût de Marigny, capitaine de la goëlette "La Circassienne", Brussels: 1821, and Odessa: 1836

TALAKHADZE, Ekaterine (ed.), საქართველოს პეტროგლიფების დიდი კატალოგი ("Big catalogue of Georgia's petroglyphs"), Tbilisi: Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation, 2013 [180 pp; a unique catalogue of petroglyphs in various regions of Georgia, complete with geographical co-ordinates.]

TALALAY, Mikhail, Dal Caucaso agli Appennini: Gli azerbaigiani nella Resistenza italiana, Roma: Sandro Teti Editore, 2013

TANATAR, Joseph, "Petrographische Studien im 'Kleinen Kaukasus'", Munich (university dissertation): printed by A. Huber, 1911 [32 pp.]

TCHALAEV, Kamil, Parlons lak — Caucase, Daghestan, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2012

TCHEKHOFF, Claude, Recherches sur la syntaxe de l'énoncé en construction ergative, avec illustrations en avar, langue du Caucase, et en tongien, langue polynésienne, 2 volumes, Lille: Université de Lille III, 1981 [Doctoral thesis presented to the Université de Paris V in 1975; 382 pp. + 482 pp., roneotyped.]

TCHERTKOFF, Vladimir, Christian Martyrdom in Russia — The Persecution of the Spirit Wrestlers or 'Doukhobortsi' in the Caucasus, London: Brotherhood Publishing, 1897

TCHKOTUA, Prince Nicholas, Timeless, London: Putnam, 1949 ['A novel by the Santa Barbara-based Georgian prince.']

TEDORADZE, Dr Giorgi, ხუთი წელი ფშავ-ხევსურეთში ['Five Years in Pshav-Khevsureti']

TEDORADZE, Dr Giorgi, ხუთი წელი ფშავ-ხევსურეთში ["Five Years in Pshav-Khevsureti"], Tbilisi: S. Tavartkiladzi, 1930 [Download in full — black-and-white JPEGs in c.50MB WINRAR folder, with some colour illustrations.]

TELFER, The Crimea and Transcaucasia; being the narrative of a journey in the Kouban, in Gouria, Georgia, Armenia, Ossety, Imeritia, Swannety, and Mingrelia, and in the Tauric range, 2 Volumes, 1876

TEPTSOV, V. J, "Svanetia: A Geographical Sketch" (Svanetia: Geograficheski ocherk), in S.M.C., Vol. X, No. 1, 1890

TEPTSOV, V. J, "The Life and Beliefs of the Georgians of Megrelia" (Iz bita i verovanji mingrel'tsev), in S.M.C., Vol. XIII, No. 3, 1894

TER-MARTIROSSOV, Félix, "La forteresse d'Érébouni (Érévan)" & [with DESCHAMPS, Stéphane] "Données récentes sur l'Arménie et l'empire perse achéménide", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 64-68 & 68-72, respectively.]

TER-MINASSIAN, A., "La renaissance arménienne", "La diaspora arménienne" & "Les arméniens de France", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 22-25, 100-105 & 132-135, respectively.]

TERZANI, Tiziano, Buonanotte, signor Lenin ["Goodnight, Mister Lenin"], Milan: Longanesi, 1992 [Photographic account of a journey through the Soviet Union (mainly Central Asia but also the Caucasus) as the Soviet Union crumbled in the summer of 1991.]

TESSON, Sylvain, Éloge de L'énergie vagabonde — Voyage de L'Aral à La Méditerranée par la Caspienne et le Caucase, Paris: Édition des Équateurs, 2007

TEULE, Jules-Charles, Pensées et notes critiques extraites du journal de mes voyages dans l'empire du sultan de Constantinople, dans les provinces russes, géorgiennes et tartares du Caucase, et dans le royaume de Perse, Paris: A. Bertrand, 1842

The Winds of Wanderlust: Hiking and Tourist Trails in the Soviet Union, Moscow: 1978 [Includes illustrated descriptions of mountaineering in the Caucasus.]

The World's Best Superfoods, Ireland: Lonely Planet Global Ltd, 2017 [Includes a recipe for 'Caucasus Bee pollen porridge'.]

von THIELMANN d'ERNOUF, Lieut. Baron Max Franz Guido, Streifzüge im Kaukasus, in Persien und in der asiatischen Türkei, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1875 [Also in English: London: John Murray, 1875; and in French: Paris: Plon, 1880.]

THIERRY, J-M., "Le Vaspourakan [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 90-95.]

THIERRY, Michel, "L'histoire de Saint Grégoire peinte dans l'église Saint-Grégoire de Tigran Honenc’[sic.] à Ani (1215)", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

THIERRY, Nicole, "Monuments géorgiens en Turquie", in Archéologia, No. 25, Paris: 1968 [pp. 24-35]

THIERRY, Nicole, "Les églises médiévales de Haute-Svanétie", in Archéologia, No. 159, Paris: 1981 [pp. 24-35]

THIERRY, Nicole, "Les arts plastiques au Vaspourakan [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 96-99.]

THIERRY, Nicole, "Sur le culte de Sainte Nino", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

THOLOZAN, J.-D., Les trois dernières épidémies de peste du Caucase: Chronologie, géographie, prophylaxie, Paris: G. Masson, 1879

THOMAS, David, "The 1958 Climbers Club expedition to the Caucasus", in The Rucksack Club Journal, No. 52, Manchester: The Rucksack Club, 1959

THOMAS, Romain, Russie et Causase [sic.] — Jeux d'influence et nouveaux défis, Paris: Éllipses: 2013

THOMSON, Robert W., "Syrian Christianity and the Conversion of Armenia", in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

THOREZ, Pierre, "Population et peuplement dans le Caucase: Exemples du Daghestan et du grand Caucase géorgien", thesis presented at the Université de Paris VII in September 1979

THUAL, François, Le Caucase — Arménie, Azerbaïdjan, Daghestan, Géorgie, Tchétchénie, Paris: Flammarion, 2001

TIEKE, Wilhelm, Der Kaukasus und das Oel — Der deutsch-russische Krieg im Kaukasus 1942-1943, Osnabrück: Munin, 1970 (English translation by Joseph WELSH, The Caucasus and the Oil: The German-Soviet War in the Caucasus 1942/43, J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, 1995)

von TILESIUS, W.G., Naturgeschichte des Eisfuchses, des kaukasischen Schakals und des Kerssakfuchses, Bonn: Weber's Buchhandlung, 1823

TILKE, Max, Orientalische Kostüme in Schnitt und Farbe, Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth, 1923 [128 colour ills., among them traditional clothing from the Caucasus, but also from the wider Middle and Far East.]

TIRATSIAN, G., "Découvertes récentes en Arménie", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 32-39.]

TOAL, Gerard, Near Abroad: Putin, the West and the Contest over Ukraine and the Caucasus, Oxford University Press, 2017

TOLSTOY, A Russian proprietor, and other stories, c.1887 (Includes A Prisoner in the Caucasus.)

TOLSTOY, More Tales from Tolstoi, Translated from the Russian with an Enlarged Biography of the Author by R. Nisbet Bain (with Photogravure Portrait), 1903 [Includes The Captive in the Caucasus.]

TOLSTOY, Leo, Hadji Murat, London: Penguin Classics, 1960

TOLSTOY, Leo, The Cossacks, a Tale of the Caucasus in the Year 1852, c. 1888

TOSTI, A., "Zwischen Wolga und Kaukasus", in L'Illustrazione Italiana (Deutsch-italienische Ausgabe), No. 43 (28th of October 1942), Milano: Garzanti, 1942

TOTTEN, Michael, Where the West Ends: Stories from the Middle East, the Balkans, the Black Sea, and the Caucasus, Createspace Independent Publishing Platform: 2012

TOUCHABRAMICHVILI, D.M., "Les premiers habitants [de Géorgie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 88 — "Au pays de la Toison d'Or", Paris: 1984 [pp. 20-23.]

TOUMANOFF, Cyril, "Medieval Georgian Historiographic Literature (VIIth to XVth Centuries)", in Traditio, 1943

TOUMANOFF, Cyril, Studies in Christian Caucasian History, Georgetown University, 1963

TOUMANOFF, Cyril, "Armenia and Georgia", in The Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. IV, "The Byzantine Empire, Part I", Cambridge, 1966

TOUMANOFF, Cyril, "Caucasia and Byzantium", in Traditio, Vol. XXVII, 1971

TOUMARKINE, Alexandre, "L'intégration des immigrants du Caucase du Nord-Ouest dans l'Empire Ottoman (de la fin du XIXème siècle au début du XXème siècle)", in OZSOY, A. Sumru (ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Northwest Caucasian Linguistics, 10-12 October 1994, Oslo: Novus, 1997

TOUPET, Armand, L'aigle du Caucase, Chevron: Hemma, 1994 [Children's book.]

TOURLY, Robert, A travers la Russie nouvelle, de Moscou au Caucase, Paris: Sirius, 1932 [284 pp.]

de TOURNEFORT, Joseph Pitton, Relation d'un voyage du Levant, fait par ordre du Roy, contenant l'Histoire Ancienne & Moderne de plusieurs Isles de l'Archipel, de Constantinople, des Côtes de la Mer Noire, de l'Arménie, de la Géorgie, des Frontières de Perse & de l'Asie Mineure — Avec les Plans des Villes & des Lieux considerables; le Genie, les Mœurs, le Commerce & la Religion des differens Peuples qui les habitent; et l'Explication des Médailles & des Monumens Antiques — Enrichie de Descriptions & de Figures d'un grand nombre de Plantes rares, de divers Animaux; et de plusieurs Observations touchant l'Histoire Naturelle, 3 volumes, Lyon: Anisson et Posuel, 1717 ['La moitié de l'ouvrage est consacré à l'archipel grec; le reste à l'Asie Mineure, la mer Noire, le Caucase et la Perse. Il est illustré de 152 planches gravées. L'auteur fut un des plus grands botanistes de son temps.']

TRAINA, Giusto, "Le royaume de la Grande Arménie", "Les inscriptions grecques d'Armavir" & "Artachat (Artaxata)", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 74-77, 78 & 79, respectively.]

TRAPSH, M.M. (ed.), Materialy po arkheologii abkhazii ["Materials on Archaeology in Abkhazia"], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1967 [129 pp. Issued by Abkhazskii institut iazyka, literatury i istorii im. D.I. Guliia. Materials on the Archaeology of Abkhazia. Contents: L.N. Solovyev, Neolitical homesteads at the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus: Lower Shilovsk and Kistrick; L.A. Shervashidze, Tskelkary (Atskar); A.K. Katsia, Architectural monuments in the Tskuara ravine; G.K. Shamba, Fibulas from Necropolis Akhachcharkhva; B.V. Bzhania, The history of archeological studies of monuments from Aeneus and early bronze in Abkhazia; O. Kh. Bgazhba, The history of the research of Medieval monuments in Abkhazia.]

TREYVE, François-Marie, Voyage horticole au Caucase, Moulins: Étienne Auclaire, 1894

TRIETSCH, Davis, Georgien und der Kaukasus, Deutsch-Georgische Gesellschaft, 1918

TRIFONOV, V., Russia's Megaliths — Unearthing the Lost Prehistoric Tombs of Caucasian Warlords in the Zhane Valley, St Petersburg: The Institute for the Study of Material Culture History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2006

TRIGO, Loren, "Abkhaz stress shift", in HEWITT, George (ed.), Caucasian Perspectives, München: LINCOM, 1992

TRUBETSKOY, N., "Erinnerungen an einen Aufenthalt bei den Tscherkessen des Kreises Tuapse 1910" ["Memories of a stay among the Circassians around Tuapse in 1910"], in Caucasia, XI, Leipzig: 1934

TRUNOV, D., A Trip in the North Caucasus — Translated to English from Russian by D. Skvirsky, Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1965

TSAGARELI, Prof. Alexander Antonovich, Snosheniia Rossii s Kavkazom v XVI-XVIII Stoletiiakh ["Russian Relations with the Caucasus in the 16-18th Centuries"], St Petersburg: V. Kirschbaum, 1891

TSAROÏEVA, Mariel, Anciennes Croyances des Ingouches et des Tchétchènes, Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose, 2005

TSAROÏEVA, Mariel, Racines mésopotamiennes et anatoliennes des Ingouches et des Tchétchènes, Paris: Riveneuve, 2008 [329 pp.]

TSAROÏEVA, Mariel, Peuples et religions du Caucase du Nord, Paris: Karthala, 2011 [389 pp.]

TSCHENKELI, Kita, Georgisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch, 26 parts, Zürich: Amirani-Verlag, 1960-1974 [2,470 pp.]

TSERETELI, M., "Sumerian and Georgian: A Study in Comparative Philology", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, London: 1913

TSERETELI, M., "The Asianic (Asia Minor) Elements in Georgian National Paganism, according to Information contained in Ancient Georgian literature", in Georgica, Vol. I, No. 1, London: 1935

TSERETELI, N.V., Kavkaskiye rasskazy ["Caucasian Tales"], Tiflis: 1926 [cover by Zdanevich]

TSHIKOLOVETS, Vadim V., Butterflies of Eastern Europe, Urals and Caucasus — An Illustrated Guide, self-published, 2003

TSUTSIEV, Arthur, Atlas of the Ethno-Political History of the Caucasus, New Haven (CT): Yale University Press, 2014 [200pp; 'an original collection of fifty-seven maps with commentaries on the ethnic, religious, and linguistic makeup of the Caucasus, from the eighteenth century to present. Arthur Tsutsiev is the senior researcher at the Center for Social Studies at the Vladikavkaz Institute of Management.']

TUBACH, Jürgen, VASHALOMIDZE, Sophia, & ZIMMER, Manfred, Caucasus during the Mongol Period — Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 2012 [400 pp.; 'The anthology takes a comparative approach to reconstructing the perceptions that the Armenians and Georgians developed of their Mongol conquerors in the 13th and 14th centuries. The focus lies on the perception of the historical outcomes of nomadic / sedentary interactions from the perspective of both the mundane and the clerical nobility.']

TUITE, Kevin, "Highland Georgian Paganism — Archaism or Innovation?", in The Annual of the Society for the Study of Caucasia, Vol. VII, No. 3, Chicago: 1989

TUITE, Kevin, An anthology of Georgian folk poetry, Cranbury (NJ): Fairleigh Dickinson Press, 1994

TUITE, Kevin, Kartvelian Morphosyntax — Number Agreement and Morphosyntactic Orientation in the South Caucasian Languages, München: LINCOM, 1998 [260 pp.; No. 12 of the "Studies in Caucasian Linguistics" series.]

TUITE, Kevin, "Real and Imagined Feudalism in Highland Georgia", paper presented at the 98th Annual Congress of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, 1999, available online: link

TUITE, Kevin, " 'Antimarriage' in Ancient Georgian Society", in Anthropological Linguistics, Vol. XLII, No. 1, 2000

TUITE, Kevin, "The meaning of Dali. Symbolic and spatial associations of the South Caucasian goddess of game animals", paper presented at the 36th Congrès international des études asiatiques et nord-africaines [ICANAS XXXVI], Montréal: 2000, available online: link

TUITE, Kevin, "Lightning, Sacrifice and Possession in the Traditional Religions of the Caucasus", paper presented at the 10th Congress of the Societas Caucasologica Europæa, Munich, 2000, available online: link

TUITE, Kevin, "The political symbolism of the Pshav (Northeast Georgian highland) mid-summer festival, then and now", paper presented at the Second Chicago Conference on Caucasia, University of Chicago, 2002

TUITE, Kevin, & BUKHRASHVILI, Paata, "Central Caucasian Religious Systems and Social Ideology in the Post-Soviet Period", in Amirani, 7, Tbilisi: 2002

TUITE, Kevin, "Relations between the Sexes in South Caucasian Folk Poetry", in The Annual of the Society for the Study of Caucasia, Vols IV & V, Chicago, 1992-3

TUITE, Kevin, Two Songs of "c’ac’loba" from the Northeast Georgian Highlands (late 19th-early 20th c.)

TUTAEV, David, The Soviet Caucasus, London: Harrap, 1942

TVALCHRELIDZE, Alexander, & MORIZOT, Georges (eds), Mineral Resource Base of the Southern Caucasus and Systems for its Management in the XXIst Century, NATO Science Series IV, Springer, 2003

TVERSKOI, K.N., The Unified Transport System of the U.S.S.R., London: Victor Gollancz Ltd, 1935 [Chapter 8: "Transport connections with the Caucasus".]

TZITAŞI, Iskender (transl.), Gürcüstan Sovyet Sosyalist Cumhuriyeti'nde okutulan Lazca alfabe ["The Laz alphabet taught in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic"], Istanbul: Lazika Yayin Kollektifi, 2011 [Originally published Sokhumi: Abazastanis Jumhuriyetisi gamamsqumala; Doyuran matbaasi, 1935.]

TZITAŞI, Iskender (transl.), Geçhkapules-Meqtebepeseni oxesapusi supara, Istanbul: Lazika Yayin Kollektifi, 2012 [First mathematics textbook in Laz, printed in 1933.]


URQUHART, David, The Portfolio; Or a Collection of State Papers Illustrative of the History of Our Times, 5 volumes, London: James Ridgway & Sons, 1836

URUSHADZE, Venera, An Anthology of Georgian Poetry, translated by Venera Urushadze, Tbilisi: 1958

UVAROVA, Countess P.S., The Caucasus, Racha, District of Gori, the Mountains of Ossetia, Pshavia, Khevsuria and Svanetia — The Notes of a Journey — Part 3 (Kavkaz, Ratcha, Goryiski uezd, gori Osetii, Pshavia, Khevsuretia i Svanetia — Putevia zametki — Chast 3), Moscow, 1904

UVEZIAN, Sonia, The Best Foods of Russia, New York: Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich(?), 1976

UVEZIAN, Sonia, Cooking from the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan), New York: Harvest / HBJ [Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich], 1978

von UXKULL-GYLLENBAND, Moritz August Woldemar, Der heilige Ila vom Tpau — Erzählung aus dem Kaukasus, Dresden: Carl Reißner, 1912

von UXKULL-GYLLENBAND, Moritz August Woldemar, Kavkazskiie Nabroski ["The Caucasus Sketches"], Berlin: Izdatel'stvo I.A. Gutnova, 1922

VADROT, Claude-Marie, En Russie... Sur les traces d'Alexandre Dumas, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2003

VAILLANT-COUTURIER, P., On the Steppes of the Ukraine and the Caucasus, Moscow: Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the USSR, 1932

VALÉRY, Francis, Les Internautes — 2. Le mystère du Caucase, Paris: Magnard Jeunesse, 1999 [A comic book on an adventure in the Caucasus.]

VARANDIAN, Mikael, Le conflit arméno-géorgien et la guerre du Caucase, avec une préface d'Albert Thomas, directeur du International Labor Office, Paris: Imprimerie de M. Flinikowski, 1919

VARDANYAN, Ruben, "La numismatique arménienne des origines au IVe s. ap. J.-C.", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 84-87.]

VASUDEVAN, Hari, In the Footsteps of Afanasii Nikitin: Travels through Eurasia and India in the Twenty-First Century, New Delhi : Manohar Publishers & Distributors, 2014 [368 pp. Nikitin was a Russian merchant who came to India in the sixteenth century, and left a volume of reminiscences his Voyage over Three seas. In time he has come to symbolize India’s relationship with the territories of the former Russian Empire and the Soviet state, as well as with modern Russia. This Volume provides an account of the Nikitin expedition which was organized in 2006-7 by the adventurers and explorers society, Delhi and which covered much of Nikitins route. The expedition was sponsored by various agencies including the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India, and undertook a survey of impressions of India in the Eurasia region, past and present. It also dealt with impressions of Eurasia in India. The Nikitin expedition was a motor car expedition that began in St. Petersburg and continued through Northern Russia after a flag off at Niktin’s hometown of TVer. The expedition travelled to the Volga by way of Moscow moved along the river to Astrakhan, and diverted to the Black Sea, which the cars crossed from Sochi. The expedition then proceeded by way of North East Turkey, the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea coast, and Iran to Bandar Abbas on the Persian Gulf. A second leg of the expedition covered parts of Maharasthra, Goa and Karnataka in India.]

von VEGESACK, Siegfried, Tanja — Eine Erzählung aus dem Kaukasus, Heilbronn: Salzer o. J., [date unknown]

von VEGESACK, Siegfried, Als Dolmetscher im Osten: Ein Erlebnisbericht aus den Jahren 1942-43, mit 12 Bildern nach Aufnahmen d. Verfassers ["Interpreter in the East: An account of my experiences between 1942 and 1943"], Hannover: Hirschheydt, 1965 [265 pp.; from the preface: 'In den Jahren 1942/43 war ich als Dolmetscher im Osten tätig. Im Mai 1942 setzte mich ein Flugzeug in Poltawa ab, und von dort bin ich dann auf eigene Faust — ohne Auto und keinem Vorgesetzten unterstellt — kreuz und quer getrampt, meist in Lastwagen oder Güterzügen, im Süden bis in die Krim und den Kaukasus, und im Norden nach Reval und Narva hinauf. Mein Grundsatz war: weniges gründlich sehen, statt vieles oberflächlich.']

VERDEREVSKII, E.A., Captivity of two Russian princesses in the Caucasus, translated from the Russian by H.S. Edwards, 1857

VERESHCHAGIN, N.K., The mammals of the Caucasus: A history of the evolution of the fauna, Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1967 [816 pp.]

VERESCHAGUINE, Basile, "Voyage dans les provinces du Caucase", in Le Tour du Monde, Paris: Hachette, 1868-9

VERLEUW, Camille, Trafics et crimes en Asie Centrale et au Caucase, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1999

VERTEPOV, G., "Ingushi: Istoriko-ekonomicheskii ocherk" ["The Ingush: A historical-economic sketch"], in Terskii Sbornik, Vladikavkaz: Terskii Oblastnoi Statisticheskii Komitet, 1892

VIDA, Tivadar, "Frühmittelalterliche scheiben- und kugelförmige Amulettkapseln zwischen Kaukasus, Kastilien und Picardie" ["Early mediaeval disc-shaped and spherical amulet-holders between Caucasus, Castille and Picardy"], in Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission, Vol. LXXVI, Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1995

VILLARI, Luigi, Fire and Sword in the Caucasus, London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1906

VIRCHOW, Rudolf Ludwig Karl,Das Gräberfeld von Koban im Lande der Osseten, Kaukasus: eine vergleichend archäologische Studie ["The Burial-ground of the Koban in the Land of the Ossetians, the Caucasus: a Comparative Archaeological Study"], Berlin: Verlag von A. Asher & Co., 1883 [157 pp.]

VIRCHOW, Rudolf Ludwig Karl, "Riesigen geschlagenen Spahn [sic.] und Feuerstein aus Transkaukasien" ["Enormous blocks of ?Spahn? and flint from the Transcaucasus"], in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. XVI, No. 4, Berlin: Verlag von A. Asher & Co., 1884 [3 pp. with lithographed plate and 3 figures.]

VIRCHOW, Rudolf Ludwig Karl, "Über die culturgeschichtliche Stellung des Kaukasus, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der ornamentierten Bronze-Gürtel aus transkaukasischen Gräbern" ["On the cultural and historical situation of the Caucasus, particularly with reference to the decorated bronze belts found in Transcaucasian graves"], in Abhandlungen der Königl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Berlin: Verlag der Königl Akademie der Wissenschaften in Commission bei Georg Reimer, 1895 [66 pp.]

VIRSALADZE, E.B., Gruzinskie narodnye predaniya i legendy ["Georgian folk traditions and legends"], compiled and translated from Georgian by E.B. Virsaladze, Moscow: Nauka, 1973 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

VIRSALADZE, E.B., Gruzinsky okhotnichy mif i poeziya ["Georgian hunting myths and poetry"], compiled and translated from Georgian by E.B. Virsaladze, Moscow: Nauka, 1976 [English translation by D.G. Hunt, unpublished]

VIVIAN, Katharine, 'The Knight in Panther Skin' by Shota Rustaveli, a free translation in prose by Katharine Vivian, with a Foreword by Prof. D.M. Lang, London: The Folio Society, 1977

VIVIAN, Katharine, 'A Book of Wisdom and Lies' by Sulkhan Saba Orbeliani, translated from the Georgian by Katharine Vivian, London: Octagon Press, 1982

VIVIAN, Katharine, "Shota Rustaveli and Georgian Tradition", in Central Asian Survey, Vol. XI, No. 2, 1992

VIVIEN DE SAINT-MARTIN, Louis, Mémoire historique sur la géographie ancienne du Caucase, Paris: 1848

VIVIEN DE SAINT-MARTIN, Louis, "Etude géographique sur le Caucase de Strabon", in Études de géographie ancienne, Paris: 1852

VLASTOV, Georgii Konstantinovitch, Ombres du passé: Souvenirs d'un officier du Caucase, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1899

de VOGUE, Vicomte Eugène Melchior, "Through the Caucusus — An account of a journey by carriage and rail", in Harpers Monthly Magazine, Vol. LXXX, 1890

VOLCK, Herbert, Die Wölfe — Mein sibirisch-kaukasisches Abenteuerbuch ["The wolves — My Siberian-Caucasian adventure-book"], Berlin & Wien: Ullstein, 1918 [250 pp.; a tale of escape and capture in Siberia and the Caucasus during the First World War.]

VOLCK, Herbert, Öl und Mohammed — "Der Offizier Hindenburgs" im Kaukasus ["Oil and Mohammed — "Hindenburg's Officer" in the Caucasus"], Breslau: Wilh. Gottl. Korn, 1938 [281 pp.]

VOLKMANN, Erich Otto, Von den Karpathen zum Kaukasus, Bibliographisches Institut, 1935


WAGNER, Dr Moritz Friedrich, Der Kaukasus und das Land der Kosaken in den Jahren 1843 bis 1846, 2 volumes, Dresden & Leipzig: Arnoldische Buchhandlung, 1848

WAGNER, Dr Moritz Friedrich, Reise nach Kolchis und nach den deutschen Colonien jenseits des Kaukasus, mit Beiträgen zur Völkerkunde und Naturgeschichte Transkaukasiens, Leipzig: Arnoldische Buchhandlung, 1850 [341 pp.]

WAGNER, Dr Moritz Friedrich, Schamyl als Feldherr, Sultan und Prophet, und der Kaukasus — Schilderungen der Völker und Länder Kaukasiens, Leipzig: Gustav Remmelmann, 1854 (English translation by Sir Frederic Charles Lascelles, 3rd Baronet Wraxall, published by Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, 1854)

WAHL, Detlev, Lexikon der Völker Europas und des Kaukasus, Rostock: Meridian, 1999 [232 pp.]

de WAILLY, Gaston, La Reine du Caucase, Paris: Librairie Bricot & Lesot, 1914 [30pp.; comedy in one act.]

WALCKENAER, Charles-Athanase, Recherches sur la géographie ancienne et sur celle du moyen âge, Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1823 [Contains a chapter entitled "Mémoire sur les dénominations de Portes Caspiennes, Caucasiennes, Sarmatiennes et Albaniennes, appliquées aux défilés de la chaîne du Caucase, et sur le Mons Caspius des systèmes géographiques d'Eratosthène et d'Hipparque".]

WALDVOGEL, Reisebilder aus dem Kaukasus, 1897

WALSH, Harry H., "Azeris", in WEEKES, Richard W. (ed.), The Muslim Peoples: a World Ethnographic Survey, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1984

"WANDERER" [Walter Tschudi Lyall], Notes on the Caucasus, London: Macmillan, 1883 [280 pp.]

WANHÖFER, Günter, Pioniere nach vorn! — Vom Kaukasus bis Kurland 1942-1944 ["Engineers forward! — From the Caucasus to the Courland 1942-4"], Neckargemünd: Vowinckel, 1962 [248 pp.; 'Nach Kriegsende wurde der Verlag von Kurt Vowinckel, der in den 1960er Jahren Vorsitzender der rechtsextremen Gesellschaft für freie Publizistik (GfP) war, wiedergegründet.']

WARDROP, J. Oliver, The Kingdom of Georgia — Travel in a Land of Women, Wine and Song, to which are Appended Historical, Literary, and Political Sketches, Specimens of the National Music, and a Compendious Bibliography, with Illustrations and Maps, London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington Ltd., 1888

WARDROP, J. Oliver, "The Georgian Version of the story of the loves of Vis and Ramin", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, July, 1902

WARDROP, J. Oliver, "English-Svanetian Vocabulary", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, July, 1911

WARDROP, J. Oliver, "The Laws of King George V of Georgia, Surnamed 'the Brilliant', from the Bodleian MS. of the Code of [King] Vakhtang VI, formerly the property of Prince David of Georgia", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, London: 1914

WARDROP, Marjory, Georgian Folk Tales, Translated by Marjory Wardrop, London: David Nutt, 1894

WARE, Robert Bruce, & KISRIEV, Enver, Dagestan — Russian Hegemony and Islamic Resistance in the North Caucasus, Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 2010

de WARNERY, Charles-Emmanuel, Remarques sur le militaire des Turcs et des Russes, Breslau: Korn, 1771

WARTANOFF, Boris, Der Kaukasus: Land des Reichtums und der Sagen, Kommissionsverlag Verbandsdruckerei AG., 1943

Was sahen 58 deutsche Arbeiter in Rußland? Bericht der deutschen Arbeiter-Delegation über ihren Aufenthalt in Rußland vom 14. Juli bis zum 28. August 1925, Berlin: Neuer Deutscher Verlag, 1925 [176 pp.; 'die Eindrücke einer gemeinsamen Reise von SPD- und KPD-Genossen nach Moskau und Leningrad, auf die Krim sowie in Ural und Kaukasus'.]

WATERS, Christopher P.M., Counsel in the Caucasus: Professionalization and Law in Georgia, Dordrecht: Springer, 2004 [191 pp.; 'Chapter 1: Approaching Georgian Lawyers.']

WATSON, Elisa, "Georgians", in Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Vol. IV, Human Relations Area Files Inc., 1994

WECKERT, Werner, Im Kaukasus 1933, Stämpfli, 1934

WEGNER, Armin T., Fünf Finger über Dir — Aufzeichnungen einer Reise durch Rußland, den Kaukasus und Persien, 1927/28 ["Five fingers over you — Accounts of a journey through Russia, the Caucasus and Persia in 1927-8"], Wuppertal: Peter Hammer, 1979 [372 pp.]

von WEICHMANN, Wilhelm, Kriegsgefangen im Kaukasus: Erlebnisse und Gedanken während einer siebenmonatigen Gefangenschaft in Feindesland / für das Feldartillerie-Regiment von Peucker (1. Schles.) Nr. 6, 1917

WEINHOLD, R., & TREIDE, D., "Die Völkerschaften des Kaukasus im Altertum nach verschiedenen antiken Autoren vom 6. Jh. v. d. Z. bis zum 2. Jh. n. d. Z.", in KOTHE, H., & OTTO, K.H. (eds.), Ethnographisch-archäologische Forschungen, Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1953

WEINSCHROTT, Elisabeth, Durch den Kaukasus — Eine Fahrt durch Georgien, Aserbaidschan und Armenien, Freiburg: Centaurus Verlag u. Media, 2009

WELLS, Carveth, Kapoot, 1934 [The narrative of a journey from Leningrad to Mt Ararat in search of Noah's Ark undertaken in 1932.]

WENGEL, Tassilo, Blütenstauden im Hochgebirge — Ein Streifzug durch Tatra, Südkarpaten, Rila, Pirin und Kaukasus, Berlin: Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, 1985 [223 pp. with 252 colour ills. & 62 drawings.]

WENINGER, Josef, "Die Mingrelier aus dem Kaukasus in ihrer anthropologischen Stellung" ["The Mingrelians of the Caucasus in their anthropological situation"], in the journal of the Akademie der Wissenschaften in Vienna, Series A, "Physical Anthropology", Vol. IX, Vienna: R.M. Rohrer (printer), 1955

von WESENDONK, O.G., "Über georgische Heidentum", in Caucasica, 1, Leipzig: 1924

von WESENDONK, O.G., Aus der kaukasischen Welt, Berlin: Wegweiser-Verlag, 1925

WIECZOREK, Alfried, & PÉRIN, Patrick, Das Gold der Barbarenfürsten — Schätze aus Prunkgräbern des 5. Jahrhunderts N. Chr. zwischen Kaukasus und Gallien ["The gold of the barbarian dukes — Treasures from noble burials of the Vth century A.D. between the Caucasus and Gaul"], Stuttgart: Konrad Theiss, 2001 [183 pp. with numerous ill.; catalogue of an exhibition jointly held in 2001 at the Château of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and the Reiss Museum in Mannheim.]

WILBRAHAM, Richard, Travels in the Trans-Caucasian Provinces of Russia, and along the Southern Shore of the Lakes of Van and Urumiah in the Autumn and Winter of 1837, London: John Murray, 1839 [477 pp. and a map, 'by Captain Richard Wilbraham, 7th Royal Fusiliers, lately employed on a particular service in Persia'.]

WILFORD, Capt. Francis, "On Mount Caucasus", in Asiatick Researches, or Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal for enquiring into the History and Antiquities, the Arts, Sciences and Literature of Asia, Vol. VI, Calcutta: Printed at the Honourable Company's Press by Thomas Watley, 1799

WILKE, "Archäologische Parallelen aus dem Kaukasus und den unteren Donauländern" ["Archaeological parallels between the Caucasus and the lower Danube area"], in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Berlin: Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, 36. Jahrgang, Heft 1, 1904

WILLIAMS, Augustus Warner, and MGRDITCH, Simbad Gabriel, Bleeding Armenia: Its History and Horrors under the Curse of Islam; containing also the views of William E Gladstone, the Marquis of Salisbury and Edward A Freeman, Chicago: Publishers' Union, 1896

WILM, Theodor, "Über ein neues Vorkommen von palladiumhaltigen Gold im Kaukasus" ["On a new discovery of palladium-rich gold in the Caucasus"], in Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Vol. IV, 1893

WILSON, Samuel Graham, "The Armenian Church in Its Relation to the Russian Government", in The North American Review, 180(578), 1905, pp. 88-101

de WINDT, Harry, Through savage Europe — Being the narrative of a journey throughout the Balkan States and European Russia, London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1907 [344 pp. & 45 black-and-white photographs.]

WIXMAN, Ronald, Language Aspects of Ethnic Patterns and Processes in the North Caucasus, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980

WIXMAN, Ronald, "Daghestanis" & "Circassians", in WEEKES, Richard W. (ed.), The Muslim Peoples: a World Ethnographic Survey, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1984

WIXMAN, Ronald, The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook, Sharpe, 1984

WOLF, Lothar, & RUBEN-WOLF, Martha, Durch Kaukasien — Reiseskizzen deutscher Ärtzte ["Through the Caucasus — Sketches of a journey underaken by German doctors"], Berlin: Internationaler Arbeiter-Verlag, 1928 [183 pp.]

WOLFE, Ffrida, & WOLFE, A.T., How to Identify Oriental Rugs, New York: Harper & Bros, 1927

WOOD, C.A., & FYFE, F.M. (translators and editors), The Art of Falconry: being the 'De arte venandi cum avibus' of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, Boston & London: 1943 [Contains references to falconry in the Caucasus.]

WOOLLEY, Hermann, "The Ascent of Dych-Tau", in The Alpine Journal, Vol. XV, No. 109, August 1890, pp. 173-191

WORMSTALL, M., "Il Caucaso e le sue vie di transito", Milano: 1940 [10 pp.]


XANTHOPOULOU-KYRIAKOU, Artemi, "The Migration of Pontic Greeks from the Russian Caucasus to Macedonia (1912-1914)", in Balkan Studies, Vol. XXXVII, No. 2, 1996, pp. 271-288

XENOPHON, The Persian Expedition, Penguin, 1949

YAGAN, Murat, Der Mann aus dem Kaukasus — Die spirituelle Autobiographie eines Sufis ["The man from the Caucasus — The spiritual autobiography of a Sufi"], Interlaken: Ansata, 1990

YAKEMTCHOUK, Romain, Hydrocarbures de la Caspienne — La compétition des puissances dans le Caucase et en Asie centrale, Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1999

YEGANYAN, Larissa, "[Le site de] Mets Sepasar [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 44-45.]

YELD, George, "Daghestan and the Ascent of Basardjusi", in The Alpine Journal, Vol. XVI, No. 115, February 1892, pp. 1-18

YERASIMOS, Stéphane, Questions d'Orient: frontières et minorités des Balkans au Caucase, Paris: La Découverte (Collection "Hérodote"), 1993 [247 pp.]

YURLOVA, Marina, Cossack Girl, 1934 [Personal recollections of army life in the Caucasus and later in Siberia from 1915 to 1919.]

YUZBACHIAN, Karen N., "Einige Bemerkungen über die Entwicklung der nationalen Bewusstseinsbildung im kaukasischen Albanien" ["Some remarks concerning the development of national self-identity in Caucasian Albania"], in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

ZAKARIADZE, Guram S., DILEK, Yildirim, ADAMIA, S.A., OBERHÄNSLI, R.E., KARPENKO, S.F., BAZYLEV, B.A., & SOLOV'EVA, N., "Geochemistry and geochronology of the Neoproterozoic Pan-African Transcaucasian Massif (Republic of Georgia) and implications for island arc evolution of the late Precambrian Arabian–Nubian Shield", in Gondwana Research, Vol. XI, No. 1, 2007

ZAKARIAN, L., "Les arts appliqués [en Arménie]", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 177 — "Arménie, 3,000 ans d'histoire", Paris: 1992 [pp. 74-81.]

ZALIKHANOV, M. Ch., "A Change of the Upper Boundary of Forest in the Greater Caucasus, U.S.S.R., under the Influence of Avalanches", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

ZAMPI, Giuseppe Maria, Relatione della Colchida, 1620

ZARDARYAN, Mkritch, TONIKYAN, Armen, ALCOCK, Susan, & CHERRY, John, "Les investigations du projet 'Vorotan' (région de Syunik [en Arménie])", in Dossiers Histoire et Archéologie, No. 321 — "Arménie, des origines à la christianisation", Paris: 2007 [pp. 60-64.]

ZARIFIAN, Julien, États Unis au sud du Caucase post-Soviétique — Arménie, Azerbaïdjan, Géorgie, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2012

ZEKIYAN, Boghos Levon, "Die Christianisierung und die Alphabetisierung Armeniens als Vorbilder kultureller Inkarnation, besonders im subkaukasischen Gebiet" ["The Christianization and "alphabetization" of Armenia as a prelude to cultural incarnation, particularly in the sub-Caucasian region"], in SEIBT, Werner (ed.), Die Christianisierung des Kaukasus — The Christianization of Caucasus, Vienna: the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2002

ZETKIN, Clara, Im befreiten Kaukasus, Berlin & Wien: Verlag für Literatur und Politik, 1926 [309 pp.]

de ZICHY, Eugène, Voyages au Caucase et en Asie Centrale: la migration de la race hongroise, Budapest: Gustav Ranschburg, 1897

ZIMINA, R.P., "The Main Features of the Caucasian Natural Landscapes and their Conservation, U.S.S.R.", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. X, No. 2, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1978

ZIMINA, R.P., ISAKOV, Yu. A., & PANFILOV, D.V., "Geography of Altitudinal Belt Ecosystems in the Caucasus", in Arctic & Alpine Research, Vol. V, No. 3, Boulder (CO): University of Colorado Boulder, 1973

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von ZITTEL, Karl, & BERGHAUS, Hermann, Der Kaukasus, Perthes, 1889

ZUGMAYER, Erich, Eine Reise durch Vorderasien im Jahre 1904, mit 110 Abbildungen nach Original-Photographien, darunter 8 farbigen Tafeln von Heinz Pinggera, und 4 Kartenskizzen, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1905 [410 pp.; 'völkerkundliche und zoologische Reise durch Transkaukasien, Kurdistan, Turkestan, Buchara, Chiwa, von Baku nach Tiflis und über den Kaukasus'.]

ZÜRCHER, Christoph, The post-Soviet wars: rebellion, ethnic conflict, and nationhood in the Caucasus, New York: New York University Press, 2007

ZVANBAI, S., "Abkhazian Mythology and Religious Beliefs", in Kavkas, 81-82, Tiflis: 1855

van ZWOL, Coen, Gijzelaar van de Kaukasus — De ontvoering van Arjan Erkel, Amsterdam: Prometheus NRC Handelsblad, 2005 [Peter-Arjan Erkel was the head of the relief mission for Médecins Sans Frontières in Dagestan. Kidnapped in 2002, he was freed in 2004. The Dutch government claimed he had been rescued in a special operation, but finally admitted to having paid EUR 1 million for his release. They claimed MSF had promised to repay this money. MSF refused, and the Dutch government took them to court. The Dutch government lost its appeal in 2008. The Dutch government then appealed again at the Federal Tribunal in Lausanne and won the case, forcing MSF to pay back EUR 270,000 to the Dutch treasury.]

ZYAZIKOV, M.M., L'Ingouchétie, Paris: Éditions de l’Amandier, 2007